赵氏52英语英语72变 著作 太阳 ZHAOFU(中国大陆)
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五二英语72不规则再现→考试模拟练;学习孙悟空 演示72变
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1.洋话交流,有52不愁→①②③④⑤
想说是什么用①判断句
He is a nice boy.他是1名好男孩。
想说怎么样用②描写句→It is easy.那容易。I am too busy to write to you.我没用时间给你写信。*见3个[tu:]的写法。
想说在哪儿用③存在句There is a book on the table.在桌子上有1本书.There was a calm on the sea.有平静(无风)在海面上。
想说属于谁用④占有句→Tom has a car.汤姆有1辆车。
想说动作请选⑤动态句→Tom likes cars.汤姆喜欢车。Who built it?谁建的它?*疑问词必须在句首,其后必须跟动词。

2.外语简单,有乱说实现包括母语在内,世界上还没有1个人不是通过‘乱说’来实现口语高手的呢。
3.中式英语,有秘籍可取
中式思维It is who?是谁呀?英语思维Who is it? *规则:疑问词提前,其后跟动词。
中式思维I shall give it to who?我把这个给谁呀?英语思维Who shall I give it to? *规则:通过第1思维,转换外语思维。

4.简单易学,有词就解决Yes?
什么事?(用升调) Why.嗨。Why not? 为什么不呢?
5.肯否概念,有陈述句嵌Tom is a boy. May isn't a boy. *规则:肯定的陈述句你不可以用助动词do does did。

6.现在时写,有现将来解
If it rains tomorrow,we will stay home.如果明天下雨我们就待在家里。*规则:主句将 从句现
7.成过去时,有过将用词If it were to rain tomorrow,we would stay home.假如明天下雨我们会待在家里。虚拟:过找过

8.时态互见,有现场会面We've know each other since we were children.我们从小就认识。 写过程:现找过
I said I want to go home.我说我想回家! 说现场:过找现

9.主谓宾表,有规则都晓主+谓+宾=动态句\占有句主+系+表=判断句\描写句\存在句
动态句 I know his kind.我了解这种人。 占有句 He has a pet.

判断句 This is a pet. 描写句
Truth is honest.真理是诚实的。存在句 There is hope.有希望。
Things may be bad at the moment.现在可能情况不太好。描写句

10.地\时置后,有位置在右主+谓+宾+地点+时间| 倒1=时间;倒2=地点
I read English at home every day.我每天在家读英语。
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11.独立主格,有另类学说To tell the truth,I don't like your pet.说实话,我不喜欢你的宠物。*删除不影响=独立主格

12.出同义句,有词汇考虑→
So am I.=I'm too.我也是。This shoe is hers.=Hers is this shoe.这双鞋是她的.*同物用判断句
Do give me a call.=Be sure to give me a call.一定给我打电话噢!Don't let him go. = Let him not go.

13.祈使命令,有原形才行→Open the door.快开门。否→Don't open the door. Hey,don't do that.黑,别那么做!
14.Let祈使,有否定句子→Let's go.让我们走吧。Don't let us go.Let's not go.

15.出3非谓,有动词就会不定式现在分词过去分词
不定式作主语 To tell you a lie would be wrong.(我)不该对你说谎。
=It would be wrong to tell you a lie.同义句:it=不定式to do=真正的主语 *do代表任意动词的原形
Yes,and be careful not to touch the button.对,小心不要碰着按钮。

现在分词作宾语 My flowers want watering.我的花该浇水了。
=My flowers want to be watered.(同义句) *want doing=不定式被动(to be done)
She held back,not knowing how to break the terrible news.她踌躇著,不知该怎样宣布这一坏消息。

过去分词作表语I'm interested in computers.我对电脑很感兴趣。
Not educated well,he was difficult in solving such a complicated problem.*本句是过去分词作状语与定语
由于未受过良好的教育,要他解决这样复杂的问题是很困难的。[`k)mplikeit]vt.难对付

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16.不定式提,有to do涉及3种不定式:

He asked Tom to open the door for him.他叫汤姆给他打开门。
She asked them not to discuss the matter in her presence.他请求他们不要当着她的面讨论这个问题。[`prezns]n.面前
She doesn't know what to do with herself.她不知道怎么办才好。

17.并列要连,有连词到前→并列关系因果关系选择关系转折关系递进关系条件关系让步关系
并列You push and I'll pull.你来推,我来拉。动态句+动态句
He spoke,and all were still.
他在讲话时,全体是肃静的。动态句+描写句
常用有11个:and\also\too\both...and\as well as\not only...but (also)\neither...nor\or\for\yet\either...or\

因果As a man sows,so he shall reap[ri:p]收获. 种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆。动态句+动态句 *注意:用2个连词的例句
As a man lives so shall he die.有生必有死。 *注意:so引导的句子可写成倒装形式
常用有9个:
as\so\for\therefore\as...so\because\because of\since\now that\


选择He must be joking,or she is mad.他绝对是在开玩笑,否则他就是疯了。动态句+描写句
常用连词有:
or\either...or\otherwise\
转折I'm poor,while you are rich.我是贫穷的,但你是富有的。
It is strange,yet it is true.事虽奇怪,但却真实。描写句+描写句
常用有7个:\yet\but\however\on the other hand\otherwise\although\though\

递进A car drove up and he got in.一辆车开来,他上了车。 动态句+动态句
Even though you do not like it,you must do it.即使你不喜欢这份工作,你也得做。
I won't go there,nor will he.我不会去那里,他也不会。*注意:nor引导的句子可写成倒装形式
常用有3个:\and\even though\
nor\
条件
As long as there is an opportunity,there is hope.只要有机会,就有希望。存在句+存在句
常用有3个:\as long as\if\unless\
让步
Although he was ill,he worked hard.尽管他病了,但仍工作努力。描写句+动态句
常用有7个:\although\while\in spite of\whether...or\all the same\after all\as\


18.强调继续,有it请去→It was he who broke the glass.杯子是他打破的。*强调主语he原句:He broke the glass.
It was Tom that met Mary in HK in 2010.是汤姆于2010年在香港遇见了玛丽。*强调主语Tom.
It was in HK that Tom met Mary in 2010.是在香港汤姆于2010年遇见了玛丽。*强调地点in HK.
It was in 2010 that Tom met Mary in HK.是于2010年汤姆在香港遇见了玛丽。*强调时间in 2010.

It was I who was wrong.是我错了。*强调主语I.原句:I was wrong.
It's you who should decide it.该由你来决定了。*强调主语you.原句:You should decide it.

精华It is\was ...who\that...(提示:that不能用which等其它词切换,这可不是定语从句噢!)


It is easy to melt butter.黄油很容易化。*it=to melt butter(形式主语)
It is very nice of them to help me out.真是太好了他们帮了我的忙。*it=to help me out(形式主语)
It is an easy place to reach.那是1处容易到达的地方。*it=to reach
It is certain that he will succeed.他一定会成功。*it=that he will succeed.(从句)
Was it real or did I dream it?是真的还是我当时在做梦? *学会用it来应急,作形式主语与形式宾语。

中式思维It can be who ever?那究竟会是谁呢?英语思维Who ever can it be? *规则:疑问词提前,其后跟动词。
It is dangerous playing with fire.它是危险的玩火。*it=playing with fire.
He found it very difficult to answer the question.他发现这个问题很难回答。(it=形式宾语=不定式)
I find it necessary to learn English well.我发现学好英语很有必要的。(it=形式宾语=不定式)
I think it no use telling them.我认为告诉他们没有用。(it=形式宾语=分词短语)
I think it important that we should keep calm[ka:m].我认为我们保持冷静是必要的。(it=形式宾语=分词短语)

精华1:what引导的主语从句不可转换用it,如:What he said is true.≠It is true What he said.×
精华2:that引导的主语从句常转换成用it,如It is said that...据说;It is well known that...众所周知;
It is a pity that...
可惜;It is reported that...据报道;It is a fact that...事实是;It seems that...好像是;
It is good thing that...
是好事情;It is good news that...是好消息;It is clear that...很清楚;
It is necessary that...有必要;It is important that...重要的是;It is possilbe that...可能;
It happened that...碰巧;It chanced that...正巧;It turns out that...结果是;It follows that...可见;
It is recorded that...据记载;It is must be pointed out that...须指出;It will be seen that...可看出;
It is should be noted that...应注意;It has been proved that...已证明;It has been found that...已发现;

19.强调谓语,有do来例举→Do tell me naw.现在就告诉我吧!Do stop crying!别哭了!(不耐烦时)
I do hope he is all right.我真希望他没出什么事。
I'll tell you something that does sound strange.我将告诉你听起来的确很怪的事。

I do think that he will be forced to resign.我确实认为他会被迫辞职的。[f ):st]被迫的 [ri`zain]辞职
That's exactly what he did say.那就是他说的话。

20.倒装来说,有so不可缺So am I.=I'm too.我也是。So you say.你是这么说的。*副词there\here引导也能倒装
There it is.它在那儿。=There is your coat.那儿有你的外套。Here it is.它在这儿。=Here is your coat.这儿有你的外套。
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21.省略句快,有关键词在→Man has (a) free will.人类有自由的意志。
He has three brothers;one is a teacher;another(is)a soldier,and the other(is)an artist.
他有3个兄弟:1位是教师,1位是军人,而另一位是艺术家。


22.直间引语,有词换允Tom said to me,‘I'm busy now.'汤姆对我说,‘我现在很忙’。
Tom told me he was busy then.汤姆告诉我他那时很忙。*said to→told 转述时→asked.
The doctor asked me what was the trouble.医生问我有什么病。 *句子中的what是主语间(兼)引导词。
提示
now →then\today →that day\yesterday →the day before\this evening →that evening\here →there\
\yesterday morning →the morning before\last night →the night before\two days ago →two days before\
\next week →the next week=the following day\tomorrow →the next day=the following day\come →go\
\the day before yesterday
前天→two days before\the day after tomorrow后天→in two days'time=two days after\
\this →that\these →those\bring →take\said →told\I·you →he·she·her...\
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现 →过\将 →过将\过 →过完\现完 →过完\过完 →过完\\现 →现\

23.被动易见,有宾来检验→Tom teaches English.English is taught by Tom.英语被汤姆教。*有宾语有被动
24.双宾改被,有被动双份Tom teaches me English.I'm taught English by Tom.我被教英语由汤姆。*有双宾有双被
25.被缺宾止,有力无处使
Tom lives by himself.汤姆独身1人生活。*有动作有被动但无宾语则无被动
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26.被无动停,有静态不成
占有句Tom has a car.汤姆有1台车。*判·描·存·占=静态句→无被动;只有动态句才会出现被动句。

27.使役5态,有让字难赖现在时过去时将来时完成时进行时 祈使句=命令句=将来时
现在时 We have our office decorated every year.我们每年都要装修我们的办公室。
过去时 We had our office decorated last year.我们去年装修了我们的办公室。
将来时 We will have our office decorated next year.我们明年要装修我们的办公室。
完成时 We have just had our office decorated.我们刚装修完我们的办公室。
进行时 We are having our office decorated.我们正在让人装修我们的办公室。

祈使 Get your hair cut!你去理发吧! Get your eyes tested!你去检查一下你的眼睛吧! *祈使句中 gethave更为自然

28.主被使役,有对照快记主动句被动句使役句 *现在进行时为例:
主动 We are servicing our car.我们正在检修我们的车。
被动 Our car is being serviced.我们的车正在被检修。
使役 We are having our car serviced.我们正在让人检修我们的车。


29.时态十六,有表格呼救详见赵氏52英语教材P92.
30.
主从句时,有了引导词
→Christians believe that God is omniscient.基督教徒相信上帝是无所不知的。*从句必须有引导词,无引导词时用that充当。
I don't believe what you said.我不相信你说的。参考I~you said what>what提到从句句首=引导词

It's so hot that I can't work today.今天太热了,以致于我无法工作。
*that=引导词
=It is too hot to work.天太热了,无法工作。*too..to=so...that

The weather is so hot that I can't bear.天太热了,以致于我无法忍受。*that=引导词
=The weather is too hot to bear.天太热了,无法忍受。
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31.从句主语,有it常举It would be wrong to tell you a lie.不该对你说谎。*it替代不定式to do作形式主语
正常To tell you a lie would be wrong.

32.主语多种,有例句能懂名词代词数词形容词副词介词不定式动词过去分词介词短语从句句子itthere
定义:主语=名词; 一旦充当主语就属于名词性质噢。规则:语法决定词法,词法则不能决定语法。


Christians believe that God is omniscient.基督教徒相信上帝是无所不知的。
We are servicing our car.我们正在检修我们的车。
One is enough.1个就够了。
In the grave the rich and poor lie equal.人到黄泉贫富同。Worse is the comparative of bad.Worsebad比较级。
Here is the news.现在报告新闻。Now is the time.现在是时候了。 Carefully does it.小心就行。

The ups and downs of life must be taken as they come.我们必须承受人生之沉浮。
To see is to believe.百闻不如一见。
Say begins with (an) S. Say以S字母开始。
现分\过分Being a good teacher is not easy at all.作为1名好教师一点也不容易。Seeing is believing.百闻不如一见。
The disabled are to receive more money.残疾人将得到更多的救济金。
介短To HK is not very far.到香港不是很远。
从句
Whenever you are ready will be fine.你何时准备好都行。*whenever=引导词
句子‘How do you do? 'is a greeting.‘你好!'是一句问候语。
it It would be wrong to tell you a lie.不该对你说谎。*it替代不定式to do作形式主语
there be There are some people in the waiting room.有一些人在接待室里。

33.谓语不多,有be\do\情扩
bedo
定义:谓语=动词; 一旦充当谓语就属于动词性质噢。规则:语法决定词法,词法则不能决定语法。


be It isn't yours.它不是你的。*be在英语中用于判断句\描写句\存在句\
提示am\is\are\was\were=限定词(被控制的词);be\being\been=非限定词

do She didn't do it.她没做那事。*didn't是助动词,do为实意动词做之意。
I can't bear.我不能忍受。*情态动词有can\must\may...等→详见赵氏52英语教材P11,P15。
*精华:
am\is\are\was\were时,直接+n't变否定,若没用就用do\does\did来完成,我们称其为简单谓语,因为它的肯定形式只有1个动词;
遇有情态动词时则能直接+n't变否定,我们称其为复合谓语,因为它的肯定形式有由2个或3个以上的动词来实现的。

34.情态见双,有例句开创
It may or may not be one.它也许或也许不。记公式:情态动词+动词原形=将来时

35.双be一览,有be\being展Our conversation may be being gugged.咱们的话也许被窃听了。
Are you being funny?你是在开玩笑吗?Being cold and hungry is no joke.饥寒交迫可不是个玩笑。现分短语作主语
The house is\was being built.那房子正在\那时正在建造中。Man is a rational being.人是1个理性的生物。
记公式:be+being=进行时be+being+过去分词=被动
being=名词;be+名\形=系表结构。
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36.谓语have,有占有句悟
have=有have+过分=完成时
提示:谓语=have=占有句=有无被动句;
谓语=have+过分=完成时
have=有 Tom has a car.汤姆有1辆车。
have+过分=完成时
Tom has had a good education.汤姆受过良好的教育。

37.表语来争,有系表之称
名词形容词代词数词副词不定式动名词过去分词介词短语词组从句表补从句
定义:1种能解释主语的宾语称其为表语;宾语只承受来自于主语的动作,但不能解释主语。


It is yours.它是你的。
The earth looks round.这地球看上去是圆的。
You don't look it.你看起来不像。
Tom was the first to learn about it.汤姆是第1位知道这事的人。
I am here for sightseeing.我是来这儿观光的。Is Tom in?汤姆在家吗?
To see is to believe.百闻不如一见。
动名 Seeing is believing.百闻不如一见。
过分 The glass was broken.玻璃破了。
介短 I am in difficulty.我有困难。You ought to be in bed.你该上床去了。She's still in bed.她还没起床。
词组 It is an invention of Edison's.这是1项爱迪生的发明。
从句 This will be what you need.这大概就是你所需要的。
表补从句 He's afraid that he might lose customers.他怕他会失去顾客。=I'm afraid of losing customers.表补从句
表补从句→对表语afraid(形容词)一词进行解释说明的句子。这是‘形宾'结构的1种,传统上是名词性从句中的宾语从句1例。


38.宾语抵达,有动宾说法
名词代词数词形容词副词不定式动名词过去分词介词短语从句句子
定义:承受主语动作的成分称其为宾语,但不能解释主语。


Cows give milk.母牛产奶。I gave him a book.我给了他1本书。
Buy your father a present.给你爸爸买1件礼物吧。(双名词).

He saw her to the door.他把她送到了门口。Will you join us?你和我们一起去吗?
If you add 5 to 5,you get 10.5+5=10.Subtract 2 from 10 and you have 8.10-2=8.
I'll do my possible.我会尽力而为。
Did you say‘for' or‘against'?你是赞成还是反对?
He smokes too much.汤姆吸烟太多。He eats\drinks too much.汤姆吃的\喝的太多。

You want to tall him the truth.你应该把实情告诉他。*提示 不定式前只能用whether引导不可用if.
We really don't know whether to go or to stay.我们确实不知道是否该去。
动名 Your cost wants washing.你的衣服该洗了。
过分 He never did the unexpected.他从不做使人感到意外之事。
介短 I called on him.我去拜访他了。
从句 Do you understand what I mean?你明白我的意思吗?
You can tell me what was the matter?
你能告诉我什么事发生了吗?*句子中的what是主语间(兼)引导词。

*提示 or not前只能用whether引导不可用if,介词后也同样如此。
Can you tell me whether or not he will come to our party?你能告诉我他是否会来我们的聚会?
Success depends on whether we make enough effort.成功取决于我们是否做出了足够的努力。
Whether the story is true or not,I don't know yet.故事是否属实我还不知道。*句首时只能用whether不可用if

句子 Tom said,‘I usually get up at six.'汤姆说,‘我通常6点钟起床。’
Tom said he usually got up at six.汤姆说他通常6点钟起床。

39.宾格作宾,有直间宾分直接宾语为物间接宾语为代词或非代词
特征:在间接宾语前面加上to\for可后置作状语成分。

I gave him a book.我给了他1本书。=I gave a book to him.
1 He was given a book by me. 被2 A book was given(to)him by me.
I bought him a book.我给他买了1本书。=I bought a book for him.
I asked him a question.我问了他1个问题。若对方能理解时,可分解写出→I asked him.→I asked a question.

I kissed her good night.我用吻向她道晚安。*保留宾语则不可+to\for 后置。
I wrote her that he should come at once.我写信叫她马上来。*从句前为保留宾语则不可后置。
Buy your father a present.给你爸爸买1件礼物吧。*双宾双名词

40.3宾近亲,有动·介·形宾动宾结构介宾结构形宾结构(不定式多见)
动宾 Someone wants to see you.有人想见你。
介宾 You're wanted on the phone.有你电话。

形宾
He is always ready to give a hand.他总是乐意帮助人。It's certain(无疑的) to rain.老天要下雨了。
形后从句 He's afraid that he might lose customers.他怕他会失去顾客。=I'm afraid of losing customers.表补从句
表补从句→对表语afraid(形容词)一词进行解释说明的句子。这是‘形宾'结构的1种,传统上是名词性从句中的宾语从句1例。
..........................................................................................................


41.宾语复合,有补语干活
名词代词数词形容词动词⑥副词⑦不定式现在分词过去分词介词短语从句
定义:解释说明宾语成分称其为补语,但不能解释主语。特征:动词原形变被动后前面必须+to,记住同类词是不能并列书写的。

They called him a fool.他们叫他傻瓜。We call him Tom.我们叫他汤姆。Tom was nicknamed Fatty.汤姆的绰号叫胖子。
Tom rang the boss himself.汤姆给老板本人打的电话。(而不是打给老板的秘书)
We nicknamed Tom‘the First'.我们把汤姆叫老大。
We all find him funny.我们都认为他很滑稽。The bird was caught alive.那只鸟儿被活捉。

I saw him do it.我看到他干的。>>被 He was seen to do it by me. *2个动词并列时用to连。
He found the meeting over.他发现会议结束了。All of them were invited in.他们中所有人都被邀请进来了。

The doctor ordered me to stay in bed.医生吩咐我卧床休息。=The doctor ordered me to bed.
现分 I saw him coming at 10 o'clock.我看见他10点钟来过。
过分 I'm going to have my car repaired.我打算叫人修我的车。I saw the car repaired.我看见那辆车已经修好了。
介短 The doctor ordered me to bed.医生吩咐我卧床休息。You should put your things in order.你应该把物品摆放整齐。
从句 Can you lend me the book that you bought last week?你能借我你上周买的那本书吗?宾补从句

42.3种补语,有例句可举宾语补足语主语补足语表语补足语
定义:解释说明主语·宾语·表语成分称其为补(足)语。

宾语补足语 I found him watching TV.我发现他在看电视。
主语补足语 He was found watching TV by me.他在看电视被我发现了。*当宾语去充当主语时就称其为主语补足语了。
表语补足语
I'm afraid I can't remember.我可怕我不能记起了。


43.定语简单,有形容词干名词代词数词形容词动词⑥副词⑦不定式现在分词过去分词介词短语从句冠词
定义:解释名词成分的部分称其为定语,但不能解释谓语;作定语的词属于形容词词性,这叫
语法决定词法,词法不能左右语法。
This is my home phone number.这是我家的电话号码。
Beverages饮料 are not allowed in the school bus.校车上不不准喝饮料。*be+过分=被动公式

Your hair needs cutting.你该理发了。 What kind of dish is this?这是什么菜?
There's only one way to do it.只有1种方法去做它。存在句
Be a good boy and go to sleep.当个怪孩子睡觉去。祈使句(判断句+动态句)

In rainy days the boys used to go bare feet.在雨天,男孩们习惯于赤脚行走。*bare暴露vt.a.
The joke having been said,let's return to our subject.讲完笑话后,让我们言归正传吧。

This book here is very helpful.这本书很有帮助。*副词作定语时必须后置。

That's the way to do it.那就是做该事的方法。
现分 Would you like some sleeping pills?你要点安眠药吗?
过分 I bought a used car.我买了1辆二手车。
Usually what we drink is the boilded water.我们通常饮用的是已煮沸的水。


介短 This is a map of China.这是一张中国地图。*介词短语作定语时必须后置。
从句 The car that's parked outside is mine.停在外面的车是我的。
冠词 The car is mine.那车是我的。*the=这·那·这些·那些


44.同位语学,有10种可约名词代词数词不定式动名词介词短语从句动词形容词副词
定义:承受著相同成分并起强调作用的词语,有时可省略掉,似定语之用法,但定语是绝对不能被省略掉的。


Tom likes takling with us young people.汤姆喜欢和我们年轻人聊天。
Professor Jones is not lecturing this term.
琼斯教授这学期没课。
There are many big cities in Europe,for example,London,Paris,Rom.有许多大城市在欧洲如伦敦巴黎罗马。
They brought fruit,such as,bananas and oranges.他们带来了水果,如香蕉橘子等。

They all had colds.他们都感冒了。The baby itself laughed.婴儿自己笑了。
We,us three will be able to fulfill the task.我们3人能完成这项任务。
We each received a special gift from the teacher.我们每个人都收到了老师给的1份礼物。

Are you two ready?你们2位准备好了吗?We three will go there together.我们3人会一起去那里的。
Their latest proposal,to concentrate on primary education,has met with some opposition.
他们最近提出的集中全力于初等教育的提议遭到了某些人的反对。


动名 The first plan,attacking at night,wasturned down.第1个计划夜袭被拒绝了。
介短 The city of Rome was not built in a day.罗马城不是一天被建成的。
从句 The news that we are having a holiday tomorrow is not true.明天放假的消息不是真实的。

⑧动 We're going to continue to expand,to continue to have an increase in productivity.
我们将继续扩大,继续增强生产力。

⑨形 She is more than prety,that is亦即,beautiful.她不止是漂亮,亦即,很美。
⑩副 He is working as hard as before,that is to say,not very hard.他工作的劲头和过去一样,这就是说,不很努力。


提示 同位语前常插入以下引语

namely既·viz既·or或·mostly多半·mainly基本上·including包括·chiefly主要·particularly特别是·
such as比如·say比如·let us say假定说·that is亦即·that is to say那就是说·to wit既·in other words换言之

or rather更正确地说·for short简言之·for example例如·for instance例如·in particular特别是·especially尤其是

比较:定语 He expressed the hope that(宾语) he has had for many years.他表达了多年来的希望。真实语气:过+现(完)
*定语从句的引导词that担当成分,可省略掉。
同位语 He expressed the hope that he would come China again.他表达了原意再来中国是希望。虚拟语气:过+过(将)
同位语 We made the suggestion that you (should) go by plane.我们建议你们乘飞机去。虚拟语气:过+过(将)
*同位语从句的连词that不担当成分,不可省略掉。

提示 同位语从句前常见的谓语动词有15个
·hope\news\order\fact事实\idea想法\truth真理\reason理由\result结果\question\problem问题\probability可能性\
doubt怀疑\evidence根据\belief信仰\discovery发现\
*拟宾语从句
The hope that he may recover is faint.他复原的希望
是渺茫的。
*含疑问词的同位语从句
It is a question how he did it.问题是他如何做了此事。
..................................................

45.状语都懂,有副词种种
副词代词数词不定式分词介词短语从句动词形容词名词
定义:修饰动作的词语称其为状语。
一但成为状语则属于副词性质。
I answered his letter immediately.我立刻回复他的信。
I felt worried some.我愁得要命。*some[口]很,非常(副词用法)
The fish I caught was this big.我捕到的那条鱼有这么大。*this[口]这么,这样地(副词用法,作前置状语)
Don't go any close.别再走进噢。*any少许,稍微(副词用法,作前置状语,用于疑·否·if子句中)

Ten to one you'llmiss your train.十有八九你要错过你那趟火车了。 Ten to one,he will come.十有八九他会来的。
It was too hot to work.天太热,没法工作。We can't go.To begin with,it's too cold.我们不能去。首先,天太冷了。
分词 He could hardly resist[ri`zist](忍)thinking about it.他忍不住要想这件事。现在分词
Seen from the hill,the town looks very beautiful.从山上看,这座城市非常漂亮。 过去分词

介短 Is Peter at home?彼得在家吗?
从句 Where there is a river,there is a city.有河流,常有城市。存在句+存在句
动词 The child snowed crumbs of bread broadcast.那孩子把面包屑撒得到处都是。*snow纷至沓来
The debate became white-hot.争论到达了白热化地程度。*white(副词用法,作前置状语)
Today is Sunday,there is no school today.今天是星期日,学校不上课。判断句+存在句

46.独立成分,有3种评论
感叹语呼语插入语
定义:不受句子中的任何成分制约,而独立于句子外的部分

There,there!Stop crying!好啦,好啦。别哭了。Ah,how beautiful!啊,多美呀!Hey,where are you going?喂,你去哪儿?
Hello,mum!妈,你好!Mum,what are you watching?妈,你在看什么节目呀?Dad,where are you going?爸,你去哪儿?

To be frank,I like you.老实讲,我喜欢你。
作插入语成分的词有→A短句 B副词 C形容词 D不定式 E介词短语 F现在分词 G从句 H词组·I在疑问词后·
A短句·Nothing serious,I hope.没什么大不了的事,我这样看。You know,I am your husband.你要知道,我是你的丈夫。
同类有I hope\guess\thinkbelieve\suppose\wonder|I tell you|you know|It is said\suggested|It seems\to me|

B副·Honestly,you are always getting into trouble.说老实话,你总是惹麻烦。同类有luckily\surely\maybe\probably\certainly|等
C形·I sure am hungry.我真是饿了。同类有worse still\and sure enough\most important of all\
D不·He is clever,to be sure,but not very hard-working.他聪明是聪明,但是不怎么勤奋。同类有\to be frank\to be sure\

E介短·By the way,I'm not her father.顺便一提,我不是她的父亲。同类有in his opinion\to my surprise\to her great joy\
F现分\过分·Broadly[`br ):dli] speaking,I agree with you.坦白说,我同意你的意见。同类有\being\judging\
Being a teacher,you should set a good example to the students.作为教师你应该为学生树立好的榜样。
So absorbed in his work, Tom neglected food and sleep.汤姆工作如此专心,到了废寝忘食的地步。[nig`lekt]vt.忽略

G从句·It is a useful book and,what is more,not an expensive one.它是1本有用的书,更难得的,不很贵。
同类
that is to say.
That is to say,same time.那就是说,同样时间。

H词组
·After all,what does it matter?归根结底,那有什么关系呢?He came after all.他究竟还是来了。
同类in other words.
I在疑问词后·What the hell do you want?你到底要什么? Which ever do you want?你究竟要哪一个? 强调作用
同类\the hell\ever\in the world\the devil\on earth\ Who in the world is that fellow?那个人究竟是谁?
When the devil[`devl] did you lose it?你到底什么时候丢的?
What on earth do you mean?
你究竟是什么意思?=What ever do you mean?

46.have跟had,有二有真特→That teacher has always had it in for me.那位老师总想跟我过不去。*in for免不了遭受
47.had+had现,有2个had见→He had had a brush with his neighbor.他与邻居发生过一次小过节。*brush刷子\小过节

48.5种句型,有规则就灵→
He is a teacher.主·系·表→他是1位教师。(52英语:判\描\存=主\系\表)
He teaches English.主·谓·宾→他教英语。(52英语
:占\动=主\谓\宾)
He teaches us English.主·谓·间宾·直宾→他教我们英语。(52英语:占\动=主\谓\宾)
He made us speak English.主·谓·宾·补→他让我们讲英语。(52英语:占\动=主\谓\宾\补)
He works at\on weekends.主·宾·状→他在周末工作。(52英语:占\动=主\谓\状)


49.副词写准,有位置别混He flung open the door.他猛然推开了门。*含糊副词置于实词前,be与助动词后。
50.反问用may,有wish当谓→I wish to go home now,may I?我想现在回家,可以吗? *谓语wish的反问请用may.
.........................................................................................................

51.
否定祈使,有not也止Not open to visitors.
谢绝参观。
52.成主系表,有被动可笑She looks good on paper.她看来资历很好。 *表语good不能作被动的主语→无被动句
同类词|
appear·fail·happen·last·lie·sit·be·become·seem·smell·feel·sound...

53.时态对比,有英语虚拟Were I you,I would help her.假如我是你,我会帮助她。*用倒装写法来省略if.
54.起床为站,有站起来翻After a little he got up and left.
过了片刻他站起来走了。

55.普通名词,有4种解释个体teacher集体army物资cloth抽象peace *①②=可数 *③④=不可数(不是绝对的)
He is a teacher.他是1位教师。
Join the army.
参军。
Cover the table a cloth.在桌子上铺上台布。
May he rest in peace.愿她安息。

56.句首may疑,有祝愿之吉May you succeed!祝你成功!
Bye! May you pass the exam!再见,祝你考试通过! May you have a happy new year.祝您新年快乐。

57.have也祈使,有祝愿之举Have a good day!祝您愉快!
58.never祈否,有例句不少Never shut that door!千万别关上那门! Never talk to me like this.别这么同我说。
59.祈使and用,有1句供奉Wait and see.等着瞧吧。
60.祈使被动,有主被碰碰Close the door.=Let the door be closed.关上那扇门。
.......................................................................................................


61.祈使否定,有例句佐证
Don't close the door.=Don't let the door be closed.别关上那扇门。
62.let能做, 有主被验过Let's plant the trees.Let the trees be planted.咱们种植些树吧。

63.进行表将,有6词奉上go\come\arrive\leave\begin\start\
Where are you going?你要去哪儿?
Are you doing anything tomorrow evening
?明晚你有事要做吗?
I'm going to the moon.The spaceship is arriving soon.我要去月球,太空船稍候就要到了。

When are you leaving?你何时动身? I'm starting for the moon tonight.我今晚将出发去月球。
I'm leaving for the moon late night.我今天晚上晚些时候动身去月球。
I'm just beginning to recuperate in the moon for three months.我要去月球疗养3个月。

64.动名来会,有经常行为I remember you like going to the moon on weekends.我记得你喜欢在周末去月球来着。
65.smoking使,有例是泛指I hate smoking.讨厌吸烟。*意指任何人
..............................
66.dislike跟动名,有宾语证明Sorry,I forgot that you dislike smoking.对不起,我忘记你不喜欢吸烟了。
67.need充当被,有动名才对The bathroom needs cleaning.洗浴间需要去(被)清扫了。
68.forgot+about,有事忘做了I forgot about cleaning yesterday.我昨天忘记打扫了。
69.decided+不定,有事要去应I've decided to take a walk outside.我决定去外面散散步。*只跟不定式
70.dislike跟动名,有宾语证明Sorry,I forgot that you dislike smoking.对不起,我忘记你不喜欢吸烟了。
........................................................................................................

71.remember跟动原,有to中间连Then remember to buy things on your way home.那么想着在回家的路上买些东西。
72.now句首放,有平衡勿忘Now I am outside the house.我现在在房间的外面呢。

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