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2.存在句/过去时

现在时过去时将来时过去将来时完成时过去完成将来完成过将完现进其它综合

第1课

存在句过去时 公式:There+ was单数/were复数

定义:曾有某物在某处,在哪儿?

There was a treatise on the desk. 曾有一篇论文稿在书桌上.*名词的数决定用was or were.

There wasn't a treatise on the desk.没曾有一篇论文稿在书桌上.*wasn't=was not

Was there a treatise on the desk? 曾有一篇论文稿在书桌上吗?*动词引导,否则不能加"?"

Yes,there was. No,there wasn't.

第2课 存在句过去时 疑问形式[中/英转化法]

定义:疑问词/疑问词组"必须"置于句首.疑问词/疑问词组后面"必须"有动词(如:8W 1H)

特中There was what article on the desk?*what article前置句首,was解冲突.

 英 What article was there on the desk?有过什么文件在书桌上吗?/成功转化.

 中 There was a treatise where?*where前置句首,was解冲突。

 英 Where was there a treatise?()曾有一篇论文稿在哪?/成功转化.

 中 There were how many computer games in the notebook PC?

 *how many computer games前置句首,were解冲突

 英 How many computer games were there in the notebook PC?/成功转化.

这个笔记本电脑里存了多少电脑游戏?

第3课 存在句过去时 感叹形式[中/英转化法]

定义:感叹词组必须置于句首,其后必须跟主语.

中=英↓用此方法翻译英文句子准确*按照中文方式首先写出该句子!

感 中 There was what a good treatise on the desk!

 英 What a good treatise there was on the desk!书桌上曾有一篇多么好的论文稿啊! or:What a good treatise!/成功转化.

第4课 存在句过去时 选问公式:一般疑问+or

Was there a book or a pen on the desk? 曾有一本书还是一支钢笔在书桌上?

第5课 存在句过去时 反问公式:肯定形式+一般疑问

There was a book on the desk,wasn't there? 曾有一本书在书桌上,不是吗?

第6课 存在句过去时 基本功训练

单词:notebook PC 笔记本电脑 treatise论文2.扩充:laptop 漆上型轻便电脑

第7课 存在句过去时 典型例句

As there was very little support,the strike was not successful.

由于
支持的很少,罢工未获成功。*As/Because/Since引导的原因状语从句。

=Because there was very little support,the strike was not successful.

=Since there was very little support,the strike was not successful.

There was no bridge across/over the river,so we had to swim across.

河上没有桥,所以我们不得不游过去。*so引导的原因状语从句=动态句→将来时

There were over seventy people at the party.参加晚会的人数超过了70.*over=多于

现位置过去时

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