赵氏52英语网著作 太阳 ZHAOFU

目录 | 现在时过去时将来时过将完成过完将完过将完现进其它综合
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第1课存在句/现在时
公式:There+is单数/are复数 *there am
定义:有某物在某处。
There is a book on the desk.有一本书在书桌上.
(名词的单复数决定用is or are)
There isn't a book on the desk.没有一本书在书桌上.(isn't = is not)
Is there a book on the desk?有一本书在书桌上吗?(动词引导,否则不能加"?")
Yes,there is. No,there isn't.
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典型例句:
There are no apples.没有苹果.*no+名词=全然没有.
再如:There is no milk.没有牛奶.
There are thousands and thousands of books in the library.
图书馆有成千上万册书.*and=重复=接连不断。
There is a pen,a pencil and four books.有1支钢笔,1支铅笔和4本书.
*选is/are采用临近原则
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第2课存在句\现在时 特问形式[中/英转化法]
2个必须:疑问词/疑问词组"必须"置于句首.疑问词/疑问词组后面"必须"有动词[8W1H]
中=英↓用此方法翻译英文句子准确
*按照中文方式首先写出该句子,再按照"2个必须"操作,如:
特中There is what book on the desk? what book=疑问词组,前置句首,is解冲突
What book is there on the desk?有什么书在书桌上?/成功转化

There is a book where? where=疑问词,前置句首,is解冲突
Where is there a book?有一本书在哪?/成功转化

There is how many book on the desk? how many book疑问词组前置句首is解冲突
How many book is there on the desk? how many+复数名词books,is变are
How many books are there on the desk?有多少书在书桌上?/成功转化

There is a book on which desk?which book=疑问词组,前置句首,is解冲突
Which desk is there a book on?which desk=疑问词组,前置句首,is解冲突
或→On which desk is there a book?On which desk疑问词组前置句首,解冲突
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常用句
How many eggs are there in the fridge?冰箱里有多少鸡蛋?
There are a few.  只有几个。*a few 代替C.(C.=可数名词)
How much milk is there in the fridge? 冰箱里有多少牛奶?
There is a little.只有一些。*a little 代替U.(U.=不可数名词)

How many eggs are there in the fridge?冰箱里有多少鸡蛋?
There are plenty.   有很多。*plenty 代替C./U.

How much milk is there in the fridge? 冰箱里有多少牛奶?
There is plenty.    有很多。
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第3课存在句\现在时 感叹形式
[规则]感叹词组"必须"置于句首,其后"必须"跟主语。
用what引导名词感叹词组,其它由how引导.

中=英↓用此方法翻译英文句子准确
*按照中文方式首先写出该句子再按照"2个必须"操作如:

There is what a new book on the desk!What a new book=感叹词组,前置句首
What a new book there is on the desk!
书桌上有一本多么新的书啊!中/成功转化
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第4课存在句\现在时 选择疑问形式
Is there a book or a pen on the desk?有一本书还是一支钢笔在书桌上?
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第5课存在句\现在时 反问形式
There is a book on the desk,isn't there? 有1本书在书桌上,不是吗?
There isn't a book on the desk,is there? 没有1本书在书桌上,有吗?
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第6课存在句\现在时 基本功训练
1.单词: name[neim]名字 game[geim]游戏 same[seim]同样 came[keim]来(过去时)
2.读音: a读[ei] e不读 c读[k][s]
3.有的字母不发音如:e[ ]不发音 如:name[neim]名字
4.将来=be 现在=am is are 过去=was were 完成=been 进行=being
5.存在句肯定形式be动词后为单数名词时用there is复数名词用there are.
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第7课存在句\现在时 典型例句 建议入门者暂不阅读 ↓
There aren't any left.没有存货。*There=虚拟主语
Are there any sweets left? 还有剩余的糖果吗?
*left=未用完或剩下的 *over=多出的
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<占有句/英式:I haven't got any left,I'm afraid 描写句.
我恐怕,我没有剩余的了.>*人=主语
Is there any cement[si`ment] over?有水泥多出来吗? *over=多出的
There's egg on your face.在你的脸上有蛋渣.*egg=物质/材料=不可数 *个体 =可数
可数:如 I had a boiled egg for breakfast.动态句
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There's no money left.没有钱了.*no+形容词是作副词用。
*no+复数,动词不加s.如 *No birds sing.动态句
There are three Janes and two Harrys in our family.
在我们家里有3个Janes和2个Harrys的。 
Here comes Aunt Alice.*这儿来了=这儿有=here be的变异形式又称倒装形式come=be.
艾丽斯婶婶来了。(注意: 只用教名)
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<占有句 美式:I have presents for the children.我有礼物给孩子们.*人=主语
Are there presents for me too?也有给我的礼物吗?*有时不用some/any表不确定
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<占有句 美式 :I have news for you.我有消息告示诉你.*人=主语

Is there news for me too?也有给我的消息吗?*有时不用some/any表不确定
There's a knock at the door. Who is it? -It's the postman.
   有人敲门.谁呀?--是邮递员.*a knock=it=人
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Don't turn (a)round*;there's someone following us.
不要回头,有人跟着我们。(+)
There's a bit of a smell in here.在这儿有一点难闻的味。
*in here=特指(范围已确定)
There are many way of learning a language.学习语言的方法有很多。
*of=动名词,如 learning
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There aren't any cars on the road at the moment.这会儿路上没有任何汽车

There isn't any traffic on the road at the moment.这会儿路上没有任何车辆往来。
There are hardly any eggs in the fridge.冰箱里简直没有什么鸡蛋。
There are a few eggs in the fridge. 冰箱里简直没有几个鸡蛋。
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现位现在时请学习者访问过去时*教学者请访问答疑部分
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请下载 here and there到处 there and back往返
there and then立即 over there那边

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英语10万个为什么?
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1.any some 修饰可数名词&不可数名词对吗为什么?:对的。如:
You can find any information on the Internet.
你可以在网路上找到任何资讯。动态句
I didn't see any cars in the street.我没看见任何车辆在马路上。动态句
The store has some computers for sale.这家商店有些电脑要出售。占有句
I shall be gone (for) some time.  我将要外出好些日子。动态句
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2.存在句 能变同义句吗为什么?[帮帮我好吗]答:not any = no 如
There isn't any milk in that bottle.
=There is no milk in that bottle.存在句那个瓶子里没有牛奶了。
I haven't got any money.=I have got no money.我没有钱了.占有句

There isn't any coffee in this tin.= There is no coffee in this tin.
在这个听里无咖啡。存在句
I haven't got any envelopes.= I have got no envelopes.我没有信封了.占有句
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3.one =可代表名词用为什么?其性质属于可数名词表述。

Is there a passport here?Yes,there is.*There's one on the table.
Do you like eggs?     Yes,I do.  *I like eggs,but I don't want one.
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4.some,any =可代表名词用为什么? 答:其性质属于不可数名词表述。

Is there any bread here?Yes,there is.*There's some on the table.
Do you like honey?    Yes,I do.  *I like honey,but I don't want any.
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5.存在句可替代占有句吗→为什么?:其性质属于同义句转换。:
You have a stain on your tie.你的领带上有污机迹。
There is a stain[stein] on your tie.你的领带上有污迹
You have sand in your hair.你的头发里有沙子。

There is sand in your hair.你的头发里有沙子。
There's a lot of flu about.=Many people have flu.
有许多人患流感.*about在传播中
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6.存在句可替代判断句吗→为什么?:其性质属于同义句转换。
:
What is in the basket?=What is there in the basket?篮子里面是/有什么?
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*答疑*请访问过去时 Welcome here again欢迎再来这里
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