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11.存在句/综合理解
现在时过去时将来时过去将来时完成时过去完成将来完成过将完现进其它综合
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第1课
there be存在句

定义 there be表示状态,在某时某处存在着某事物。离话语人稍远处。
There must be no more time wasted.不能再浪费时间了。<there+情态动词+be>
There must be a mistake somewhere.一定在什么地方出错了。
There used to be a small river on our campus.在我们大学校园里曾有过一条小河。

There has to be some trouble.一定有麻烦。<there has to be表‘一定,必须'>
There has to be connection关系户between school education and parents.
在学校教育和家长之间一定要有联系。

There is no telling what may happen.无从知晓会发生什么事?
*there is no ...无从/没有...
There is no use trying to explain.试图解释也没有用.
There is no need to hurry.不需要/没必要 着急。

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第2课 here be存在句

定义
here be表示状态,在某时某处存在着某事物.离话语人最近处。
Here is your book.你的书在这儿.(There is your book.你的书在那儿.)*倒装
=Here it is.(it=book) 它在这儿.(=There it is.[it=book]它在那儿.)*不须倒装
注意1 there/here+be引导时,主语=名词 须倒装.主语=代词 不须倒装.
注意2 there's, here's, where's+名词复数=非正式文体.
如 There's some children at the door. Here's your keys.
Where's those books I lent you? 我借给你的那些书籍在哪儿?

<here>相关链接↓Same here.彼此彼此!
Look here.注意!=See here[美]!听我说!
Stay here till I return.请在里等着我.
Here you/we are!请吧/就这儿吧/给吧!

Here's to you!=Here's how[美]! 干杯/敬你一杯/祝你健康!
*here's to+sb.敬某人1杯。
Here's to all our health!为我们大家的健康干杯!

Here the speaker paused for a while.讲到这里报告人停了一会.*pause[p ):z]暂停
Neither here nor there.(是)无关紧要。
He is here,reading a book.他是在这里,在看书呢。
He is here,sitting on the chair.他是在这里,正坐在椅子上呢。

Here! What are you doing? !你在干什么?
It's warm in here.在这里很暖和。
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第3课 there+V+to+be存在句

定义 表示状态或存在有不确定的事物。
There's likely to be a large audience.可能有许多观众。

There appears/seems to be little enthusiasm[in`θju:ziэezэm] for your idea.
人们好像对你的想法不大热心。
There seems to be a mistake in these figures.好象有一个错误在这些数字中。
There seems to be something wrong with you.你好象有些不舒服。
英语思维:好像有些不舒服同你.

There doesn't seem to be football match tomorrow.明天好象没有足球赛。
英语思维:好像没有足球赛在明天.<这是一例用现在时表将来的典型例句><本题是
金字塔2层,必须用do变化>
There seems to be something in what he says.他说的话似乎有道理.
There happened to be only one apple left.恰巧只剩下一只苹果了。

There appears to have been an accident.好象出了事故。
There appears to be strange smell here.这儿好象有种奇怪的味道。
There happened to be a book on the table.在桌子上碰巧有过1枝钢笔。

*以上是 there+seem\appear\happen\be likely to... + be 等的连用情形

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第4课 there+be存在句

定义 there be是be的一种变异现象.规则 there/here+be引导时,主语=名词 须倒装.
There goes the bell.铃响了。*the bell=名词=主语[倒装]
There comes the bus.=Here comes the bus.=Here it comes.瞧!公车来了.
*it=主语=代词[不须倒装] *考点之一.
比较:There is the teacher.老师(=名词)在那里.There she is.她(=代词)在那里。

There never mind.不要紧/好啊/好啦!
There came a knock at the door.有人敲门。
There fell a deep silence.突然一片静默。

There exists life on tne moon.月球上存在着生命。
There once occurred an earthquake here.这儿曾发生过一次地震。[э`kэ:]vi.发生
Suddenly there entered a beautiful lady all in white.突然进来一位全身着白服装的漂亮女士.

Long long ago,there lived a tiger in the forest.很久以前森林里住着个老虎。
Long,long ago there lived a wise king.从前,有一位聪明的国王。
There stands a weather station on the top of the hill.山顶上有一个气象站。

There remains[ri`mein](剩下v.) much to be done.还有许多事要做。
<本句中的 to+be+过分=不定式的被动形式作much 的后置定语>
There remain some problems to be solved.还有一些问题要解决。
<本句中的 to+be+过分=不定式的被动形式,作problem 的后置定语>

There will follow an
interval of five minutes.随后将有5分钟消息

Immediately afterwards there entered a
stern-looking man arrayed in a black frock.
这以后立刻进来了一个
身穿黑色曾袍表情严历的男人。

*以上是 there+happen\walk\arrive\sit... 等的连用情形
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第5there be存在句

定义 there be也是there be的变异现象,皆表示在某处有某物。
The word doesn't exist in English.英语中不存在这个字。
Snow is absent[`æbsэnt] in his country.雪是不存在的在他的国家。<句子必须会直译>
Those conditions no longer obtain.那些情形已不存在.
*[kэn`din]情形 *obtain[эb`tein]存在

No such person ever existed.这样的人从来没有存在过。
A few pears remain on the trees.在这棵树上面尚留几个梨子。
Do giraffes occur in Africa only?长颈鹿只存在于非洲吗?
*occur[э`kэ:]存在/出现/被发现
Japan lies to the east of China.日本(位于)中国的东面。

再如 你能用赵氏52英语中的某2种句子进行相互切换:
①The book is on the table.=There is a book on the table.特指某物在某处.=泛指某物在某处.
②HK has many universities.=There are many universities in HK.香港有许多大学.
*
指主语香港有某物时用的是占有句.=泛泛指有某物在某处时用了存在句.


The grade has five classes.=There are five classes in a grade.1个年级有5个班.
温馨提示 当占有句have\has的主语表示‘存在'或‘包括'意义时,可以用存在句there be 句型切换.

We've had a lot of rain lately.=There has been a lot of rain lately.我们当地最近下了很多雨.
*
指主语we有某物时用的是占有句.=泛泛指有某物在某处时用了存在句.
温馨提示 当占有句have\has的主语是We\they已经在人称意义上被淡化后,可以用存在句there be 句型切换.

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第6课 there being存在句

定义 there being表示动名词的一种存在状态,即在句中充当非谓语的成分。
There being nothing to do,we played games.在没有事情可做的情况下,我们玩起了游戏。

There bing an airport so near the residential area is a great disadvantage.
在居住地区附近有一个飞机场是一大劣势。
[,rezi`den∫эl]a.居住的;[,disэd`væntid3]n.vt.不利

She denied there being a misunderstanding误解between them.她否认他们之间有误解。

记单词 deny[di`nai]vt.否定;[`misΛndэ`stændiη]n.不和\误解
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第7课 用法多多的there

There,there!好了/得了!
You there.说你呢!So there!就那样办!OR:就是那样子。
Put the book there.把书放在那里!
Who is there,please.请问是哪位?

You had me there!还是你行!
You've got me there!你可难倒我了!
From there go on to Rome.从那里继续走可到达罗马城!

There she comes!嘿,她来了![写句首--来引起注意]
There the work is done.瞧,工作做好了.(动态句[被]>>现在时)
There,there,don't cry.好啦,好啦,不要哭了!
There you are!给你/你在这儿/你才来/你就完了!

请下载:therefore因此 therewith外加 therein在里面 thereby藉故/假借 thereafter之后 thereupon随即 thereabout(s)在附近
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第8课 阅读短文--存在句

His living-room is large.(描写句)他的客厅是大的。
There is a table in the room.客厅里有1张桌子。
There is a computer on the table.桌子上有1台电脑。
There is a picture in the room,too.客厅里还有1幅画。
There is a bird in the picture.画里有1只鸟。

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[陆续答疑]英语10万个为什么?这是页底

1.不许吸烟No smoking怎么写同义句→为什么?:用there be句型.它是存在句的省略文体。
如:
There is no smoking. =No smoking.不许吸烟。
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