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1判断句 写事物是什么的句子.

现在时 *基本公式:主+be+表(名词)*be变am,is,are=现在时
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A plane is a machine that can fly.飞机是一种能飞的机械.*从句/+
This expensive car is not what it's cracked up to be.
那部名贵之车不是有其应有的水平.+ *crack up崩溃 *cracked[krækt]狂的
Is it only a passing fad?那股子热劲过去了吗?*fad[fæd]一时流行
Yes,it is. No,it isn't.
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典型例句
What I like best is fishing.我最喜欢的是钓鱼
The only problem is you can't eat trees! 唯一的问题是你不能靠吃树为生
This is a day never to beforgotten忘记.这是令人难忘的一天
*to be forgotten=不定式的被动语态
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中/英转化法
*以下2个必须详见<赵氏52英语>p30,已由辽宁教育音像出版社出版
基础理论:疑问词或疑问词组必须写在句首,其后必须跟动词.*特殊疑问形式
Who knows what the future in store for you?
谁知道未来
等待着我们的是什么呢?中=英>>不用转化.
The man is who that is reading the book over there?
正在那边看书的人是谁?
Who is the man that is reading the book over there? 中/英成功转化.
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*请做中/英转化练习
Who is in
charge here?谁是这里的负责人?中=英/不用转化
It is you want to seemeabout what?
答案
What is it you want to see me about?
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2判断句 过去时*基本公式:主+be+表(名词)*be变was,were=过去时

While he was still a teenager,he was a big star.
他在十几岁时就是个大明星了.*主句的动作发生在从句的过程中
He was not a careerist on the climb.他不是1个向上爬的野心家。
Was he a careerist on the climb?他是1个向上爬的野心家?
Yes,he was. No,he wasn't.
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典型例句
All I did was (to)give him a little push.我所做的只是给了他一点儿推动。
All our work was in vain[vein].
我们所做的工作都白费了.*our work是all的同位语
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中/英转化法↓
You were where exactly in France?你当时在法国哪个确切地地方呀?
Where exactly were you in France?中/英成功转化.*Where exactly疑问词组
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*请做中/英转化练习
The results of the project were what?预测结果是什么?
答案 What were the results of the project?
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3 判断句/将来时*基本公式:主+will+be+表(名词)

*谓语是2个动词时,使用前1个动词变否,疑,答......*be不变=将来时

We shall be home quite soon now.我们这就快到家了。*谈结果,而非过程。
This road may not be the one we want.这条路不是我们要走的.*从句/+
Will he be the fifth commanding officer?

他将是第五任长官吗?*commanding[kэ`ma:ndiη]指挥的
Yes,he will. No,he won't.
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典型例句
At most,I will be away for two days.我至多离开两天.*谈结果,而非过程.
The big guy[gai]人standing at his side may be his bodyguard.
站在他身边的大个子可能是他的保镖.*[`b )di,ga:d]保镖.
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中/英转化法↓
Which big guy standing at his side may be his bodyguard保镖?中=
He when will be out of the hospital?他何时会出院?
When will he be out of the hospital?他何时会出院?中/英成功转化
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*请做中/英转化练习
They how can be the masters of country?何谓国之主?
答案
How can they be the masters of country?
You think it will be what(判断句)?你认为它会是什么?
答案
What do you think it will be?
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4 判断句 过去将来时

*基本公式:主+would +be+表(名词) **常见-->敬语形式
*谓语是2个动词时,使用前1个动词变否,疑,答......

They would be there by noon.他们中午就能到。
It wouldn't be in my interest[`intэrist] to do it.
 做这事不是为了我的
利益
Would you like to be my assistants?你们想当我的助手吗?
Yes,we would.No,we wouldn't.
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典型例句
Opening a restaurant now would be a big gamble.*现在分词短语=主语
现在去开一家餐馆要冒很大的风险。*gamble[`gæmbl]风险
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中/英转化法↓
His next job would be what? 他的下1个工作会是什么呢?
What would his next job be? 中/英成功转化
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*请做中/英转化练习
What would be an exciting plot情节? 中=英,不用转化
The logos标识 wouldlook like what?
答案
What would the logos look like? *look =过程判断

Our new carpet should be what colour?我们的新地毯会是什么颜色呢?
答案 What colour should our new carpet be?
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5判断句/完成时*基本公式:主+have+been+表(名词)

*谓语是2个动词时,使用前1个动词变否,疑,答...*be变been=完成时

This old house has been better days.这座老房子有过风光的日子。
He hasn't been in New York since he was born.
他至出世起就没有住在纽约过。
Has she ever been a world champion?她曾是1位世界冠军吗?
Yes,she has.No,she hasn't.
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典型例句
It has been a popular Christmas meal.它一直是流行的圣诞餐。
You have become part of our class,David,Welcome!
你成为我们班的1员.戴维,欢迎你!*非be系动词=虚拟判断
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中/英转化法↓
Your brother has been a soldier how long?你兄弟已经当兵多久了?
How long has your brother been a soldier?英成功转化
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*请做中/英转化练习
What food has been a popular Christmas meal?
什么食品一直是流行的圣诞餐?中=英
You when have everbeenon a ferry渡船?你曾何时乘过渡船吗?
答案 When have you ever been on a ferry?
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6判断句/过去完成时 *基本公式:主+had+been+表(名词)

Tom had已经beenin the garden花园how long
 when his mother heard听到him cry哭?

How long had Tom been in the garden
 when his mother heard him cry?中/
英成功转化
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7判断句/过去将来完成时 *基本公式:主+could+have+been+表(名词)

*谓语是3个动词时,使用前1个动词变否,疑,答...*be变been=完成时
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典型例句
It must have been a very arduous task to build the pyramids.
当时建造金字塔肯定是件万分艰巨的事.
*must=过去时,arduous[`a:djuэs]艰巨的,pyramid[`pirэmid]金字塔
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-->中/英转化法↓
Why it must have been a very arduous taskto build the pyramids?
当时为什么建造金字塔肯定是件万分艰巨的事?
Why must it have been a very arduous task to build the pyramids?
中/英成功转化
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1描写句:描写事物怎么样.

现在时 *基本公式:主+be+表(形容词) *be变am,is,are=现在时

Taking care of our environment is very inportant.
保护我们的环境非常重要。
It is not easy to learn a foreign language.
=To learn a foreign language is not easy.
Is it easy to learn a foreign language? 学习一门外语容易吗?
Yes,it is. No,it isn't.
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典型例句
To be a doctor for animals is very rewarding[ri`w ):iη]有报酬的.
当兽医很值得的.
Feeling good about yourself is essential to feeling good about life.
自尊自爱是享受生活保证

The idea seems fine but we need to try it out in practice.
这个想法似乎很不错,但我们需要实地试试。
*非be系动词=虚拟描写*try out试验
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-->中/英转化法↓
Who makes sure that all the lights are off before he goes to bed?
谁在就寝之前都要去看看是不是
所有的灯都关掉了?
*make sure that确认 *非be系动词=虚拟描写 中=英/不用转化
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*请做中/英转化练习
Which哪些 of the man's vegetables are more expensive?=英/不用转化
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2描写句/过去时 *基本公式:主+be+表(形)*be变was,were=过去时

He was afraid(that) he would forget his Chinese.
Whatever she said wasn't true. 她说的一切都不是事实。
*Whatever she said=主语从句
Were your efforts[`efэts] useless[`ju:lis]?你们的努力白费了吗?
Yes,they were. No,they weren't.
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典型例句:
Nobody having any more to say,the meeting was closed.
既然没有人再发言,会议就结束了。
*having的主语是nobody,句子的主语是the meeting.
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中/英转化法↓
Who was that rude[ru:d]?谁是如此地粗鲁?
*that/那么=副词,修饰形容词.中=英/不用转化. .............................................................................
*请做中/英转化练习
Who used to be so quiet? 谁过去曾是沉默寡言? 中=英/不用转化. .............................................................................

3描写句/将来时 *基本公式:主+will+be+表(形)

*谓语是2个动词时,使用前1个动词变否,疑,答...再借do.

Fire can be very useful,but it can also be very harmful?
It will not be dark until half past six.天不到6:30天是不会暗的。
Can his glasses turn dark in the sun?
他的眼镜在阳光下能变暗
吗?*非be描写句
Yes,it can. No,it can't.
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典型例句
It will be better if she stays with her mother.
如果她同妈妈住在一起会好一些。
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中/英转化法
Whose glasses can turn dark in the sun?
谁的眼镜在阳光下能变暗?
中=英>>不用转化. .............................................................................
*请做中/英转化练习
Why chemicals can be harmful to fish in the water?
为什么
化学物质可能对水中的鱼类有害
?
答案 Why can chemicals be harmful to fish in the water?
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4描写句/过去将来时

*基本公式:主+would+be+表(形)*常见表现为-->敬语形式
*谓语是2个动词时,使用前1个动词变否,疑,答...再借do.

I thought she would be all right in a few days.
我想她几天以后就会完全恢复健康的。
She wouldn't be so kind as to show you the way to the airport.
她不可能指点你去机场的路了。
Would you be kind enough to tell me how to plant trees?
你能否告诉我怎么种树吗?
Yes,I would. No,I wouldn't.
*be不变=将来时 *有动词would时,直接变否,疑,答
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典型例句
People who use credit cards to buy things online shouldbe very careful.
使用信用卡在网上购物的人应小心谨慎。
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中/英转化法 What kind of ads广告 could be dangerous?中=英:不用转化. ................................................................................
*请做中/英转化练习
It would be how to start tomorrow?明天启程如何?
答案 How would it be to start tomorrow?
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