赵氏52英语网 www.w52w.com & www.52英语.com

2.动态被动过去时

现在时过去时将来时过去将来时完成时过去完成时将来完成时过去将来完成时进行时

过去进行时 将来进行时 过去将来进行时 现在完成进行时 过去完成进行时其它时态

 

1动态被动过去时公式:主+be+过分+其它 *be=was were

*过分=过去分词/过去式=除不规则外都是过去式 *用动词be变否定,疑问...(2个动词前者变)

[操作方法]1.主←→宾换位. 2.谓→前+be. 3.主→前+by. 4.其它原位.

过去时:主动→被动>>比较↓

肯(主动) They played football.  他们踢了足球.*主语+谓语+宾语

肯(被动) Football was played by them. 足球被他们踢了.主语(原宾)+be+谓语+by+原主语[宾格]

否(主) They didn't play football. 他们没踢足球. 主语+谓语+宾语(1个动词借did+not)

否() Football wasn't played by them.足球没被他们踢.主语(原宾)+be+谓语+by+原主语[宾格]

 *2个动词前者变,用be.不再借do,勿忘!

疑(主) Did they play football? 他们踢足球了吗?

疑() Was football played by them?  足球被他们踢了吗?主语(原宾)+be+谓语+by+原主语[宾格]

答(主) Yes, they did. No,they didn't. *did问,did答,记住没啥!

答() Yes,it was. No, it wasn't. *was问,was答,记住没啥!

2动态被动过去时 特问形式

*2个必须:疑问词/疑问词组"必须"置于句首.疑问词/疑问词组后面"必须"有动词.

*用此方法翻译英文句子准确*按照中文方式首先写出该句子,再按照"2个必须"操作 如:

主动:中 They why played football? 中=英↓(why=疑问词,前置句首.借do解冲突↓)

 英 Why did they play football?他们为什么玩了足球?*Why did除外=中文


被动:中 Football why was played by them? (why=疑问词,前置句首.be解冲突↓)

 英 Why was football played by them? 足球为什么被他们踢了?*Why was 除外=中文


主动:中=英 Who played football?谁们踢了足球?

被动:中 Football was played by whom?  *whom=疑问词,前置句首.be解冲突 中=英↓

 英 Whom was football played by? 足球被踢了由谁们? *借助中式英语翻译准确,勿忘!

 =Who was football played by?  *无by限制时可用who. *Who was 除外=中文

 =By whom was football played? *by限制时用宾格:whom. *Whom was 除外=中文

3动态被动过去时 选择疑问形式

选择主动 Did they play football or basketball?他们玩了足球还是篮球?

选择被动 Was football played or not?是足球被玩了还是没有呢?

4动态被动过去时 反问疑问形式

反问主动 They played football,didn't they? 他们踢了足球,不是吗?

They didn't play football ,did they? 他们没有踢足球,是吗?

反问被动 Football was played, wasn't it? 足球被踢了,不是吗?

反问被动 Football wasn't played, was it? 足球没有被踢,是吗?

5动态被动过去时 理论帮助

口诀: 一颠倒,二落下,加二个词,全会了.

一颠倒:主语与宾语换位。二落下:其它原位落下。加二个词:be+谓语前,by+原主语前

[理论帮助]1.主←→宾换位. 2.谓→前+be. 3.主→前+by. 4.其它原位.

主动公式:主语( 人)+谓语(动作)+宾语(动词关涉的对象),变否定疑问和简答时借did变化.

被动公式:宾语+be+谓语+by+主语,变否定疑问和简答时用be.两个动词前者变,越学越简单.

实践检验1:  主动 被动

肯:They learned English.  他们学了英语。 English was learnt by them.

否:They didn't learn English. 他们没学英语。 English wasn't learnt by them.

疑:Did they learn English?  他们学英语了吗? Was English learnt by them?

答:Yes,they did.  是的,他们学了。 Yes,it was.

No,they didn't.  不,他们没学。No,it wasn't.

实践检验2:  主动 被动

肯:He learned English. 他学了英语。  English was learnt by him.

否:He didn't learn English.  他没学英语。  English wasn't learnt by him.

疑:Did he learn English?   他学英语了吗?  Was English learnt by him?

答:Yes,he did. 是的,他学了。  Yes,it was.

No,he didn't.   不,他没学。 No,it wasn't.

6动态被动过去时 典型例句:建议入门者暂不阅读 ↓

This was given to me by the colleague of a friend of mine. *of引导的介词短语是并列定语。

这是我1个朋友的同事给我的。*-eague[-i:g]

Wilson was elected (the) President of the USA.威尔逊被选为美国总统.*可省略the

=Wilson became (the) President of the USA. *选后结果--成为总统 *可省略the

现位置被动过去时学习者请访问将来时*教学者访问课后答疑1 2 3...

 

[为您答疑]英语10万个为什么?建议入门者暂不阅读------页底

1.他就是那个人,家里的藏画被盗了。汉译英用被动吗→为什么? :用。因为主题是宾语。

*先结果+后补充:中式 He is the man the pictures were stolen from whose(=his) house.

*whose house引导:英式 He is the man whose house the pictures were stolen from.

   =He is the man from whose house the pictures were stolen from.

2.She showed me the phone.能变出2个被动吗→为什么? :能.因为有2个宾语。

I was showed the phone by her. 她给我看了照片。

The phone was showed to me by her. 她给我看了照片。

同类:bring/take/give/hand/lend/pass/pay/play/read/write/sell/tell/send/show/sing/teach/

throw/serve/offer提供/owe[ou]欠/post/promise许诺/recommend推荐/grant[gra:nt]许可

3.主/被动过去时能组成简短对话吗为什么?:能。强调主语时用主动形式.强调宾语时用被动形式

如 Did anyone open this window?Someone opened it. --- It was opened this morning.

有人打开这扇窗户了吗?(主)有人打开了这扇窗户。(主)它是今天早晨打开的。()

如 Did anyone open these windows?Someone opened them.-They were opened this morning.

有人打开这些窗户了吗?(主)有人打开了这些窗户。(主)它们是今天早晨打开的.(被)

*Now you do the same.现在你做同样的题。

1.Did anyone air this room? 2.Did anyone clean these rooms?

4.be=get对吗为什么?:对。都是系动词。

Our team got beaten several.我们的队被打败几次。

Tom got arrested.=Tom was arrested.Tom被逮捕了。

现位置为您答疑*请学/教者访问将来时 Welcome here again(欢迎再来这里).

判/描/存/占/:少//初/高/大/中专/自学/词法/词记忆/疑/否/答/从/倒/3非/语法/10词/[2]法/译技/首1/简2/目录

★ 访问这里大吉 ! * 建议:你来同我们一起办大教育=兴国+为民+利己 T: 024---81887558 她会使您的爱国心悄然地被激活,理想与人生价值无意中被提升!

网页设计与制作:那鹏(QQ:200826801)  服务器架设与维护:赵金晴(QQ:47482677)
copyright ©2007 赵氏52英语网版权所有