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5.动态被动完成时

现在时过去时将来时过去将来时完成时过去完成时将来完成时过去将来完成时进行时

过去进行时 将来进行时 过去将来进行时 现在完成进行时 过去完成进行时其它时态

 

1动态被动完成时肯定形式 公式:主+have+been+过分+其它

定义:强调宾语已经被......

肯(主动)Someone has opened the windon. 有人已经打开这扇窗户。

肯(被动)It has already been opened.它已经被打开了。

One pear has been eaten. 吃了一个梨。

Two pears have been eaten. 吃了两个梨。

*过分=过去分词=过去式=除不规则外都是过去式 *2个动词前者变否定,疑问...

 *口诀:两个动词前者变,越学越简单.

2动态被动完成时 否定形式

This has never been heard of before.此事从未听说过。*肯=否,非not/no形式

3动态被动完成时 疑问形式

What,he has been sacked? 什么,他被解雇了?*肯=疑,非动词引导

4动态被动完成时 特问形式

Who has been selected to take part in the project?挑选哪位来参与这项计划呢?*[si`lekt]挑选

Well,what has been done can't be undone.哎,已经无法挽回.*what引导的主语从句*6个动词的排列

5动态被动完成时 典型例句: 建议入门者暂不阅读 ↓

Two words have been crossed out.          有2个词已经被删除了。

You have been taken in by him.            你是遭他骗了。

We have been invited to their daughter's wedding. 我们被邀请去参加他们女儿的婚礼

This matter has really been botched up.      此事办得真窝囊

This new product has been put on the market.     这种新产品已投放市场。

Everything that can be done has been done. 能做的一切都做了。*6个动词的排列现象

*that引导的定语(将来被动)修释主语Everything.

This book has been translated from English into Chinese.这本书已经由英语翻译成汉语。

=This book has been translated out of English into Chinese.*out of从=from

This custom has been handed done since the 18th century.此风俗从18世纪开始流传下来。

This achievement has never been improved[im`pru:vd] on. 成就从未有人超过。

All means have been used to get him to change his mind.为转变他的想法所有的办法都用过了.

*means[mi:nz](手段/方法)这个词后面跟动词的单数还是复数,取决于它前面的定语.如↓

(*One means is still to be tried. 有1种办法还可以试一试。*be to=be going to )

This business has been run by father and son for 20 years.*成对事物不用冠词=零冠词

这家商店由他们父子经营已有20年了。*and暗含冠词

We will know the results of the election after the votes have been counted.*after引导分句
选票统计后,我们就可以知道选举的结果了。

The Owens will move to a new flat when their baby has been born.*when引导分句=动/完 孩子出生以后,欧文斯全家将搬到1套新的房子去住。

=The Owens will move to a new flat when their baby is born.

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[为您答疑]英语10万个为什么? 建议入门者暂不阅读 页底

1.怎么将不同被动形式组成简短对话呢为什么?:不同的结果在不同的时间里发生着。

如[主] Hasn't anyone opened the window yet?还没有人打开这扇窗户吗?*完/否/疑

[被] It hasn't been opened yet.还没有被打开呢.*完/否

[被] It will be opened tomorrow.明天它被打开.*将

2.already=肯 yet=否/疑为什么?:能更准确地表述,是同该时态配合的结果。

如[主] Hasn't anyone aired this room yet?还没有人通风这个房间吗? *完/否/疑

[主] Someone has aired it.某人已经通风了它.*完/否

[被] It has already been aired.它已经被通风了.*完

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