赵氏52英语网www.w52w.com 动态句\被动语态\现在时

定义:强调宾语时用被动*用动词be变否定,疑问...(2个动词前者变)
[操作方法]1.主←→宾换位. 2.谓→前+be. 3.主→前+by. 4.其它原位.
现在时:主动+被动=进行比较↓<原宾语+be+原谓语的过分词+by+原主语>
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肯(主动)They play football.他们踢足球.*主语+谓语+宾语
肯(被动)Football is played by them.足球被他们踢.主语(原宾)+be+谓语+by+原主语[宾格]

否(主)They don't play football.他们不踢足球.主语+谓语+宾语(1个动词借do+not)
否(被)Football isn't played by them.足球不被他们踢.*主语(原宾)+be+谓语+by+原主语[宾格]
*2个动词前者变,用be.不再借do,勿忘!

疑(主)Do they play football?他们踢足球吗?
疑(被)Is football played by them?足球被他们踢吗?主语(原宾)+be+谓语+by+原主语[宾格]

答(主)Yes, they do. No,they don't.*do问,do答,记住没啥
答(被)Yes,it is. No, it isn't.*is问,is答,记住没啥!
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被动\现在时 特问形式 [中/英转化法]

2个必须:疑问词/疑问词组"必须"置于句首.疑问词/疑问词组后面"必须"有动词。
疑问词组=how +形容词/副词 如:how old how much
疑问词=what which whose when where why who whom(8W) how(1H)
疑问词组=what/which/whose +名词 如:what time
*when where why who whom=只能独立使用(无疑问词组)
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52英语:中转英↓用此方法翻译英文句子准确
*按照中文方式首先写出该句子,再按照"2个必须"操作如:
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主动:
They why play football?中=英↓*why=疑问词,前置句首.借do解冲突↓
Why do they play football?他们为什么玩足球?*Why do除外=中文,中/英成功转化

被动:
Football why is played by them?*why前置句首,be解冲突↓中转英↓
Why is football played by them?足球为什么被他们?*Why is 除外=中文,中/英成功砖化
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主动:中=英 Who play football?谁们踢足球?
被动:
Football is played by whom? *whom,前置句首,be解冲突 中=英↓
Whom is football played by?足球被玩由谁们?*借助中式英语翻译准确,勿忘!
=Who is football played by?*无by限制时可用who.*Who is 除外=中文,中/英成功砖化
=By whom is football played ?*by限制时用宾格:whom.*Whom is 除外=中文,中/英成功砖化
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3
被动\现在时
选择疑问形式

选择主动 Do they play football or basketball?他们每天玩足球还是篮球?
选择被动 Is football played or not?是足球被玩还是否定呢?
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被动\现在时
反问疑问形式

反问主动They play football,don't they?他们踢足球,不是吗?
  They don't play football,do they?他们不踢足球,是吗?

反问被动 Football is played, isn't it?足球被踢,不是吗?
反问被动 Football isn't played, is it?足球没被踢,是吗?
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5
被动\现在时
理论帮助[1]

口诀:一颠倒,二落下,加二个词,全会了.

1.颠倒:主语与宾语换位.2.落下:其它原位落下.3.加2个词:be+谓语前,by+原主语前

[理论帮助]1.主←→宾换位.2.谓→前+be.3.主→前+by.4.其它原位.
主动公式:主(人)+谓(动作)+宾(动词关涉的对象),变否/疑/答时借do/does变化.
被动公式:宾语+be+谓语+by+主语,变否定疑问和简答时用be.
[规则]两个动词前者变,越学越简单。
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实践检验1:主动 变被动

They learn English.  他们学英语。 English is learnt by them.
They don't learn English.他们不学英语.English isn't learnt by them.
Do they learn English? 他们学英语吗?Is English learnt by them?
Yes,they do. 是的,他们学.Yes,it is.<English=it=新主语>
No,they don't. 不,他们不学. No,it isn't.
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实践检验2:主动变被动

He learns English. 他学英语。  English is learnt by him.
He doesn't learn English.他不学英语。English isn't learnt by him.
Does he learn English? 他学英语吗?Is English learnt by him?
Yes,he does. 是的,他学。Yes,it is.
No,he doesn't. 不,他不学。 No,it isn't.
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被动\现在时
理论帮助[2]

1.借do变化时,动词后面的"s"转移给助动词do→does("o"结尾的动词+es)
2.句中有does时,learns→learn(原形)"s"只在1个动词身上体现,勿忘!
3.判断句,当描写句和存在句出现过is和占有句出现过has时,请注意"s"现象.
4.he she it作主语时,动态句谓语动词也要+s于词后,如:learn-→learns.

※5.he she it作主语时,以"s"作标记.(教材称为“第3人称单数现在时”)
6.被动公式:两个动词前者变,越学越简单.

*助动词do/does现在时可以借来变否/疑...绝不可借am is are代替do,否则错误。
*助动词=did过去时可以借来变否/疑...绝不可借be代替do,否则错误。

*过分:过去分词*除不规则外都是过去式 *用动词be变否/疑...(2个动词前者变).
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被动\现在时
典型例句

How much is left?剩下多少?*注意句中省略of的情况
None(of it).一点都没有了.*注意句中省略of和使用of的情况
Part of it.一部分.*注意句中使用of的情况

The rest of it.有点剩余.*注意句中使用of的情况
How many are left?剩下几个?*注意句中省略of的情况
None(of them).一个都没有了。*注意句中省略of和使用of的情况:

Part of/The rest of them.一部分/有点剩余。*注意句中使用of的情况

Dinner is served.正餐摆好了。*serve供应/送达/服务
Football is played all over the world.全世界都有人踢足球。

Glass is made from sand.玻璃是由沙子制成的.*glass=材料=不可数
*物件/物体=可数(可数:如 I broke a glass this morning.动态句/主动)

This steak is cooked just as I like it.这牛排正式按我喜欢的方式做的。
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This steak is cooked just how I like it.*as=how/the way 引导的方式状语
=
This steak is cooked just the way I like it.

Reading is taught early.识字教育开始得早。*reading=不可数=一般性
*特殊性=可数(可数 : Mary gave a reading of her poems.Mary朗读了她的诗.)

If planted in a rich soil,the tree will grow very quickly.
如果栽在肥沃的土壤里,这棵树将会长得很快.
=If it is planted in a rich soil,the tree will grow very quickly.
*if+Ved=If引导的分句

Keeping dogs is not allowed in my apartment.我的公寓不准养狗。
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