赵氏52英语网 www.w52w.com & www.52英语.com

2.动态句过去时

///过将//过完/将完/过将完//过进/将进/过将进/现完进/过完进/将完进/过将完进/其它/综合

第1课

动态句过去时 公式:主+谓+宾

定义:写动作在过去的表现形式...

谓语动词不固定 -→借did变化.*过去时时态只体现在一个动词身上。

肯 I saw an advertisement in the web page.我在网页上看见了一处广告.

否 I didn't see an advertisement in the web page.我在网页上没看见广告.

疑 Did you see an advertisement in the web page? 你在网页上看见一处广告了吗?

答 Yes,I did. No ,I didn't.

常用句 Parents attended the meeting.父母亲参加了会议。

I just swept in here.这里我刚刚扫过.*in here=特指(范围已确定)

The children ran (a)round* the park.孩子们围着公园跑。*美Around,英用round.

I bought a new hat.---Not another one!我买了一顶新帽子.又买了一顶啊!*not表示惊讶

第2课 动态句过去时 特问形式[中/转化法]

2个必须:疑问词/疑问词组"必须"置于句首.疑问词/疑问词组后面"必须"有动词

用此方法翻译英文句子准确*按照中文方式首先写出该句子,再按照"2个必须"操作 如:

特 中 Who saw an advertisement in the web page? 中=英↓

 英 Who saw an advertisement in the web page? 谁在网页上看见了一处广告?

中 Who didn't see an advertisement in the web page?(中=英)

英 Who didn't see an advertisement in the web page? 谁在网页上没看见广告?

中 You where saw an advertisement?*where前置,did解冲突,再按照"2个必须"操作

英 Where did you see an advertisement? /成功转化: 你在什么地方看见了广告?

中 You did what yesterday?*what前置,did解冲突,再按照"2个必须"操作

英 What did you do yesterday? /成功转化: 你昨天干什么了?

常用句:How much time did you spend in China?你在中国呆了多久?

Which boys rang the doorbell? --The ones in the street. 是哪些孩子按的门铃?是街上的那几个

How much did they offer you?他们给你提供了多少?---Not enough! 不多!not+enough=不多

第3课 动态句过去时 选择疑问形式

选 Did they play football or basketball?他们玩足球还是篮球了?

第4课 动态句过去时 反问形式

反 They played football,didn't they?他们踢足球了,不是吗?

 They didn't play football,did they?他们没踢足球,是吗?

第5课 动态句过去时 感叹形式

 2个必须:感叹词组"必须"置于句首,其后"必须"跟主语,用what引导名词作感叹词组,其它由how引导.

 中=英↓用此方法翻译英文句子准确*按照中文方式首先写出该句子再按照"2个必须"操作如:

A.感叹形式

[一般感叹] They ran fast! 他们跑的快!中= 英

[中度感叹] They ran very fast! 他们跑的很快!中= 英

B.感叹形式

中=英→[强烈感叹]They ran how fast!*how fast =感叹词组"必须"置于句首

  英→ How fast they ran! 他们跑的多么快呀!*无very./成功转化.

中=英→ We had what fun!*what fun =感叹词组"必须"置于句首

  英→ What fun we had!我们玩得多开心./成功转化.

C.感叹形式

对动词感叹时谓语动词禁止提前!

中=英→They how want to ran fast!*how=感叹词"必须"置于句首

  英→How they want to ran fast!他们多么想更快地跑呀!/成功转化.

  The children made such a mess!*such=what(用肯定形式) 孩子们弄得这么混乱!

D.感叹形式

1.what/how 译作“多么”,what/how是感叹句的引导词。

2.感叹形式中,感叹词组必须置于句首,其最后一个词为非名词时用how引导。

3.感叹句公式:感叹词组+主语+谓语+''!''.主语谓语去掉也成立.如:How fast! 多么快呀!

第6课 动态句过去时 要点

1.有助动词did时,原动词恢复原形.2.对动词提问用do和what.例如:

中式(现在时)I learn English.You do what? *what置于句首再按照"2个必须"操作

英式(现在时)What do you do? 你干什么? *有do也借do/成功转化.

中式(过去时)I learned English.You did what?*what置于句首再按照"2个必须"操作

英式(过去时)What did you do? 你干了什么?*有do也借do /成功转化.

第7课 动态句过去时 基本功训练:

advertisement 广告 ad 广告(advertisement的缩写)

如 Advertisement helps to sell goods.广告有助于推销商品。

8动态句过去时典型例句 建议入门者暂不阅读

As many as five thousand people attended the meeting.
多达5千人参加了这次会议。*as如此+many多+as象5千人=多达

John didn't find us in so he left a message.约翰发现我们不在家,于是留1个便条。 *并列关系/so连接

John told me I needn't wait.约翰告诉我不必等了。*主从关系 *直接宾语=从句动态句中含动态句

I came here on the local bus.我乘当地的公共汽车来这儿的.*特指时改by为 on the/that*通指用by

A Mr Tom phoned and left a message for you.Tom先生给您打来电话并留了言。*谓语并列

I looked up and saw a plane.我抬头看见一架飞机.*第1次提到用a/an *谓语并列

* It was one coffee we ordered, not two.我们要的是一杯咖啡,不是两杯。     *表语扩张*we ordered =动态句/过去时,充当coffee的定语(判断句中含动态句

* I'm angry at what he said. 我为他所说的那些话而生气。(描写句中含动态句)       *what引导的从句=动态句/过去时,充当at的宾语

“How well Tom plays!”the teacher said.*直接引语:“Tom演奏得多好度呀!”,那位老师说道。

The teacher exclaimed[iks`kleim] how well Tom played.老师惊叹道Tom演奏得多好呀.*:过+

“Happy New Year to you all!”she said.*直接引语:“祝愿你们大家新年快乐!”他说道。

He wished us all a Happy New Year.*间接引语:他祝愿我们大家新年快乐。

“Congratulations!”she said. *直接引语:“祝贺你!”,她说道。*s= 现在时

She congratulated me.*间接引语:她向我道贺.*ed=过去时

*The architect[`a:kitekt] who designed this block won a prize.设计这撞大楼建筑师获奖了。   *who引导的动态句充当扩张主语的定语(动态句中含动态句**design[di`zain]设计

*The sugar you buoght yesterday has got damp.昨天你买的受潮n.了.(占有句)      *动态句充当扩张主语的定语(占有句中含动态句→过去时) *damp/a.n.vt.vi.

Are they the ones who moved here recently? 是最近搬到这儿来的那些人吗?判断句+动态句)     *who引导的定语=动态句→过去时(判断句中含动态句

It's three years since we last met.自从我们上次见面以来已有三年了.判断句中含动态句)     *since 引导的时间状语从句=动态句→过去时

现位置过去时*学/者请访问将来时

 

[陆续答疑] 英语10万个为什么? 建议入门者暂不阅读 页底

1.This is where I grew up.有同义句吗→为什么? :有.是不同形式的→表语。

=This is the place where I grew up.这是我生长的地方.*where引导的定语

=This is the place which I grew up in.*which引导的定语

=This is the place in which I grew up.*in which引导的定语

=This is the place I grew up in.*省略which引导的定语

2.That wasn't the reason he lied to you.有同义句吗→为什么:有.用不同形式的→引导词。

=That wasn't the reason that he lied to you.那不是他对你撒谎的原因。

=That wasn't the reason why he lied to you.*why=that

=That wasn't the reason for which he lied to you.*for which=that

3.肯 I met Jane and her husband.有同义句吗→为什么:有。both加在Jane前。

=I met both Jane and her husband.我遇见了简和她的丈夫俩人。

否 I didn't meet either Jane or her husband.有同义句吗→为什么?:有.either+or=2者都...。

=I met neither Jane nor her husband.简和她的丈夫我都没遇见。

4.用‘也’/‘也不’能说简短对话吗为什么? :能.其性质属于动作的同感表述。

如 I met him. 我遇见了他。→So did I. 我也是.→I met him,too. 我也遇见了他。

如 I didn't meet him.我没有遇见他。Neither did I.我也是。I didn't meet him,either.我也没有遇见他。

*So换Neither too换either 请记忆.(So及Neither引导的句子=倒装句)

5.not any =nothing 能说简短对话吗为什么? : 能。其性质属于动作的同感表述。

如 Did you hear anything? 你听见什么了吗?

No,I didn't hear anything.不.我没有听见什么。

I heard nothing. 我没听见什么。

6.not anyone =no one能说简短对话吗为什么? :能。其性质属于动作的同感表述。

如 Did you meet anyone? 你遇见某人了吗?

No,I didn't meet anyone. 不,我没有遇见任何人。

I met no one. 我谁也没遇见。

7.not anywhere =nowhere能说简短对话吗为什么?:能.其性质属于动作的同感表述。

如 Did you go anywhere? 你去某处了吗?

No,I didn't go anywhere.不,我没有去任何地方。

I went nowhere.我没有去某处。

8.not anyone =nobody 能说简短对话吗为什么? :能.其性质属于动作的同感表述。

如 Did you write to anybody? 你给某人写信了吗?

No,I didn't write to anybody. 不,我没有给任何人写信。

I write to nobody. 我没有给谁写信。

9.判断句+动态句 变从句能吗为什么? :能。其性质属于句中句表述。

如 She is the nurse. She looked after me. 她就是那位护士 。她看护了我。

中 She is the nurse who looked after me.中=英 shewho=引导词. (引导词+句子=从句)

英 She is the nurse who looked after me. 她就是看护了我的那位护士。*引导词=重复部分=she

如 She is the nurse. I met her yesterday. 她就是那位护士 。我昨天遇见了她。

中 She is the nurse I met whom yesterday.中=英 *前无动词制约who也可用。shewhom=引导词.

英 She is the nurse who/whom I met yesterday. 她就是我昨天遇见了的那位护士。/成功转化.

如 These are the things. I bought them yesterday.这些就是那些东西。我昨天买了它们。

中 These are the things. I bought which yesterday.中=英*which=them=引导词=重复部分.

英 These are the things which I bought yesterday. 这些就是我昨天买下的那些东西。/成功转化.

现位置为您答疑*请学/教者访问将来时 Welcome here again(欢迎再来这里)

判/描/存/占/////////词法/词记/儿教/小教/中教/高教/专教/大教/成教/首1/简2/目录

*访问这里大吉! *建议你来同我们一起就地办教育=兴国+为民+利己 T:024-81887558 她会使您的爱国心悄然地被激活,理想与人生价值无意中被提升!

网页设计与制作:那鹏(QQ:200826801)  服务器架设与维护:赵金晴(QQ:47482677)
copyright ©2007 赵氏52英语网版权所有