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4.动态句过去将来时

///过将//过完/将完/过将完//过进/将进/过将进/现完进/过完进/将完进/过将完进/其它/综合

第1课

动态句过去将来时 肯定形式 公式:主+would+v+其它

定义:写动态中过去的想象事物。

It might rain.     天可能下雨.

She might be able to help you.她也许能帮助你。*might+be able to(=can)=也许能

A light lunch should suffice me.    有一点午饭就我吃了.

A general should fight a general,a trooper a trooper. 将对来,兵对

A hat should match the clothes.     帽子应该和衣服相称.

A few words would make everything clear. 三言两语就把话说明白了.

A gold necklace would do nicely[`naisli]. 金项链会很恰当.*nicely[`naisli]=恰当地

A holiday would perk[得意] you up.   一放假你就快活了.

A little discipline[`disiplin] would do him dood. 略加惩处对他有好处.

A little discipline would do them a lot of dood. 略加惩处对他们大有好处.

A nice girl would never go there.  好女孩决不会去那里.

A person of character would not cheat.  品德高尚的人是决不会欺诈的.

I might be able to help you one day. 我有一天可能会帮助你.

I'd like some more chips.*'d like=want  我想炸土豆片。*量词+more直接用于名词前.

I'd like some more milk.     我想牛奶。   *量词+more直接用于名词前.

I'd like much less of that soup.    那汤我不要那么多。  *much less远没有,更谈不上

=Much less soup please. 请不要给那么多汤。

=I want much less please.  请不要给我那么多。

典型例句: 建议入门者暂不阅读 ↓

All nations should work for peace.所有的国家都应为和平而工作.

I'd like some apples. 我想要几个苹果.*would like(早)想要*want想要

*I don't want any apples. 我不想要苹果。*want=现在时 *临时否定用现在时

Students who want more information should apply in writing. *who引导的定语从句修饰 Students.      学生们要想得到更多的信息应提出书面申请(+)

If a student wants more information, he or she should apply in writing. *if引导条件状语从句      有学生要想得到更多的信息 ,应提出书面申请。(+)

One should give himself/herself a holiday from time to time. 人们应该不时地给自己1次休假。      *以上在美国英语中one's可以用his/her,而oneself可以用himself/herself来代替。

She was very ill,but the doctors were able to save her. 她病得很重,但医生们把她治好了.(+)

I would stay and help you if I can.(but I can't=但我不能=虚拟语气)如果可能的话我愿留下来帮助你.

Compare:I will stay and help you if I can (I may be able to=也许我能=真实语气)       比较:如果可能我将留下来帮助你.

At that time I thought I'd never see my parents again.那时我想决不再见我的父母了.

Direct[di`rekt;dai`rekt] speech: I'll never see my parents again. *Direct speech=直接讲话

I promised that I would repay the money they had lent me. 我答应会还他们借给我的钱.        <*would repay=intended to repay=打算偿还>

I asked if they would mend the watch as soon as possible. 我问他们是否愿意尽可能快的修理这块表.     <*would mend=were willing to mend=乐于修理>

I tried to explain the problem to Tom,but he would keep interrupting me.我试图向Tom解释这个问题,  但他不停地打断我.<insisted on interrupting=被不停地打断 *would决心 *insist坚持 *interrupt打断>

I tried to explain the problem to Mary,but she wouldn't listen.我试图对Mary解释这个问题,但她不听. <refused to listen=拒绝倾听 *wouldn't=refuse[ri`fju:z]拒绝>

When I asked them to help,they wouldn't lift a finger. 我请求帮助时,他们连个手指都不抬. <‘refused to lift a finger' to help 拒绝给予任何帮助>

2动态句过去将来时 否定形式

She wouldn't mind taking care of our children. *taking引导的现在分词短语=宾语  她不会介意照料我们的孩子的。*take care of=照料

I was unable to swim under water for more than two minutes.(=I couldn't swim)  我在水下潜游不能超过两分钟。

No one seemed able to help.好象没谁能帮得上忙。*seem=be=系动词

I would like to be able to afford a new car. 我真希望能有钱买部新车.

*afford常与can,could,be able to 连用=买得起 *因can无不定式,故用be able to来代替。

Tom wouldn't help you,even if you begged him.Tom不会帮你,即使你求他.*would是will的虚拟+否定=拒绝

Compare:Jack won't help you,even if you beg him.比较:杰克不会帮你,即使你求他.

第3课 动态句过去将来时 疑问形式 *2个动词前者变疑问,否定......

Could I borrow your bicycle? 我可以借一下你的自行车吗?

Could I cadge a lift with you?我能顺便搭乘您的汽车吗? *cadge占便宜

Could I have 2 pounds of cherries,please?请给2磅樱桃好吗?

Could I have Mr.Brown paged?请广播找Brown先生好吗?*page广播找人

Could I have a glass of water, please? 能给我一杯水吗?

Could I give you a piece of advice?我能给你一个建议吗?

比较:Could I ask for some advice? 能给我一些建议吗?

Could I get you some beer? 再要一些啤酒吗?

Could I get a menu[`menju:], please?能给我一份菜单吗?

Could I change to a sleeper,please? 能给我换到卧铺车吗?

Could you get off early tomorrow?  明天你可以提前下班吗?

Could I ask you to do something for me?我能请您帮个忙吗?

Could I ask you a favor? 我能请您帮个忙吗?*favor允许,善意的行为.

比较 Before we go, could you do me a favor?在我们离开之前,您能帮我一个忙吗?

Could I ask you for a light?向你借个火行吗?

Could you drop me near the post office?你让我在邮局附近下车可以吗?

Could you carry my case for me? 你给我提手提箱可以吗?

Could you call by on your way home? 回家时您能顺路来访吗?call顺路拜访

Could anyone tell me?  谁能告诉我?

Could I use your phone?我能借用一下你的电话吗?

Could I kip here tonight?今天晚上我可以在这儿睡吗?*kip睡觉,床,客栈

典型例句 建议入门者暂不阅读↓

Would you mind going to the chemist's for me? *going引导的现在分词短语=宾语  你愿意为我跑一趟药店

Would you mind helping me?你愿意帮我个忙*helping引导的现在分词短语=宾语

=Would you please help me?

Would you like to buy anything else? No,thank you.That's all(=That's all that I want').
你还要点别的东西吗?不,谢谢.就要这些。

Would you mind helping me? <very polite request>(Compare:Do you mind helping me?)<polite request>
请你帮助我好吗?<非常礼貌的请求>(比较 :你愿意帮助我吗?)<礼貌的请求>[ri`kwest]

Would you please unlock this door? <polite礼貌的>请你打这个门上的好吗?

Compare:Will you please unlock this door?<less polite礼貌程度低>     比较:你打开这个门上的琐行吗?

第5课 动态句过去将来时 特问形式 *2个动词前者变否定,疑问,特问形式......

中式 They why might not go anywhere? *疑问词"必须"置于句首.疑问词后面"必须"有动词:

英式 Why might they not go anywhere?  他们为什么也许没有去任何地方?*中→英↓

中式 That might take how long? 那要花费多长时间?

英式 How long might that take?  英=中

6动态句过去将来时 讲故事
Before they got married,Tom would wait for Mary every evening after work.Then they would walk home across the park,and Mary would feed the ducks on the lake.

他们结婚以前,Tom每天晚上下班后就等着Mary,然后他们穿过公园步行回家,Mary总要喂湖上的鸭子。*在讲故事时,我们用would来描述过去的习惯<或可预言的行为>。*used to可代替此处的would.

[陆续答疑] 英语10万个为什么? 建议入门者暂不阅读 页底

1.couldn't造的句子,能否与描写句组成简单答话 → 为什么?:能。注意时态要一致。

如 They couldn't see that film.   They were too young.描写句

他们不能看那部电影.      他们太年轻了.

I couldn't speak to the boss.    He was too buy.描写句

我不能同那位老板说话.      他太忙了.

I couldn't go out.      It was too cold for me to go out.描写句

我不能出去.        对我来说,外出天太冷了.

如 Could she eat the orange?→No,she couldn't.→It was too sour for her to eat.描写句

她能吃那个橘子吗?   不,她不能.   对她来说,吃它太酸了.

Could she buy the car?→No,she couldn't.→It was too expensive for her to buy.描写句

她能买那部汽车吗? 不,她不能.   对她来说,买它太昂贵了.

2.had to 造个句子,能否与描写句组成简单答话 →为什么?:能。注意时态不一致。

He is very tired because he had to get up early this morning.                    他是很困倦的,因为他今天早晨不得不早起。

3.might + be able to 造个句子,能否 →为什么?:能.注意时态是一致。

We might be able to help you.    我们也许能帮助你。

4.Come here是祈使句有几种说法为什么?  答:有多种。它表现了过去将来时多种形式。

Would you just come here?        你到这儿来一下,好吗?

Would you be good enough to come here?   请到这儿来一下,好吗?

(Would you be good enough not to come here?→否定不定式:请不要到这儿来,好吗?)

Would you be kind enough to come here? 请到这儿来一下,好吗?

(Would you be kind enough not to come here?→否定不定式:请不要到这儿来,好吗?)

Would you be mind coming here?       请到这儿来,可以吗?

(Would you be mind not coming here?   →否定现在分词:请不要到这儿来,好吗?)

You might just come here?         你到这来一下。

I want you to come here.         我要你到这儿来。

(I don't want you to come here.   →否定谓语:我不要你到这儿来。)

I should like you to come here.     我要你到这儿来。

(I should like you not to come here.   →不定式否定:我希望你不要到这儿来。)

Mind you come here.            别忘了到这儿来。

(Mind you don't come here.       →否定谓语:记住别到这儿来。)

(Mind you don't come here,won't you?  →否定谓语:记住别到这儿来,好吗?

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