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3.动态句将来时

///过将//过完/将完/过将完//过进/将进/过将进/现完进/过完进/将完进/过将完进/其它/综合

1课 

动态句将来时 公式:主+will+v+其它 [V=原动词]

定义:写动态事物的将来表现形式。

肯 A glider can soar for many miles.滑翔机可以滑行好多英里.

否 A glider can't soar for many miles. 滑翔机不能滑行好多英里.

疑 Can a glider soar for many miles? 滑翔机可以滑行好多英里?

答 Yes, it can No , it can't. *can问,can答,记住没啥!

典型例句 建议入门者暂不阅读

You can't vote[vout] if you're under eighteen.未满18岁不得投票。*under=少于 (动态句中含判断句)

Can you speak English? 你会讲英语吗?*can意为“1种技能...”时,不能用be able to来代替。

I'll try and help you.(=I'll try to help you.) 我一定想法帮你。*口语中and代替不定式的to.

第2课 动态句将来时 特问形式 [中/转化法]

2个必须:疑问词/疑问词组"必须"置于句首.疑问词/疑问词组后面"必须"有动词

用此方法翻译英文句子准确*按照中文方式首先写出该句子,再按照"2个必须"操作 如:

特 中 You when will be able to repay me? 按照"2个必须"操作,*when will 除外=中文

 英 When will you be able to repay me? 你什么时候能将钱还给我?/成功转化          *can没有将来时形式,故在需要时我们使用will be able to.

典型例句: 建议入门者暂不阅读 ↓ 特问形式用全答

I can't tell you which.我不能告诉你是哪一个.

=I won't tell you which.我不想告诉你是哪一个.

=it doesn't matter which.是哪一个没有关系.

第3课动态句将来时 选问 公式:一般疑问+or

选 Can a glider soar for many miles or not?滑翔机可以滑行好多英里,否?

第4课 动态句将来时 反问公式:肯定形式+一般疑问

反 A glider can soar for many miles, can't it?滑翔机可以滑行好多英里,不能吗?

 A glider can't soar for many miles, can it?滑翔机不能滑行好多英里,能吗?

5动态句将来时 祈使形式=将来时

肯 Come in and have a seat.请进,坐下!

否 Don't make the same mistakes.别犯同样的错误。*禁止用非缩略形式

Don't eat rich food!别吃油腻食物!=You mustn't eat rich food!

Don't drive so quickly!不要开得这么快!=You mustn't drive so quickly!

典型例句1: Please help yourself.请你自己动手.

Please help yourselves.请你们自己动手.

Have some of this wine.喝点这种酒。*Have=喝

Have a little of my wine.喝点我的酒。*指装在自己瓶子里的酒

Let's have breakfast.咱们吃早饭吧。*-'s=us宾格我们*缩略形式包括对方

Let's go,shall we?咱们走吧,好吗?*缩略形式包括听话者在内

Don't let's do that.咱们不要做那个事.*禁止用非缩略形式

Put the rest of those biscuits in the tin.把剩余的饼干放进饼干筒.*of+n.=介词短语,作定语

Don't use powdered milk.Use this fresh(milk).不要用奶,要用这鲜奶。

*不可数名词则不能用one替代,如 milk.*powder使成粉末 *过去分词=定语

Let's not stay too late. 咱们不要停留得太晚。*缩略形式包括对方

Let us not stay too late.我们不要停留得太晚。*非缩略形式不包括对方

Try not to make a noise. 尽量别弄出声来。*强调不可数 noise时→变可数 a noise

Mary read the poem[`pouim] first.Mary先读这首诗。*read原形=将来时=祈使形式

Take care not to catch cold.小心别着凉。

Give us a hand with this trunk, will you?帮我提一下这只箱子,好吗?

典型例句2 扩张祈使句 ↓

Look at the way he jumps! 看它跳的那种样子!*he jumps=定语从句,修饰way.

Mary said,"Do have a look at yourself first".  Mary说,“先看看你自己”。*直接引语

Mary advised me to have a look at myself first.  Mary让我先看看我自己.*to+原形=不定式=祈使形式

The boss said,"Please come here again tomorrow". 老板说,“请你明天再来这儿。*直接引语

The boss asked me to go there again the next day. 老板要我第二天再去。*to+原形=不定式=祈使形式

The boss said,"Get everything ready in two hours". 老板说,“2小时内把一切准备好。*直接引语

The boss ordered us to get everything ready in two hours.老板要我们2小时内把一切准备好.*to+v=不定式

It's cold outside.take a hat and coat with you.   外面很冷,带上大衣和帽子。

When you go on holiday,take a raincoat and a camera. 你外出度假时,带上雨衣和照相机。

If you see Joanna please give her this message. 如果你看见乔娜,请把这个信儿带给她。

典型例句3 特殊祈使句 ↓在日常会话中,him,her 与them一般不重读,而读作'im, 'er 'em:

Give'im the money.  把钱给他。

Give'er a kiss.   吻她一下。

Give'em all you've got. 你所有的都给他们。*you've got.=定语=占有句

Thank you anyway.  还是要谢谢你。*anyway=不管怎样,是1个用于非正式场合的连接副词。

6动态句将来时 综合理解 建议入门者暂不阅读

I feel able to organize a party.我能组织1次聚会。*feel=be=am=系动词

I enjoy being able to take a swim every morning. 我喜欢每天上午能去游会儿泳。

*can没有--ing形式,所以在需要时,我们就使用being able to来代替。

As you can't type the letter yourself,you'll have to ask Susan to do it for you.

由于你自己不能用打字机打这封信,那你就请苏珊替你打吧。

=Since you can't type the letter yourself,you'll have to ask Susan to do it for you.

*as/since引导的原因状语从句(+

My father is over90,but he is still able to drive a car. 我父亲已过90岁,但仍开车。(=can)

Are you able to see the sea from where you live?  从你住的地方看到海吗?

If the bad weather continues,the climbers will be unable to reach the top of the mountain.

如果天气继续这样坏下去的话,登山运动员就不能攀上山顶.*否定形式为 unable to.

I shall be on holiday till the end of September when I shall return to London. ( + )

我将休假到9月底,之后我将返回伦敦.*when表之后时,后面可以用will

=I shall be on holiday till the end of September when I return to London. ( + )

It feels as if it's going to rain.天气给人的感觉好象就要下雨了。( + )

=It feels as though it's going to rain. *as if/as though  引导的表语从句 ( + )

 参考:I feel that this is going to happen. 我感觉这事即将发生.*that引导的表语从句=

You can tell him.-Me tell him? Not likely! 你可以告诉他.--我告诉他?不可能的事!*can=可以

Ask Mary if she'll be home in time for dinner. *be=(be强调动作的结果,go强调动作的过程)

  问问Mary她能否及时回家吃晚饭.

If you ask at Reception,they will tell you where it is. *where引导的判断句=主句的直接宾语

果你去接待处问一下,他会告诉你它在什么地方. *If引导的动态句 =条件状语从句

You can't go to London without visiting Harrod's. 你不能去了London而不去哈锣德商店。

=You can't go to London without visiting Harrods. *有名的商店用 Harrods也可以。

Can't you look at the dictionary of the boy behind you? *of引导的介词短语是并列定语。

你不能瞧一下你后面那个男孩的辞典吗?

He's got to repay[ri`pei] the money.-Poor him!(=Isn't he unlucky!) 他必须赔偿这笔款.--他真倒霉!

*-'s got to=has got to英式=不得不=have to(Isn't he unlucky!反义句 : Isn't he lucky!=真幸运)

:This hotel is too expensive.:Let's find another place to stay.(=a different one)          这家旅馆太贵.我们再另找地方住吧!*another=又1个=另1个

第7课 动态句将来时 要点提示

1.使用中式英语翻译英文句子,又快又准。

2.当你翻译出现麻烦时,请还原中式英语。

3. 2个动词用前一个变否定.....不再借do/does娈否定.....勿忘。

4.do/does可借来变现在时否定,疑问... 绝不能借am is are代替do,否则错误。

第8课 动态句将来时 用进行时表示→将来时 *--ing 含示心理有早就想...

They're coming round this evening.他们今晚前后要来

They're putting up oil prices again soon.当局即再次提高油价。

They say(or People say)oil prices will be going up soon.人们说油价快要上涨了

Iam taking a vacation next week,therefore,I will not be at work. 我下周要休假,因此我不会来上班。

They're giving a party for their son's eighteenth birthday.他们要举行1个集会庆祝儿子的18岁生日。

第9课 动态句将来时现在时表示→将来时

I want you children to help me. 孩子们我想让你们帮帮忙.*you+名词

or:I want you two boys to help me.我想让你们两个男孩帮帮忙.*you+名词

Who wants a ride on my bike? -Me! /Not me!谁骑我的自行车?--我!/不是我!(英=中)

A lot of the students who missed my lecture yesterday want to borrow my notes.
*who引导的限制性定语从句=动态句→修饰主语students.昨天误了我课的许多学生借阅我的笔记。

现位置 将来时*学习者请访问过去将来时*教学者请访问答疑陆续 1 2 3...

 

[陆续答疑]英语10万个为什么? 建议入门者暂不阅读 页底

1.I don't know any place you can get a better exchange rate.怎么写同义句为什么?:找出引导词。如:

(我不知道在什么地方你能找到更合适的外汇比价.)

=I don't know any place that you can get a better exchange rate.*that可代之以where或at which

=I don't know any place where you can get a better exchange rate. *where=that

=I don't know any place at which you can get a better exchange rate.*at which=that

2. + + =简短答话,是真的吗为什么? 答:真的因为英语是由5种句子构成的。

What's the matter with Jim? Jim怎么了?   特殊疑问形式

Has he a stomach-ache? 他(有)胃痛了吗?一般疑问形式

No,he hasn't a headache. 不,他没有胃痛。 一般否定形式

He has flu.     他患流感了。 一般肯定形式

So he must stay in bed. 所以他必须卧床休息.一般肯定形式将来时

*Now you do the same.Tom/a headache/a toothache/take an aspirin/ (答案见页底

3.能用将来时变为从句吗为什么? :能。其性质属于句中句的表述。

如 He must remain here.He says that he must remain here.

他必须留在这里。      他说,他必须留在这里。

4.need是情态动词,能做实词吗为什么?:能。其性质属于实义的表述。

如 What does he need?[实词]  He says that he needs a licence.[实词]

他需要什么?        他说,他需要一本执照。

5.need=情态动词时能与have to/must做简短答话吗为什么? 答:能由于英语的变化才丰富了感情

如 Must we take a taxi?(问)    我们必须乘记程车?

We needn't take a taxi?(答)      我们不需要乘记程车。

Do we have to leave early?(问)   我们不得不早点离开吗?

No,you don't have to.=No,you needn't.(答)不,你们大可不必。不,你们不需要。

You mustn't tell others.[警告]   禁止你告诉他人。

You don't have to tell others.[提醒]你不必要告诉他人。

6.Come here是祈使句有几种说法为什么?:有多种。它表现了将来时多种形式。

如:Just come here.到这来一下。

Do come here.务必请来一下。

(Don't come here.否定形式)

Come here,do.请来吧。

Come here,will you?到这来一下,好吗?

(Don't come here,will you?否定形式)

Come here,won't you?到这来一下,好吗?

You come here,will you?到这儿来,好吗?

(Don't you come here,will you?否定谓语:可别来这儿,好吗?

Will you come here?到这儿来,好吗?

Won't you come here?到这儿来,好吗?

(Don't you come here.否定谓语:可别来这儿。)

现位置答疑*学/者请访问过去将来时

页底答案 What's the matter with Tom?TOM怎么了? 特殊疑问形式

Has he a headache?他(有)头痛了吗?一般疑问形式

No,he hasn't a headache.不,他没有头痛.一般否定形式

He has a toothache.他有一个牙痛了.一般肯定形式

So he must take an aspirin.所以他必须吃一片阿司匹林.一般肯定形式将来时

现位置为您答疑*请学/教者访问过去将来时 Welcome here again(欢迎再来这里)

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