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17.动态句时态汇

///过将//过完/将完/过将完//过进/将进/过将进/现完进/过完进/将完进/过将完进/汇总/综合

1

主动16种时态汇总公式:主+谓+宾=n + v + n

1.现在时写话语前后动态的事物:公式:n+v(s)+n+其它 *(s)=3单现he she it的现在时(非they)

肯 They play football every day.他们每天踢足球。

2.过去时写话语前动态的事物:公式:n+ved+n+其它 *ed=

肯They played football yesterday.他们昨天踢了足球。

3.将来时写话语之后动态的事物:公式:n+will+v+n+其它 *v=原动词

肯They will play football tomorrow.他们明天踢足球。

4.过去将来时话语之前就预料到了动态的事物:公式:n+would+v+n+其它

肯 A light lunch should suffice me.有一点午饭就我吃了.

5.完成时话语时已经发生了的动态事物:公式:主+have+Vpp+n+其它*Vpp=动词过去分词(多数为过去式)

They have ruined my feet.它们让我脚一直受罪.*ruin[`ru:in]祸根

6.过去完成时话语之前就已经发生了的动态事物:公式:n+had+Vpp+n+其它

肯 All the toothpaste had oozed out.牙膏都慢慢流淌出来了.*ooze[u:z]渗出,消失

*Hope oozed away.希望消失了.

7.将来完成时话语之后就预料到了动态的事物:公式:n+must+have+Vpp+n+其它

肯 You must have had much meat.你一定吃了很多肉!

8.过去将来完成时话语之前就已经预料到了动态的事物:公式:n+should+have+Vpp+n+其它

肯 You should have known better.你本来应该一直很聪明的.

9.进行时话语时刻正在发生的动态事物:公式:n+be+Ving+n+其它 *Ving=现在分词*be=am is are

肯 They are looking at us.他们正在看着我们.*be=正 ing=

10.过去进行时话语前某时刻正在发生的动态事物:公式:n+be+Ving+n+其它 *be=aws were

肯 He was playing with a pen.他正在玩耍一支钢笔呢.

11.将来进行时话语后某时刻正在发生的动态事物:公式:n+will+be+Ving+n+其它

疑 Will we be seeing you often? 我们以后能常见到你吗?

12.过去将来进行时话语前某时刻正在发生的动态事物: 公式:n+would+be+Ving+n+其它

肯 We would actually be running at a loss.我们实际上将变得不知所错.

13.现在完成进行时话语后正在持续发生的动态事物:公式:n+have+been+Ving+n+其它

肯This row[rau] has been simmering慢煮 for months.这场争吵已经憋了好几个月了.

14.过去完成进行时话语前已经在发生的动态事物:公式:n+had+been+Ving+n+其它

肯 We had been travelling over a week.那时我们已经走了一个多星期了.

15.将来完成进行时话语后某时刻一直正在发生的动态事物:公式:n+must+have+been+Ving+n+其它

肯 She must have been having lessons on the sly.她准是暗地里一直在上课.

16.过去将来完成进行时话语前某时刻应该发生的动态事物: 公式:n+should+have+been+Ving+n+其它

肯 He should have been working.他应该在工作呀.

2 解读要点-1

*现在时/过去时 公式:主+谓+宾=n + v + n [v=实词,v≠助动词;谓语=动词]

[规则]现在时/过去时:肯定形式中的动词只有1个。否/疑/答现在时借do/does,过去时借did完成。

有关do--相关链接

1.助动词do≠实词do.如 How do you do? What do you do? What did he do?

助动词do可代替实词 如[反/肯] You like it,don't you? *肯+否=反问形式

问:[反/否] You didn't like it,did you? *否+肯=反问形式

答:Yes不,I我did喜欢. No是,I我didn't不喜欢.<考点:Yes不可同否定搭配,No不可同肯定搭配>

如 She works harder than you do(=work).她工作比你努力

2.助动词do除否定be<如 Don't be late.>外,不能同其它相关形式组合 如 am/is/are/was/were...

3.助动词do在占有句>-->[美用do]Do you have any brothers?=[英用have]Have you any brothers?

4.助动词do用在强调句中>->如 I did tell him.我的确告诉他了。*实词前+do=强调

[肯] Do<务必> come next Sunday.下周日务必来!

[否] Don't come next Sunday.下周日千万别来!

5.助动词do用于倒装句中>->如 Not a word did he speak.他什么也没说.<<He did not speak a word.

He likes it,so do I.他喜欢它,我也喜欢。

Never did I see such a film.我从未看过这样的电影。<<I never saw such a film.

Never did I see such a boy.我从未见过这样的男孩。<<I never saw such a boy.

6.动词do=实词如:[祈]Do whatever you like.按你的想法做.*whatever引导的动态句是do的宾语<从句>

do=梳:Go and do your hear.去梳头. do=停:Have done.结束!I've done it.我做完了。

do=行:That will do.行了. Any time will do.什么时候都行. 问:Will that do? 那个行吗?

This simply won't do.这可不行。*simply[`simpli]完全地 That'll do.行了!够了!

do=进行:He's doing well at school.他在学校成绩很好。How many miles does it do to the gallon?这车1加仑汽油

行进多少英里?*mile[mail]英里 *gallon[`gэelэn]加仑(英制=4.546升/美制=3.785升)

do=骗:Please don't think I'm trying to do you.不要总以为我在欺骗你们。

I was done.我被骗了。You did me out of my share.你把我的1份被骗走了。*share[eэ]1份

do=提供:I did my best to help her.我尽力帮助他.

do=服务:They do you very well at that restaurant.那家餐馆服务很好。

do=学习:Are you doing physics at school?你在学校里学物理吗?

do without=没...行否:Can you do without your bike today? 今天没自行车行吗?

We can't do without this dictionary.我们不能没有这本字典.

I can do without a car.我没有汽车也行.

do up=扣上:Do up the buttons on your shirt.扣上你的衬衣纽扣。

do a good deed=做好事:He did a good deed.他昨天做了一件好事。*deed[di:d]功绩

do some shopping=购物:I'm going to do some shopping.我要去购物。

do some washing=洗衣物:I was doing some washing at home yesterday。我昨天在家洗衣物来着。

do some cleaning=打扫卫生:I usually do some cleaning on Sunday.周日我经常打扫卫生。

do some cooking=做饭:Mother is doing some cooking now.妈妈现在正在作饭。

be doing well=安好:The patient[`pei∫эnt] is doing well.这病人已康复.

He is doing well in business.他的事业很顺利.

do away with=废除:They did away with the law.他们废除这法律.

We must do away with the old thinking.我们必须丢掉旧思想.

do with处理/应付:What have you done with the box?你如何处理掉这箱子.

He is easy to do with.他是个容易应付的人.

be done for=垮:I am done for.我完蛋了.

do one's duty=尽职责: We should do our duty.我们应该尽我们的职责.

do with=处理/有关: What shall I do with it?我怎样处理这件事好呢?

I have nothing to do with him.我和他没有关系.占有句

I could do with a drink.我要去喝上1杯。

do - mile跑-英里=She did forty miles a day on foot.他1天步行40英里。

名词=do[复数=dos/do's]风俗:Some old people have too many dos and don'ts一些老人的规矩太多。

*do over做得对/do right从做/do wrong做错/do for照顾/do by对待/do down胜过/do a puzzle解谜/do a person justice公平待人/do a person honor带给人名誉/do a person good帮人忙/do a person a favor[`feivэ恩惠]给人帮忙/do a person harm=有害于人/.

[谚语]Do做 in在 Rome罗马 as象 the全体 Romans罗马人 do做的.入乡随俗.

3解读要点-2

公式:主+助动词++宾=n + (v)+v + n [(v)=助动词,v=实词]

[规则]其它时态肯定形式中的谓语动词是2个3个...否/疑/答由助动词中的前者完成.

[中]I我shall将do做what什么with用it它?[转英]What shall I do with it?我怎样处理这件事好呢?

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[陆续答疑]英语10万个为什么? 建议入门者暂不阅读 页底

1.英语动词3个原型用法是什么为什么?:都是将来时态

 *情态动词后+动词原型 例如:You must be a teacher.

 *祈使/命令后+动词原型 例如:Open the door!

 *to后+动词原型 例如:I want to learn English.

2.情态动词能否互换使用为什么?:能。都是将来时态 

 如:You must go home. You needn't go home.

3.情态动词能否叠加使用为什么?:能。都是将来时态 

 如:Will you be able to come? *be able to = can 

 *谓语动词vi不带宾语不及物动词 *谓语动词vt带宾语及物动词<Λθηδэ)>

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