赵氏52英语网著作 太阳 ZHAOFU 使役语态\过去时

2.动态句\使役语态\过去时

现在时过去时将来时完成时进行时主页简介 内容加载中...
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1动态句\使役过去时 肯定形式[1] 公式:主+had+n宾+过分
定义:某人使宾语过去出现了某一情况.如:
We had(使) our house decorated last year.我们去年让人装修了房子。
I had a house built.我雇人盖了一所房子。

I had the job done.我让人做完了这项工作。
=I got the job `done.*使役=`done读重音 <注:someone else did it>
I finally got my roof repaired.我终于把房顶修好了.<非使役句>

I got the `job done.我自己干了这活.*非使役=`job读重音
=I did it myself.

I finally got the car to start by asking everyone to push it.我请大家一起推车,终于把它发动起来了。
本句结构:主+get+宾语+to+V=主语设法使宾语...之意
注意例外:
She had her house destroyed in an earthquake.地震时她的房子塌了。<非使役句>
英语思维:她有一栋倒塌的房屋在一次地震中.
本句结构:主+had+宾语+过分=主语无法控制宾语出现的意外或自然灾害...之意


要点:用到get时,有强调主语所做的动作之意,否则就不能用get切换have了,下面的例句则不能,如:
I had a tooth
pulled out this morning.我今天上午了一颗牙。<让人>
=I had a tooth out this morning.我今天上午拔掉了一颗牙。*省略 pulled

He had his bike stolen.他的自行车被人偷走了.<被人>
The old man had his leg broken.那老人使自己的腿折断了.

When he got up to speak,the minister had eggs thrown at him.部长站起来时,有人向他仍鸡蛋。
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2
动态句\使役过去时[肯定形式2] 公式:主+使/让+n宾+其它
定义:主语使宾语出现某情况.

He changed his mind,which
made me very angey.他改变了主意,这使我很恼火。
His jokes made us all laugh.他的笑话把我们都逗乐了.

We made our way up the path.我们顺着小路攀登上去。
They made the children work 12 hours a day.他们强迫孩子们1天干12个小时。
Our hostess made us all feel quite at home.女主人使我们都觉得像在自己家里一样无拘无束。

He asked me to handle the business for her.他叫我替他做生意.
He asked the doctor to give his advice.他要医生给他提出建议。

The doctor made the patient stay in bed.医生硬要病人躺在床上。
The news made us irritable.这消息使我们烦燥不安.

He adviced her to take a long rest.他劝告她长期休息。
She allowed us to smoke.他允许我们吸烟.
They permitted her to leave.他们允许她离开.

He convinced me of his innocence.他使相信他是无辜的。 *convince使...相信
She allowed us to smoke.她允许我们吸烟。*ow[au]

I got the `job done.我自己做完了这项工作。*重音=`job <非使役>
=I did it myself.我自己做完了这项工作。

I finally got my computer repaired.我终于把电脑修好了.*got=had使(got=好不容易才)
She reminded him of his girlfriend.她使他想起了他的女朋友。*remind sb of/提醒某人...

I had my son go instead.我叫我儿子替我去.


>I tried with all my might to will him to say no.我竭尽全力想使他说不。[mait]力量n.
>He sent the waiter for a packet[`pækit] of cigarettes.他让侍者去拿1盒烟。
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3动态句\使役过去时[否定形式] 定义:主语使宾语出现某情况。

如 He didn't make his friends very welcome.他待客冷淡。
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4
动态句\使役过去时[疑问形式] 定义:主语使宾语出现某情况。

如 Did you have the car repaired?你把车送去修理了吗?
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5动态句\使役过去时[特问形式] 定义:主语使宾语出现某情况。

英=中:What made him do it?是什么使得他干了此事?
英=中 What caused him to quit his job?是什么原因使他辞职的?

中 I how can convince you?我如何才能使你相信呢?
英 How can I convince you?
<中英成功转换>
*疑问词/疑问词组"必须"置于句首.疑问词/疑问词组后面"必须"有动词.

现位置
过去时>> 将来时
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[为您答疑]英语10万个为什么?
1.to+v(动词原形)=不定式.由它构成的句子,能否用"中=英"变成特问形式为什么? 答:能。
操作2个"必须":
疑问词/疑问词组"必须"置于句首.疑问词/疑问词组后面"必须"有动词.
如 I want you to listen to it.同义句:Listen to it.我要你去听它.<祈使句>
中 You want me to do what?你要我去干什么?
What do you want me to do?<中英成功转换>

2.not+to+v=不定式否定.由它构成的句子,能否写间接形式→为什么? 答:能。=间接引语。
如 Don't miss it!别错过它!
She is telling them not to miss it.她正在告诉他们别错过它.
She doesn't want them to miss it.她不想让他们错过它.

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