赵氏52英语网 著作 太阳 ZHAOFU 使役语态\现在时

                   1.动态句\使役\现在时
                   现在时
过去时将来时完成时
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第1课
动态\使役\现在时 定义:让某人为主语做某事. 公式:主+have+宾+过分

肯定形式[1]
We have our house decorated every year.我们每年都要装修房子。
The boss wants these letters typed before tomorrow.<由have切换为want>
那位老板要求这些信件在明天之前打好。
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2动态\使役\现在时 定义:让某人为主语做某事。公式:主+make(使/让)+宾+补语

肯定形式[2]
Onions make your eyes water.洋葱使你的眼睛流泪水.<由have切换为make>
The large print makes for easier reading.大字排版使阅读轻松一些。

Having a cellphone also makes us feel safer,since we can call for help in case of an emergency.
手里有手机,我们会感到更安全,因为遇到紧急情况,我们可以随时求救。

The people here are poor,but they have big hearts and make me feel very welcome.
这里的人们贫穷,但他们心胸宽阔,使我感到很温暖。
Examinations make me nervous.考试使我感到紧张.
*[`nэ:vэs]紧张的<*restless[`restlis]烦燥的or uneasy[An`i:zi]担心的>
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She lets the boys play football on the lawn[l ):n].<由make切换为let>
她让男孩们在草地上踢足球。
If he lets you go without a ticket.
如果他没给你罚单就是放你走。*let(someone)go是"放开"的意思
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A good lawyer might be able to get you off.请位好律师有可能使你免受追究。
Add orange paint to get a warmer hue.加些橙色颜色使之略呈暖色。<由let切换为get>
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Her remarks set me thinking.她的话使我不禁沉思起来.<由let切换为set>
*remark[ri`ma:k]评论[set]使开始
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Doing morning exercise every day does us a lot of good.<由set切换为do>
每天做早操使/对我们大有益处。
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I like him to go there.我他去那里.*like欲 <由do切换为like>
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I want you to feel at home.我你感到如同家一样。<由like切换为want>
He wants me to ask you a question.他让我问你一个问题。
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Her children keep her on the go all day.(照料)孩子们她整天忙个不停。<由want切换为keep>
Milk keeps children healthy.喝牛奶使儿童身体健康。*keep=喝<增译>
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This compels them to buy new copies.这迫使他们去买新书。<由keep切换为compel> *copy拷贝
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The facts permit of no other explanation.事实不允许有别的解释<由compel切换为permit>
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3动态\使役\现在时 否定形式

Swimming is not allowed at this beach.这片海滩禁止游泳。*使役句中的被动用法
The situation allows of no delay[di`1ei].情况容许有任何延误。*ow[au]

I refuse[ri`fju:z] to have my house used as a hotel.<由不定式to have形式写使役句>
间接否定:我不愿意让我的家当成旅馆来用。
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4动态\使役\现在时 疑问形式

Does early rising make for good health?早起有利于健康吗?<由have切换为make>
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5动态\使役\现在时 特问形式

*疑问词/疑问词组"必须"置于句首.疑问词/疑问词组后面"必须"有动词.
= What makes you say that?是什么使你说出那种话?<由have切换为make>
= What makes the poem[pouim] very good?是什么使那首诗很优秀?

中转英 You why don't have使 your hair cut?你为什么不理发?*除Why don't外,英=中↓
Why don't you haveyour hair cut? *have让=一般性建议
首先按照中文语序写出英语后,只要将疑问词why移置句首,再利用金字塔2层原理,借来do
跟在why的后面既中/英成功转化。也就是利用中英语序90%相同之原理,动1个,借1个既可。

You why don't let him make the decision by himself?你为什么不让他自己决定呢?
Why don't you let him make the decision by himself?中/英成功转化.

You how make children laugh?怎么使孩子们笑呢?
How do you make children laugh?中/英成功转化.<利用金字塔2层原理>

The song makes you feel how?这首歌曲使你感觉怎么样?
How does the song make you feel?中/英成功转化 <利用金字塔2层原理>
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