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5.动态句完成时

///过将//过完/将完/过将完//过进/将进/过将进/现完进/过完进/将完进/过将完进/其它/综合

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动态句完成时 公式:主+have+过分+其它 *过分=过去分词(多数为过去式)

定义:写一直或已经处于某种动态中的句子。

They have ruined my feet. 它们让我脚一直受罪.

否 They haven't ruined my feet.   它们没让我脚受罪.

疑 Have they ruined your feet?  它们让你的脚一直受罪吗?

答 Yes, they have.  是的,一直是.

 No , they haven't.   不,一直没有。*have问,have答.

常用句:

My goldfish has died. 我的金鱼死了。*has=1条 **goldfish=单复数

My goldfish have died.  我的金鱼死了。*have=2条以上**fishes/fish=单复数均可

(如 You'll see many kinds of fishes/fish in the fish market.在鱼市上你可以看到很多种鱼.)

Jane and I have already eaten. 简和我已经吃过了。*并列主语 *他人+and+I=敬语

I've invited the Johnsons to/for dinner. 我邀请了约翰逊一家吃饭. *记住: to,for 均可.

I haven't passed my driving test yet.我没通过驾驶考试。

I still haven't passed by driving test.驾驶考试这一关我还没通过。*暗示了烦恼

The Price sisters have opened a boutique[bu:`ti:k].普赖斯姐妹开设了1家时装精品店.*the...-s=家庭成员

The people (that可省略) we've invited to dinner are your neighbours.我们请来吃饭的人是你的邻居.

It's strange (that) no one has complained.无人抱怨真是奇怪.*以下:考点暗示    *that引导的定语从句除了在句首及特殊强调外,均可省略that.

We still haven't done the shopping.我们还没买东西。*still:紧接主语后。

2动态句完成时 特殊疑问形式 [中/转化法]

2个必须:疑问词/疑问词组"必须"置于句首.疑问词/疑问词组后面"必须"有动词

用此方法翻译英文句子准确*按照中文方式首先写出该句子,再按照"2个必须"操作 如:

常用句:

特 中 You have visited Italy how many times? 你到意大利去过几?*time=可数名词

英 How many times have you visited Italy?按照"2个必须"操作中=英,中/成功转化。   *How many times have除外=中文

3动态句完成时 选问公式:一般疑问形式+or

选择疑问:Have they ruined your feet or not?它们让你的脚一直受罪,还是不?

4动态句完成时 反问公式:肯/否 定形式+一般疑问形式

You haven't finished already,have you? 你还没做完,是吗? *此句的含义为:你简直难以相信这一点!

5动态句完成时 读音形式

1.读音:辅音结尾=闭音节 元音结尾=开音节

2.音标中只有一个元音音标=单音节,两个为双音节,3个以上为多音节.

6动态句完成时 典型例句1 建议入门者暂不阅读 ↓

I have already seen that film. 我已看过那部影片。=I have seen that film already.

I already know how to get there. 我已知道那儿怎么走。*用现在时表完成时,already在起作用。   =I know how to get there already.

Because of the strike,the teachers have stopped work. 因为罢工,教师们已停止工作。*在句首。

The teachers have,because of the strike, stopped work.因为罢工,教师们已停止工作。*在句中。

The teachers,because of the strike, stopped work.  因为罢工,教师们停止了工作。*一般过去时

The teachers are,in spite[spait] of the strike, working normally. 尽管罢工,教师们仍象往常一样地工作。*现在进行时

The teachers have stopped work because of the strike. 因为罢工,教师们已停止工作。*在句尾。

7动态句完成时 典型例句2 建议入门者暂不阅读 ↓

That silly son of yours has told me the same joke ten times.*间隔定语

 你的那位傻儿子把同一个笑话给我讲了10遍。

Once we have decorated the house,we can move in.一旦我们把房间装饰好就能搬进去了。

=When we have decorated the house, we can move in.

Now that we have decorated the house,(动作已完成)we can move in.

现在我们把房间装饰好了,我们可以搬进去了。*现在完成时常常用于oncenow that之后

The breakfast I ordered still hasn't arrived.我要的早餐还没有来。

*I ordered=定语从句=动/过→修饰breakfast

It must be twenty years since we met. Yes and you haven't changed a bit. 我们彼此没见面肯定有20年了。

是的,可你一点也没变.(++=并列关系) *a bit用在否定后,加强否定意义(=at all)*since引导的从句=状语

We've jusy about finished the shopping.我们买好了。

*about后可接形容词或动词,意为“大约”,around则不能。

Have you always lived in the country? 你一直住在乡下吗?*always=一直:表示时间长度.(=all your life.)

8动态句完成时 典型对话

A.Have you done your homework yet?你的作业做完了吗?*期望肯定答复时yet改用already.

B.No,I've started it,but I haven't yet finished it. 没有,我开始做了,但还没做完。

现位置完成时学习者请访问过去完成时*教学者请访问课后答疑1 2 3...

 

[陆续答疑] 英语10万个为什么 建议入门者暂不阅读 页底

1.祈使句+完成时+过去时=简短对话吗为什么? :有。其性质属于动作的过程表述。

如 Open the window!  打开这扇窗户!

I have already opened the window! 我已经打开了这扇窗户!

I opened the window an hour ago!我在1小时之前打开了这扇窗户!

做题:

如 Empty the basket!   倒空这个篮子!

I have already ____ed the basket! 我已经倒空了这个篮子。

I ____ed the basket yesterday.  我是在昨天倒空了这个篮子的。答案见页底

2.完成时与过去时有区别吗为什么? 答:过去时其性质属于过去。完成时其性质属于说话人的现场表述。

如 She has already aired the room. 她已经通风了这个房间。

 She aired it this morning.   今天早晨她通风了它。

如 She has just dusted the sideboard. 她刚刚掸去餐具柜上的灰尘。

 She dusted it this morning.  她今天早晨掸了它。

*In which of these sentences can we put has:在这些句子中是哪一个我们可以填入has:(答案见页底)

She ____ just boiled an egg.

She ____ boiled it a minuite agao.

He ____ already painted that bookcase.

He ____ painted it a week ago.

She ____ emptied the basket this morning.

She ____ never been to New York,but he _____ was there in 2005.

3.能用完成时变为从句吗为什么? 答:能。其性质属于句中句的表述。

如 She has found her pen.   She says that he has found her pen.

 他已经找到了他的钢笔.    →他说,他已经找到了他的钢笔。

现位置答疑完*学/者请访问过去完成时

答案1:

Empty the basket!  倒空这个篮子!

I have already emptied the basket! 我已经倒空了这个篮子。

I emptied the basket yesterday.  我是在昨天倒空了这个篮子的。

答案2:

She has just boiled an egg.

She ____ boiled it a minuite agao.

He has already painted that bookcase.

He ____ painted it a week ago.

She ____ emptied the basket this morning.

She has never been to New York,but he _____ was there in 2005.

现位置为您答疑*请学/教者访问过去完成时 Welcome here again(欢迎再来这里)

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