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中专考点讲座A】考点之一:主动/静态句切入...

【规则1】判断句/描写句/存在句/占有句=静态无被动
 *温馨提示:1.谓语用静态动词陈述1件事。如:be/have/seem ...
           2.句子的宗旨以表述主语的结果为目的。

.....................................................................................................................

 
一.不 能 变 被 动 的 句 子
 
  1判断句 定义:判断事物是什么的句子。表述结果=无被动。  
  典型例句:  
  Sixty years is a long time.              60年是很长的一段时间。  
  It's a bitter sweet song.                 那是一支又苦涩又甜蜜的歌。*bitterer=比较级  
  Altogether it is a good paper.           总而言之,这是一篇好论文。  
  The next performance is a piano solo[`soulou].下一个节目是钢琴独奏  
  This isn't just any cake.           这可不是一般的蛋糕。*any是特制的a.  
  That's some radio you've bought.      你已买的那台收音机真不一般.*some不寻常的a.(非正式)  
  That's some consolation,I must say!*some根本没有的a. *[,k ) nsэ`lei∫эn]安慰  
                                      真是的,那也算是安慰!(讽刺的)  
  *特殊疑问中/英转化:  
  [规则]:疑问词或疑问词组必须写在句首,其后必须跟动词.<记住:‘2个’必须>  
     
  *请做中/英转化练习:  
  Your favourite最喜欢的 is what什么 holiday假期? *考点:What holiday疑问词组  
                                     答案 What holiday is your favourite?  
  They why are in danger危险? 他们为什么处于危险之中?  
                                     答案 Why are they in danger?  
  Music why is important重要的 to对于 the musicians音乐家?  
                                     答案 Why is music important to the musicians?  
  Your你的native[`neitiv]家乡的language语言is Which哪种?  
                                     答案 Which is your native[`neitiv]家乡的 language?  
典型例句(续)
中文 英文

The snowstorm was upon us.中=*

暴风雪已逼进我们。 中=英:禁止变
中 Tom was过去是 what kind of person? Tom过去是哪种人? What kind of person was Tom?
用 中 文→学 英 文:疑问部分必须在句首后必须跟动词=2个必须 操作2个必须 /成功转化
You were where exactly in China? 你当时在中国哪个确切地地方呀! Where exactly were you in China?
The那first第1批people人were是who谁们to到arrive达in进入Australia澳大利亚的呢? 操作2个必须:中转英成功 Who were the first people to arrive in Australia?
I haven't been anywhere today. 我今天哪儿也没去. =I've been nowhere today.
*nowhere=not anywhere 2种的否定意义是相同 no比not...any的语气要强
Your brother has been a soldier how long? 你兄弟已经当兵多久了? How long has your brother been a soldier?
   

二.不 能 变 被 动 的 句 子

2课描写句 定义:描写事物怎么样 表述结果 无法变被动
典 型 例 句
中文 提示

*形容词前必须有动词

*非be动词=虚拟描写 *much能修饰+形<比较级>
Jane's handwriting is bad,but Mary's is worse.
Caroline's handwriting is very bad.
简的书写很差,但是玛丽的更差.
It is the worst handwriting I have ever seen. 卡罗琳的书写非常糟糕,这是我见过的最差的书写. *I have ever seen.</>
后置作前置词的定语从句

典型例句(续)用 中 文→学 英 文:多数不变→少数变 = 经验+实践
  提示
*疑问部分必须在句首后必须跟动词=2个必须   英 文: 对照/操作2个必须
They他们feel感觉how怎样呢? *非be动词=虚拟描写.英:无be借do. How do they feel?
Which哪一个isn't不是 true真的?=>>不用转化   Which isn't true
Which of the following下列sentences句子is true真的? *Which=主语=单数   =>>不用转化
You你why为什么are是good擅长的at在doing从事them他们时? 操作2个必须/成功转化 Why are you good at doing them?
*句型:主+be+good/poor+at+其它=主语擅长/不擅长。。。    
Which ways方法are more比较important重要and which ways are less不很important?   =>>不用转化
六why为什么was是afraid害怕of关于7? 对照/操作2个必须 Why was six afraid of seven?
Tom how became thin and healthy? TOM如何变得瘦而健康的? 同上   How did Tom become thin and healthy
You were how long here?你上次在这里待了多久? 同上   How long were you here?
A human being can go how long without food?不吃食物人能活多久?↓同上   How long can a human being go without food?
*虚拟描写用非be系动词;*2个动词:前者=助动词,后者=谓语动词,不借do,用can操作.   /成功转化
     

三.不 能 变 被 动 的 句 子

3课存在句 定义:在某处存在物。 表述结果 无法变被动
典 型 例 句
中文 提示

*系动词词后的名词决定前面动词的变化。

*非be=强调特殊性 *there为虚拟主语+be=有<倒装形式>
There isn't a phone at my grandpa's house. *'s=的;同类词勿并列 =>>不用转化
在我祖父的房子里没有1部电话。 *地点状语要后置 *有某物在某处的句型
After the party,there wasn't a glass left whole. *时间状语可前置 *whole[houl]无损的
聚会后,没有一个完整的玻璃杯。    
All in all,there are five absent.[`æbsэnt] all in all/总的说来 *数词+形容词=虚拟名词<省略一个名词>
总共有5个人缺习。  

典型例句(续):用中文→学英文:多数不变→少数变=经验+实践
  提示
*疑问部分必须在句首后必须跟动词=2个必须   英 文: 对照/操作2个必须
There is how much money in my bank account? How much money is there in my bank account?
有多少钱在我的银行帐户(bank account[э`kaunt])里。   *句子必须会直译,学会直译再翻译。
There are how many hundreds in a thousand? How many hundreds are there in a thousand?
有多少个百在1千里? *有某物在某处的句型   *句子必须会直译,学会直译再翻译。
There were how many people?那里有多少人? How many people were there?
There are how many people in your famly? How many people are there in your family?

四.不 能 变 被 动 的 句 子

4课 占有句 定义:主语占有物。 表述结果 无法变被动
典 型 例 句
中文 提示

A cube has six surfaces.=*有got=英式口语

立方体有6个面。 立方体[kju:b] 表面[`sэ:fis]
A cut diamond has many faces.[`daiэmэnd]= 经切割的钻石有很多晶面. *cut过去分词=定语<1例>
A comb has teeth. 梳子有梳齿。 *comb[]koum]梳子<b无音>
They had no food. 他们没有食品。 *no+形=并非 *no+形er=一点也不
All the apples had worms in them. 这些苹果里都有蛀虫。 *worm[wэ:m]蛀虫
     

典型例句(续):用中文→学英文:多数不变→少数变=经验+实践
  提示
*疑问部分必须在句首后必须跟动词=2个必须   英 文: 对照/操作2个必须
You have how many people in your family? How many people do you have in your family?
你有多少口人在你的家里?   *句子必须会直译,学会直译再翻译。


【讲座B】
考点之二:动态/被动句切入...

    【规则1】动态句=动态;有宾语时有被动形式

    *温馨提示:1.谓语用动态动词陈述宾语被...如:play/teach...

              2.句子的宗旨以表述动作的结果为目的。


一.可变被动的句子--出现宾语时

第5课动态句[被]定义:强调宾语时用被动形式. 表述过程: 谓语后面跟宾语 *宾语取代原主语成为新的主语
典 型 例 句
中文 提示

The picture is already spoken for.

这幅画已经被预定了 *be+spoken for=被预定
Many a true word is spoken in jest.[d3est]笑话 戏言寓真理.many a许多的→ *I've been here many a time.
我多次来过这。
Newspapers are written in prose. 新闻是散文体。 *prose.[prouz]单调
Plays are written in dialogue.[`daiэl ):g] 剧本用对白写成。
Her gane was about played out. 她的花招几乎被用完。 *about几乎adv.
My bike got stolen. 我的自行车被偷了。 *got=was=被
*强调宾语时原主语可以省略。 多数不变/少数变=经验+实践 *学会直译好翻译

典型例句(续):用中文→学英文:多数不变→少数变=经验+实践
  提示:*2个动词:前者=助动词,后者=谓语动词
*疑问部分必须在句首后必须跟动词=2个必须   英 文: 对照/操作2个必须
主 You你like喜欢what什么kind种类of的music音乐? What kind of music is liked by you?操作2个必须
中 你喜欢她?=她被你喜欢。*强调宾语时请选择被动形式 She is liked by you. *学会直译好翻译
中 这种材料在乡村很受欢迎。同上 The material is most liked in the countryside.
It wasmade制造 where在哪儿? Where was it made? /成功转化
It when was invented? *inven[in`vent]发明 When was it invented?
He wasbornwhen何时? When was he born?
What language is spokenthere? 操作2个必须 = 不用转化
How many different languagesarespokenin the world世界today? = 不用转化
Whose knives and forks are made of plastic? 谁的刀叉是塑料制成的?=>>不用转化
Teais是被 how如何 made沏成的? How is tea made?/成功转化
They communicate交流what kind of information信息? What kind of information do they communicate?
     
     
     

主动[中]They他们call叫him他Bob.*Bob补语位置不变 He is called Bob by them. *by+宾格
主动[中]I我saw看到了him他dance跳舞.*dance补语
He was seen to dance by me.*补语位置不变
*补语前有[虚拟]主语时不+to.   *2个实义动词用to链接 *by+宾格=介宾结构
主动[中]Let me listen to you song the song.
You will be listened to sing the song by me.
∵let+me=动宾结构作主语=将来时∴用will be切换   *song the song=补语:位置不变.
     


二.可变2个被动的句子--出现2个宾语时
典型例句(续):用中文→学英文:多数不变→少数变=经验+实践
  提示:*2个动词:前者=助动词,后者=谓语动词
主动[中] You你 teach教 us我们 English英语。   ∵us=间接宾语;English=直接宾语∴有2个被动.
    被1 We are taught English by you.
    被2 English is taught us by you.
*疑问部分必须在句首后必须跟动词=2个必须   英 文: 对照/操作2个必须 /成功转化
主动[中]Who teaches us English? 被1 Who(m) is English taught us by?
    被2 Who(m) are we taught English by?
被3 By whom is English taught us?
被4 By whom are we taught English?
主动[中]You你 teach教 whom谁 English英语? 被1 Who(m) is taught English by you?
    被2 Who(m) is English taught by you?
主动[中]You你teach教us我们what什么language语言? 被1 What language is taught us by you?
被2 What language are we taught by you?
主动[中]You你how如何teach教us我们 English英语? 被1 How is English taught us by you?
被2 How are we taught English by you?
主动[中] You你 why为什么 don't teach教 us我们 被1 Why isn't English taught us by you?
→English英语? 被2 Why aren't we taught English by you?
     
     
     


【讲座C】
考点之三:动态/无被动句切入...

    【规则1】判断句/描写句/存在句/占有句=静态无被动

             ★
动态句=动态无宾语无被动;有宾语无被动

    *温馨提示:1.谓语用动态动词陈述主语做什么。如:come/go ...

              2.句子的宗旨以强调主语的动作为目的。

              3.句子的宗旨以弱化载体的承受(力)概念作为目的。

              4.句子的宾语以非实物为特征。如:不定式,分词短语。


动态句/无被动的句子→用法

 

第6课动态句[无被动]

1.表述过程:谓语后面不跟宾语
2.有宾语:但谓语后的栽体被弱化→
*多出现地点/时间...等状语
*多出现倾向于主语的动作动词。
典 型 例 句
中文 提示

Tom and I set off early in the morning.

我和汤姆一早就出发了.
*set off动身
=We started our journey.
[`d3э:ni]旅行n.vi.
He ran rather than walked to school. 他是跑着,而不是走着去上学的。 *rather宁可...than比起
Did you use to go there? 你以往常到那儿去吗? *to be=不定式=3非谓
Why is the snake coming out of the box? 这条蛇为什么正在爬出这个盒子? The snake why is coming out of the box?<中式>
He prefers宁可 to去read读书 rather更多地than比sit idle[`aidl]. 他更喜欢读书而不愿坐着。
*宾语=不定式/非实物:无被动
*prefer+不定式/名词+rather than+不带to的不定式=更喜欢...而不愿
I found myself in the park. 我不知不觉地进了公园
*宾语=反身代词:无被动
The man introduced himself as Mr.Parker. 那个人自我介绍说他是帕克。 同上
What will会happen发生 if如果there is no 没有water水? *动态句+存在句 =>>不用转化.
Which team队 won胜了 the game比赛?   =>>不用转化.
How many of your classmates同学like watching television  best最? 你的同学中有多少人最爱看电视? *宾语=分词短语/非实物:无被动
He preferred doing something to doing nothing. 他更喜欢做点什么,而不喜欢闲着.  
<>We will have a meeting. 我们将有一个会议。 *谓语=静态动词:无被动
=<动/被>A meeting will be held. *hold举行<held=过;过分> *have→hold=动态:有被动
He became a director.[di`rektэ] 他当上了主任。 *谓语=静态动词:无被动
=He was preferred to be a director. *[pri`fэ]推荐/提升*to+be=不定式 *becameprefer=动态:有被动
<>The store is closed today. 这家商店今天不开门. *状态:不营业
=<动/被>The store is closed at five. 这家商店在5:00开门. *动作:门被打开
     
     
[规则] 句子有2个谓语动词时,由前者变否/疑/答...后者不变,位置也不变。


有/无被动的句子→参与讨论

下列句子哪些能变被动? 有何根据? 说出为什么?
You like and don't like what about each season? 关于每个季节你喜欢和不喜欢什么? What do you like and don't like about each season?
中 You why spend your time this way? /转化:疑问部分必须在句首后必须跟动词 Why do you spend your time this way?
Americans how spell these words? 同上 How do Americans spell these words?
You你wantto要do做what什么on在Sunday周日? 在周日你想要做什么? *谓语=1个动词时,无be动词借do操作. What do you want to do on Sunday?
The woman got what marks in her exam? 同上 What marks did the woman get in her exam?
You speak How many languages? 同上 How many languages do you speak?
You你did做了what什么to pass消磨the time时间? 同上:无be借do,谓语did还原do. What did you do to pass the time?
The man suggests建议the woman do what什么? 中英转化/疑问部分必须在句首后必须跟动词。 What does the man suggest the woman do?
You will take带your friends to where? 同上/合成谓语用前1个动词操作 Where will you take your friends to?
We shall put the table where? 同上 Where shall we put the table?
We will stay停留how long? 同上 How long will we stay?
You你how怎么can能negate[ni`geit]否定God? 你怎么能否定上帝的存在呢? How can you negate God?
She is going to打算go where哪儿? *谓语动词有2个go时可省略后者 Where is she going to go?
I'm going to how to practise my English now? 现在我将如何练习我的英语?
做中
/转化
练习
How am I going to practise my English now?
You are going to do what in the holidays? 你打算干什么在假期?
做中/转化练习
What are you going to do in the holidays?
Your son gets much/far too much pocket money. 你儿子的零花钱太多了.  
*much/many被much/far修饰时 如 much/far+too much,
far+too many
*多用于肯定形式.
Why don't you forget about it? It's all over. 你为什么不把他忘掉?事情已经过去了。 (=It is finished.被动)
On the way to the station,I bought some chocolate. 在去车站的路上,我买了些巧克力.  
They did not allow us to enter the museum before 9 o'clock. 他们不允许我们在9点之前进博物馆。 *to stay=不定式
Tom set up a new world record for the 400 metres. Tom为400米跑创造了1个新的世界纪录. *set up创造
Who is learning English as well as French? 谁在学英语,学法语呢? =>>不用转化
You have hardly eaten anything. 几乎没有吃任何东西呀。  
In the fighy,the thief knocked the policeman out.
在博斗中,小偷把警察打昏了. *unconscious不省人事的
[Λn`k ) n∫эs]
=The policeman was unconscious for three minutes.
The shop assistant knocked 10% off the bill. 售贷员给了他10%的优惠。
*knock[n ) k]贬损
=He reduced the price by 10%.*reduce[ri`dju:s]缩减
Captain Alison will set out at eight o'clock. 艾理森船长将于8点出发。
*set out开始
=He will start his journey.
[`d3э:ni]旅行
He will not arrive until 10 o'clock. 他要到10点钟才能到。
<=不到10点钟,他将不会到达>
*学会直译好翻译
I will never forget this interesting lesson.
He'll need any help she can get. 他将需要任何她所能做到的帮助。 *any最小限度/最大限度
Give me a plate,Any plate/one will do. 给我1个盘子,无论哪个都行。 *any=我不在乎哪一个
He is such an irritable person,you can hardly speak to him. 他这个人如此容易发怒,你简直没有办法与他讲话。 *irritable[`iritэbl]易怒的
If he is out,I'll call tomorrow. 如果他不在,我明天打电话。 *主将--从现
If it rains tomorrow,We'll stay at home. 如果明天下雨,我们将呆在家里。  
You'll miss the train if you don't hurry. 你如果不快一点儿,会误了火车的。  
If you see him,will you tell him about it? 如果你见到他,你能告诉他那件事吗?  
If he is working,I won't disturb[dis`tэ:b] him. 如果他正在干活,我就不打搅了. *第1句=/现进
If you make a mistake,correct it. 如果你出了一个错,纠正它。 *祈使句=将来时
If you don't like the food,don't eat it. 如果你不喜欢,就别吃它了。 同上
Please don't disturb him if he is busy. 如果他正忙着,请别打搅他。 同上 *第2句=描写句
He will come tomorrow if he can. 如果有可能的话,他明天会来的。 *主将从将<虚拟=假设>
If they can help you they will. 如果他们有可能,他们会帮你的。 同上
If I have time, I'll be writing to him tomorrow. 如果我有时间,我明天给他写信.
*第1句=占有句
*主=将,从=现
Jimmy's caused quite a lot of trouble at his new school. *cause[k ):z]引起vt.n. 吉米在他的新学校里惹了许多麻烦。 *a lot of(不同lots of或plenty of)可以被quite/rather所修饰.
By the way ,have you seen Tom recently? 顺便问一句,你最近见过Tom吗?  
I have lived here/haven't lived here (for)many years. 我住在这里已有/没有许多年. *many表时间时,可用肯/否形式
He saves old ebvelopes.In this way,he has collected a great many stamps. 他搜集旧信封,用这种办法他搜集了大量的邮票。  
Have you brought much luggage? -No,not much. 你带了很多行李吗? 不,不多. *not much/many可用于简答
Have you written many letters? -No,not many. 你写了很多信吗? 不,不多. 同上
Not much is really known about dinosaurs. 关于恐龙我们确实知道得并不多。[`dainэs ):]恐龙
*not much/not many可用做主语或主语的一部分。
     

例句合成:

He will repair your watch.他会修理你的表.<人:主动>
Your watch will be repaired.你的表会修好的.<物:被动>
He can repair your watch. 他能修你的表。 <人:主动>
Your watch can be repaired. 你的表能修好。 <物:被动>

They must test this new car.他们必须试试这辆新车.<人:主动> *test试验
This new car must be tested.这辆新车必须试一试。 <物:被动>
You have to write this letter again.你必须重写这封信.<人:主动>
This letter has to be written again.这封信必须重写。 <物:被动>

I told you he could do it.我告诉你他做。<人:主动>
I told you it could be done.我告诉你这件事能做。<物:被动>
I told you he would do it.我告诉你他做这件事。<人:主动>
I told you it would be done.我告诉你这件事会干好的。<物:被动>

I can't find my bag,Someone has stolen it.<人:主动>
我找不到我的提包.有人偷走了。
I can't find my bag.It has been stolen. <物:被动>
我找不到我的提包.它被偷走了。

.............................................................................................
被动语态的总结:

   语态有两种:主动语态和被动语态。
   主语是动作的发出者为主动语态;主语是动作的接受者为被动语态。
1)若宾语补足语是不带to 的不定式,变为被动语态 时,该不定式前要加"to"。此类动词为感官动词。
feel, hear, help, listen to, look at, make, observe, see, notice, watch

The teacher made me go out of the classroom.
--> I was made to go out of the classroom (by the teacher).
We saw him play football on the playground.
--> He was seen to play football on the playground.

2)情态动词+ be +过去分词,构成被动语态。
Coal can be used to produce electricity for agriculture and industry. \

***短语动词的被动语态
  短语动词是一个整体,不可丢掉后面的介词或副词。
This is a photo of the power station that has been set up in my hometown.
My sister will be taken care of by Grandma.
Such a thing has never been heard of before..

........................................................................................................................

*英语中有两种语态:主语是动作的发出者为主动语态,主语是动作的承受者为被动语态。

被动语态的构成\助动词be/get+过去分词(vt)

助动词有人称、数和时态的变化,其变化与be作为系动词时完全一样。
现以“tell”为例说明被动语态的各种时态构成。

时态

被动语态结构

一般现在时

am/is/are told

一般过去时

was/were told

一般将来时

will/shall be told

现在进行时

am/is/are being told

过去进行时

was/were being told

现在完成时

have/has been told

过去完成时

had been told

过去将来时

would/should be told

注意:被动语态的否定句在助动词加not。把be放在句首构成被动语态的疑问句。例如:

I was not invited to the party.我没有被邀请参加晚会。

Are you invited to the party?你被邀请参加晚会了吗?

2.主\被动语态的转换

主动:主语-谓语-宾语 

被动:宾语-be+过去分词-by+主语

注意:①主动\被动互转时,时态不变。

②主语=代词,变为被动句by后的宾语时,用'宾格'形式;
主动句的宾语=代词,变成被动句主语,用'主格'形式。

例句:People grow rice in the south.

→Rice is grown in the south.

He gave me a watch.

→A watch was given by him.

I was given a watch.

They made Tom monitor.

→Tom was made monitor(by them).

They are building a new school.

→A new school is being built(by them).

She takes care of the baby.

→The baby is taken care of (by her).

We must do it today.

→It must be done(by us) today.

They will finish the work tomorrow.

→The work will be finished(by them) tomorrow.

He has written the novel.

→The novel has been written(by him).

3.没有被动语态的动词

(1)不及物动词,如:happen\rise\take place等。例如:

What happened to him? 他出什么事了?

(2)表状态的及物动词。如:have、fit、cost、weigh等。例如:I have a car. 我有一辆车。
..............................................................................................


** 被动形式表示主动意义:

be determined, be pleased, be graduated (from), be finished, be prepared (for), be occupied (in), get marries
He is graduated from a famous university.
   他毕业于一所有名的大学。

注意:表示同某人结婚,用marry sb. 或get married to sb. 都可。
He married a rich girl.
He got married to a rich girl.
..........................................................................

** 动词let 与被动形式的用法:

1)当let后只有一个单音节动词,变被动语态时,可用不带to 的不定式。
They let the strange go.---> The strange was let go.

2)若let 后宾补较长时,let 通常不用被动语态,而用allow或permit 代替。
The nurse let me go to see my classmate in the hospital.
----> I was allowed / permitted to see my classmate in the hospital.
..................................................................................

*** 动词need/want/require/worth与被动形式的用法:

   注意:当 need, want, require, worth(形容词)后面接doing也可以表示被动。
Your hair wants cutting. 你的头发该理了。
The floor requires washing. 地板需要冲洗。
The book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。

典型例题
The library needs___, but it'll have to wait until Sunday.
A. cleaning B. be cleaned C. clean D. being cleaned
   答案A. need (实意) +n /to do,need (情态)+ do,当为被动语态时,
还可need + doing. 本题考最后一种用法,选A。如有to be clean 则也为正确答案。
典:done,"不可能已经"。must not do 不可以(用于一般现在时)。
..................................................................................

**没有被动语态的动词
1.become/cost/enter/fail/have/leave<非动作动词:无被动>
2.不及物动词+方位/方向/方面/原因时<非实物词作宾语:无被动>
3.动词+自身/相互代词;动名词/不定式/现在分词/过去分词短语时<某一行为作宾语:无被动>
4.判断句/描写句/存在句/占有句=为静态形式时<无被动>
5.不用被动语态的情况
1) 不及物动词或动词短语无被动语态:
appear, die disappear, end (vi. 结束), fail, happen, last, lie, remain, sit, spread, stand
break out, come true, fall asleep, keep silence, lose heart, take place.
After the fire, very little remained of my house.

  比较: rise, fall, happen是不及物动词;raise, seat是及物动词。

(错) The price has been risen.
(对) The price has risen.
(错) The accident was happened last week.
(对) The accident happened last week.
(错) The price has raised.
(对) The price has been raised.
(错) Please seat.
(对) Please be seated.

   要想正确地使用被动语态,就须注意哪些动词是及物的,哪些是不及物的。特别是一词多义的动词往往有两种用法。解决这一问题唯有在学习过程中多留意积累。

2) 不能用于被动语态的及物动词或动词短语:
fit, have, hold, marry, own, wish, cost, notice, watch agree with, arrive at / in, shake hands with, succeed in, suffer from, happen to, take part in, walk into, belong to

This key just fits the lock.
Your story agrees with what had already been heard.

3) 系动词无被动语态:
appear, be become, fall, feel, get, grow, keep, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn
It sounds good.

4) 带同源宾语的及物动词,反身代词,相互代词,不能用于被动语态:
die, death, dream, live, life
She dreamed a bad dream last night.

5) 当宾语是不定式时,很少用于被动语态。
(对) She likes to swim.
(错) To swim is liked by her.

*目录αэ Λ θ η δ ∫ æ ) *加载中 ...

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