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2.描写句过去时

现在时过去时将来时过去将来时完成时过去完成时将来完成时过将完成时现在进行时

过去进行时将来进行时 过去将来进行时10大公式其它时态综合理解 全 貌 查 看 目录

 

第1课

描写句过去时 公式:主+糸+表(糸=be=was were)

定义:用形容词描写过去的事物怎么样?[表语在解释主语]

肯 That actress was wealthy.  那位女演员过去很富有。*用形容词wealthy(表语)描写主语

否 That actress wasn't wealthy.那位女演员过去不富有.[wasn't=was not]

疑 Was that actress wealthy?  那位女演员过去富有吗?(动词引导+"?")

答 Yes,she was. No, she wasn't.

常用句:

He was very much delighted[di`laitid] with the results. 他对这个结果感到非常满意。*with=对

You were wise to sell that old car.你将旧车卖掉是明智的。

第2课 描写句过去时 特殊疑问

2个必须:疑问词/疑问词组"必须"置于句首.疑问词/疑问词组后面"必须"有动词(如:8W 1H)

用此方法翻译英文句子准确*按照中文方式首先写出该句子,再按照"2个必须"操作 如:

特 问 Who was wealthy?   谁过去很富有?(英文=中文)

全 答 She was wealthy.   她过去很富有。(全问全答)

特 中 That actress was how?  *how前置,was解冲突。语序倒置

英 How was that actress?()  那位女演员过去怎么样?

特 中 You were how?    *how前置,were解冲突。语序倒置

英 How were you?()    你过去怎么样?

特 中 They were how?   *how前置,were解冲突。

英 How were they?()   他们过去怎么样?

特 中 Which one was afraid of monsters?()中=英

英 Which one was afraid of monsters?()哪位过去害怕怪物?

特 中 Who was very humble?()   中=英

英 Who was very humble?()     谁过去很谦虚?

特 中 Her son was how humble?    *how humble前置,was解冲突。语序倒置

英 How humble was her son?()  她的儿子过去有多么谦虚?语序倒置
特 中 Her son was why humble?    *why前置,was解冲突。

英 Why was her son humble?()她的儿子过去为什么谦虚?

特 中 Which son was very humble?() 中=英

英 Which son was very humble?() 哪个儿子过去很谦虚?

特 中 She why was feeble?      *why was除外,语序=中文

英 Why was she feeble?()    她为什么变得虚弱?

特 中 Whose cookies were spicy?()  中=英

英 Whose cookies were spicy?()  谁家的小甜饼味香?

特 中 The fields when were frosty?   *when前置,were解冲突。语序倒置

英 When were the fields frosty?() 田野何时有的冰霜? 

特 中 They where were tardy?()    *where前置,were解冲突。

英 Where were they tardy?()   他们在哪儿缓慢下来了?

特 中 Who was alert?()     中=英

英 Who was alert?()     谁是很机敏的?

特 中 The scholar was how frank?  *how frank前置,was解冲突。

英 How frank was the scholar?() 这个学者有多真诚呢?语序倒置

第3课 描写句过去时 感叹形式

2个必须:感叹词组"必须"置于句首,其后"必须"跟主语,用what引导名词作感叹词组,其它由how引导.

中=英↓用此方法翻译英文句子准确*按照中文方式首先写出该句子 再按照"2个必须"操作如:

感 中 He was how alert !  * how alert前置句首,但was不提前.

英 How alert he was !  他是多么机敏啊! *感叹词组+he was!

He was so angry!   他是如此的气愤! *so=how(用肯定形式)

The roads were that icy! 这些路面是如此多的冰!*that=how(用肯定形式)

第4课 描写句过去时选择疑问形式 公式:一般疑问+ "or"

选择疑问 Was he alert or torpid?他是机敏的还是迟钝的?

Either the judge or the two witnesses were wrong.不是法官就是证人错了。*选择疑问的变异

Either the two witnesses or the judge was wrong. 不是证人就是法官错了。*选择疑问的变异

*当主语是由or连接几个名词短语时,动词短语与or后面的一个名词短语保持一致。[`witnis证人]

第5课 描写句过去时反义疑问形式

公式:肯定+一般疑问

反问形式 He was alert,wasn't he?他是机敏的,不是吗?

第6课 描写句过去时要点提示:

1.特殊疑问中,疑问词(或疑问词组)必须置于句首,其后必须有动词。

2.感叹形式=感叹词组必须置于句首,其后必须跟主语。

3.what which whose能独立使用,后面遇到名词变为疑问词组. 如:what color,what time...

4.how能独立使用,一但遇到形容词或副词时变为疑问词组。如:how old,how much...

5.以上4个词之外的疑问词不能构成疑问词组.如:why,when,who,whom,where...

6.不译出“过去”两字,这种翻译法称为“意译”。

7. 表语由解释主语的名词或形容词充当。

8.单词: humble谦虚的 spicy香的 alert机敏的

9.扩展:modest谦虚的(由humble联想)nimble机敏的(由alert联想)

10.be将来时be/现在时am is are/过去时was were/完成时been/进行时being

第7课 描写句过去时典型例句:建议入门者暂不阅读 ↓

She acted as if she were mad. 她的举动好象疯了似的.(+)

*as if 引导的方式状语=描写句 *were=be的虚拟用法(如用was=真实写照)

It was that cold, (that) I could hardly get to sleep. *that=so口语中用

如此地冷,以至于我无法入睡.

They finished the game,although the weather was wet.尽管下着雨,他们还是坚持赛完了.*wet雨的

=Although the weather was wet,they finished the game.*although引导的让步状语=/过去时

现位置过去时*学习者请访问将来时*教学者请访问 答疑陆续 1 2 3...

[陆续答疑] 英语10万个为什么?建议入门者暂不阅读 页底

1.用but连接2个形容词怎么写为什么?答:转折关系

The hotel was cheap but clean. 这家旅馆便宜却很干净。

2.肯It was cold and wet.天气又冷又潮湿。反义句怎么写为什么?:记住连词or/neither+nor。

否It wasn't cold or wet.   天气不冷也不潮湿.

=It was neither cold nor wet.  天气既不冷也不潮湿。

3.could 造的句子,能否与描写句组成简单答话 →为什么?:能。注意时态要一致。

Could she buy the car?→Yes,she could.→It was cheap enough for her to buy.描写句

她能买那部汽车吗? 是的,她能买.  对她来说,是足够的便宜去买下它.

Could she eat the pear?→Yes,she could.→It was soft enough for her to tea.描写句

她能吃那个梨吗?   是的,她能吃.  对她来说,是足够软的去吃下它.

1题:

Could they eat the cakes?→Yes,hey could.→They were fresh __ for them to tea.

他们能吃那些蛋糕吗? 是的,他们能吃. 对他们来说,是足够新鲜的去吃下它们.

2题:

Could she answer all the questions?→Yes,she could.→They were easy __ for her to answer.

她能回答所有的问题吗? 是的,她能. 对她来说,是足够的简单去回答它们.

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答案1题:Could they eat the cakes?→Yes,hey could.→They were fresh enough for them to tea.

2题:Could she answer all the questions?→Yes,she could.→They were easy enough for her to answer.

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