赵氏52英语同义句 著作 太阳 ZHAOFU <项目好 可投资>
同义句 上接-正误句zw
..............................................................................
[规则]
必须保留原义,必须切换关键词。
提示:请先用汉语推论出结果来,再对照原文进行切换,以下↓

1.快点,否则你会迟到的.<4种‘否则'有or=if not=otherwise=or else俚语>
>Hurry up,or you'll be late for school.
=Hurry up,otherwise you'll be late for school.
=Hurry up,if not you'll be late for school.
=Hurry up,or else you'll be late for school.*俚语:是1种见识浅薄的语言(俗气-庸俗-平凡)。

2.我也是。
So am I.=I'm too.
3.我也有。So have I.=I've too.

4.我也在。So am I.扩展=I'm working too.
5.汤姆也是。So was Tom.扩展=Tom was late too.

6.我也不。6.Neither am I=I'm not either.
7.我也不能。Neither can I.=I can't either.

8.我也没有。Neither have I.=I haven't either.
9.汤姆也不会。Neither can Tom.=Tom can't either.

10.我没结婚。I'm not married.我也是。Nor am I. Neither am I.


问 你们呢? Did you? 答 彼此彼此。So did we.
问 我要去香港。I'd like to go to HK.答 我也是。So would I.


.......................................................................................
1.他1小时前就到这了.[He before ago=中心词]
>
He had been here an hour before.
>He came before one o'clock.同上。
>He came three hours
ago.同上。*考点:过去时/过去完成时

2.我们同意早动身.[we agreed early start=中心词]
>
We agreed on an early start.
>We agreed on making an early start.
同上。
>We agreed to star early.同上。
>We agreed that we should start early.同上。*考点:过去时/过去完成时

3.这就是他不喜欢我的原因。
+>That's the reason he dislikes me.

=That's the reason
for which he dislikes me.*for which引导的定语
=That's the reason
why he dislikes me.*why引导的定语
=That's
why he dislikes me.*why引导的表语

4.事实不允许有别的解释
>The facts permit of no other explanation.*省略of也可以.
=The facts permit no other explanation.

5.你为什么不理发?
词法:have=get的用法。
>Why don't you have your hair cut?*省略of也可以.
=Why don't you get your hair cut? *get=建议性命令


6.狗是忠诚的动物。词法:a dog可以用dogs进行切换。
>
A dog is a faithful animal.*[`feiθfl]忠诚的
=Dogs are faithful animals.*注意冠词与非冠词在同义句中的应用


7.妇女也能做这事。词法:a woman可以用women进行切换

>
Even a woman can do it.
=Even women can do it.*注意冠词与非冠词在同义句中的应用

8.女性总是温柔的。

>The woman is always gentle.*[`d3entl]

=A moman is always gentle.*注意冠词与非冠词在同义句中的应用
=Women are always rentle.*系动词为非be=虚拟描写

9.据说,他出国了。
>He is said to have gone abroad.
=
It is said that he has gone abroad.

10.他们建议我们不仅要参加晚会,还要进行表演.

>
They suggested not only should we attend the party but also give a performance.
=They suggested us giving a performance as well as attending the party.


.......................................................................................
1.
请等到一下。要点:记住切换不同的宾格,如:minute=second=moment.
>Wait a minute,please.
Wait a second,please.
=Please wait a moment.
=Just a minute
.


2.我们常常在傍晚听到警报声。考点:用of an evening与in the evening互换
>Often,of an evening,we'd hear the sirens.siren[`saiэrin汽笛
=Often,in the evening,we'd hear the sirens.


3.每张价是10美元。

>Each of the tickers costs 10 dollars.语法:句中的each表示单数概念。
The tickets cost 10 dollars each.
The tickets each cost 10 dollars.语法:句中的each是主语tickets的同位语,也表示复数概念.

4.我们同意早动身。
>We agreed on an early start.
=We agreed on making an early start.
=We agreed to start early.
=We agreed that we should start early.

5.我以前见过他。
>
I have seen him before.
=I saw him before.

语法:可用过去时切换完成时。

6.两只猫都在睡觉
>Both cats are asleep.[э`sli:p]a.ad.睡着的
语法:本句中both是形容词,作cats的定语。
>Both the cats are asleep.语法:本句中both是代词,作the cats的同位语既并列主语。
>Both of the cats are asleep.语法:本句中both是代词,作主语。of the cats是后置定语。
>The cats are both asleep.
语法:本句中both是副词,作asleep的状语。副词=状语。副词能修饰句子、动词、形、副词。
both[bouθ]a.pron.ad.conj.有4种词性.

7.他忙于家庭作业。词法:可以用at去切换→with→over→doing→writing.

>He is busy at his homework.
=He is bust with his homework.
=He is busy over his homework.
=He is busy doing his homework.
=He is busy writing his homework.
语法:先写结果‘主+系+表',再先其它的原则。
词法:本句中的atwithoverdoingwriting,中间切换,两边不变之原理。

8.除了汤姆,我们全到了。词法:but=except=save=除....外

>
We are all here but Tom.
=We are all here except Tom.
=We are all here save Tom.
语法:先写结果‘主+系+表',再先其它的原则。使用save不及but与except普遍。
词法:本句中的butexceptsave,中间切换,两边不变之原理。

9.我忍不住大笑起来。

>I cannot help laughing.
=I cannot but laugh.
=I cannot help but laugh.

10.钉子钩住了她的裙子。
>A nail caught her skirt.
=Her skirt caught on a nail.
=She caught her skirt on a nail.

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1.请替我挑个好的。词法:可将me移置句未,但前面必须加上介词for.
>
Choose me a good one,please.
Choose a good one for me,please
.

2.咱们去看电影吧!词法:可将cinema切换成美式的movies.
>Let's go to the cinema
!
=Let's go to the movies.(美)

3.他是位很好的厨师。
>He is a very good cook
.
=>He cooks well.
语法:将判断句切换成动态句

4.
我花了5元钱买了这本书。考点:量词yuan后面无s;但dollar的复数+s.
>
The book cost me 5 yuan.
I spent 5 yuan on the book.
I sent 5 yuan in buying the book.
I paid 5 yuan for the book.

5.今天几号?
>What's the date today
?
=>What day of the month is it today?
比对≠>
What day is it today?
考点:星期几what day≠what's the date=what day of the month几号

今天星期几? What day is it today?

6.我的祖父已经去世长达已10年了。语法:由简单句可以用从句进行切换。
>My grandfather has been dead for ten years
.
=+>It is ten years since my grandfather died.
时态:请注意主句是现在时,而由since引导的从句是过去时;以事实为根据来写时态。

7.
孩子们向马路那头跑去。
方法:用介词along去切换副词dowon.
>The children run down the road.
>The children run along the road.

8.我不知道.
方法:用占有句去切换动态句.
>I've no idea.语法:而英语的思维要说‘我没有主意'。
=>I don't know
.语法:该句英语语序同中文语序相同也是说‘我不知道'。

9.他们中的每人有1房间。
>Each of them has a room.
=>They have a room each
.
语法:
第1句中的each=‘每个'是代词,如:Each did his share.每个人都做了自己的那份工作。
第2句中的each=‘各自地'是副词,如:The apples are fifty cents each.苹果是50美分,每1个。

10.他有足够的时间去做这件工作。考点:句中的enough置于名词前后皆可;句中的to可译为‘去'.
>
He has enough time to do the work.
>He has time enough to do the work.
>He has enough time that he can do the work
.
句型:enough...that(+从句)=有足够的...去做...
>There's enough time for him to do the work.记住:还可用存在句去切换占有句

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1.
这问题很容易,我可以解决。考点:句中的enough置于非名词后。

>
The problem is easy enough for me to work out.成语:work out解决,如遇代词时要置于词组中.
本句英语思维:这问题是容易的足够地对于我去解决.
成语如遇代词时,要置于词组中,如:
+>
The problem is so easy that I can work it out.
本句英语思维:这问题是如此地容易以致于我能去解决它.
>
I can work out the problem easily
.
本句英语思维:我能解决这问题,容易地.

2.不是每个人都能成为作家。考点:注意句中not的位置变化。
>
Not every man can be a writer.
=Every man cannot be a writer
.
精华:句中的not一旦遇到时间副词时必须翻译成‘不是每个人...',而不是全否定的译法。

3.对不起,来迟了。考点:注意句中的me for可用my来切换。
>
Excuse me for coming late.
英语的思维:原谅我,来迟了。考点:注意句中not的位置变化。
=Excuse my coming late
.英语思维:原谅我的来迟。

4.他打了漂亮的一仗。
>
He fought a good fight. fight-fought-fought[f):t]vit.n.打仗
英语的思维:他打了1个漂亮仗
=He fought well
.英语思维:他打的好。

5.给我去倒1杯水来。要点:宾格作间接宾语时可置于谓语动词后,或者以for me的状语形式后置.
>
Go and fill me a glass of water.fill[fil]vti.n.装满
=Go and fill a glass of water for me
.

6.请帮我找支钢笔。要点:代词的宾格作间接宾语时,可以for me的状语形式后置.
>
Please find me a pen.英语思维:请找给我1支钢笔。
=Please find a pen for me
.英语思维:请找支钢笔为我。

7.
非洲有大象。方法:用主动被动的切换来写同义句.
主动>
You can find elephants in Africa.英语思维:你能发现大象们在非洲。
=被动>Elephants are found in Africa
.英语思维:大象们被发现在非洲.<注意地点后置的现象>

8..我觉得这本书很有趣。中=英
>I found the book interesting.提示:句中的形容词前应该有be,它同interesting构成系表结构。
=>I found the book to be interesting.句中的to=it=book;be=系动词;既it is interesting.
=+>I found that the book was interesting
.时态:过→过

9.我们发现他已死了。(中=英) 方法:用主动被动的切换来写同义句。
主动
>We found him dead
.提示:句中的dead宾补构成‘宾补'结构。
=被动>He was found dead.他被发现已死了。

10.他步行去上学。方法:请用walk to+地点,去切换go to+地点+on foot.
>
He goes to school on foot.英语思维:他去上学靠步行。
=>He walks to school
.他步行去上学。

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1.他因为生病,所以没有来。方法:请记住从句的引导词because=since=as=for=因为
+>
He did not come,because he was ill.
=He did not come,since he was sick.
=He did not come,as he fell ill.fall[f ):l]-fell[fel]-fallen[`f):ln]n.vi.
=He did not come,for he was not feeling well.

补:of=因为,如:Her friend died of hepatitis[,hepэ`taitis].她的朋友因患肝炎而死。

2.
我3点到6点在睡觉.方法:请记住from three to six=for three hours.
>I was asleep from three to six.
=I was asleep for three hours.

3.他可以随便进入这房间.方法:请记住不定式(to enter)可用of去切换。
>
He is free to enter the room.
= He is free of the room
.

4.我替他找到1份工作。要点:代词宾格作间接宾语时,可以用for him的状语形式后置.
>I got him a job.
= I got a job for him
.

5.我昨天理发了。要点:got可用had切换,表示主语使(让)宾语产生某一结果。
使役
>
I got my hair cut yesterday.
= I had my hair cut yesterday
.

6.我给了那男孩1本书。要点:间接宾语可以用to the boy的状语形式后置.
>
I gave the boy a book.
= I gave a book to the boy
.

7.他给汤姆1支笔。要点:间接宾语可以用to Tom的状语形式后置.
>
She gave Tom a pen.
= She gave a pen to Tom
.

8.她总是把头发披在肩上。请记住切换词组:let...down=hang down=flow down.
使役>
She always lets her hair down.
=Her hair always hangs down on her shoulders.
=Her hair always flows down her shoulders
.

9.那名男孩的手很脏。方法:描写句占有句成功切换。
>
The boy's hands were dirty.经验:2个名词可用's连接。
=>
The boy had dirty hands.

10.他是名勤奋的学生。方法:判断句动态句成功切换。
>
He is a hard student.英语思维:他是名努力的学生。句中的hard是形容词,能修饰名词。
=>He studies hard
.英语思维:他学习努力。句中的hard是副词,能修饰动词。

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1.雨下得很大。词法:句中的hard被heavily成功切换。
>
It's raining hard
.
>It's raining heavily.

2.上学期我几乎没怎么念书。成语:do kork=念书.
>
I hardly studied at all last term.
= I did very little work
.

3.我刚到达那里,雨就开始下了。
+>
I had hardly reached there when it began to rain.记句型:reach...when+从句.
=I had hardly arrived there before it began to rain.句型切换:arrive...before+从句.
=Hardly had I reached there when it began to rain.
◎利用从句切换:Hardly had+句子(属于倒装形式)...when+句子...

=No sooner had I reached there than it began to rain.
◎利用从句切换:No sooner had+句子(属于倒装形式)...than+句子.

=As soon as I arrived there,it began to rain
.
◎利用从句切换:As soon as+从句...+主句...

4.我真不想麻烦你。要点:用不定式to troubl去切换现在分词troubling.
>
I hate to trouble you.
= I hate troubling you
.

5.我不愿让她离开。要点:用不定式to leave去切换that引导的从句.
>
I hate her to leave.
=+>I hate that she should leave
.

6.她戴着新帽子。方法:占有句动态句成功切换。
>
She has a new hat on.注意:句中的on在词尾出现是该句的关键.
=>She is wearing a new hat
.

7.别激动,保持冷静.
+>
Don't lose your head,just keep your head.
= Don't get excited,just stay calm
.别激动,保持冷静.单词clam[klæm]n.沉默寡言的人
英语思维:别变得激动,恰好停留沉默。

8.我没有办法。

>I cannot help it.英语思维:我不能帮助它。句中的cannot=can not=can't是不同的否定形式。
=>It cannot be helped.英语思维:它不能被帮助。句中的be+过分=被动形式
=>There is no help for it
.英语思维:没有帮助为了它。句中there+be=有,no表示全否定。

9.浮云遮住了太阳。
=>
The cloud hid the sun.单词hide[haid]vt.隐蔽<现hide-过hid-过分hid\hidden>
=>The sun was hidden by the cloud
.这太阳被遮蔽,由这浮云。句中的sun前面要有定冠词the.

10.已经是该就寝的时候了。
It is high time for sleep.
②It is high time to go to bed.
③It is high time he went to bed
.

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1.We had a great evening at Philip's.(=at Philips house)
我们在菲利普家里度过了1个非常美好的夜晚。

2.We hope to see you again.
= We hope that we can see you again
.我们希望能再1次见到你。

3.I went there in hopes of meeting some friends.
=I went there in the hope that I might meet some friends
.
我到那边去,希望能遇见几个朋友。
4.He went to hospital.
= (美)He is in hospital
.他住进医院了。

5.He is in hospital.
=(美)He is in the hospital
.他正在住院。

6.What time is it? I have no idea(= I don't know)现在几点啦?我不知道。

7.Do you like coffee?If so (=is you do like it),have a cup of coffee.
If not (= If you do not like it),I'll make you a cup of tea
.
你喜欢咖啡吗?如果不喜欢就喝一杯吧。如果不喜欢,我就给你泡杯茶。

8.Will you join us for coffee? =have coffee with us?
你愿意和我们一起喝咖啡吗?

9.Everyone joined in(= was a part of )the game.人人都参加了这个游戏.

10.Just a moment,please!
=Please wait a moment
.请稍等。

.....................................................................................
1.She jumped to her feet(=stood up quickly
).他一跃而起。

2.It's just ten o'clock.
= It's ten sharp
.刚好十点钟.

3.那种问题很难回答.
That kind of questions is very difficult to answer.
②Questions of that kind are very difficult to answer
.

4.He was kind enough to show me the way.
= He was so kind as to show me the way
.承他好意指给我路。

5.It is kind of you to help me.
= You are kind to help me
.多谢你帮助我.

6.It is important for him to do so.
= To do so is important for him
.他这样做很重要。
但是不能说:He is important to do so. P168

7.When did you last see him ?
= When did you see him last
?你最近一次是什么时候见到他?

8.水够我们用3天。
The water will last three days.
②The water will last us three days.
③The water will last for three days.
④The water will last us for three days
.

9.They burst out laughing(= burst into laughter.)他们突然笑了起来。

10.You are no longer a child.
= You are not a child any longer
.你不再是个小小孩子了。
....................................................................................

1.She made a dress for me.
= She made me a dress
.她给我做了一件衣服。

2.他和1位医生结婚了。
He married a doctor.
②He got married to a doctor.
③He was married to a doctor
.

3.I did not mean you to go =I die not mean that you should go.

4.这个字是什么意思?
What does this word mean?
②What is meant by this word?
③What’s the meaning of this word
?

5.Mind your own business.
= That’s none of your business
.别多管闲事。P198

6.Do you mind if I open the window?
= Do you mind my opening the window
? 我打开窗子,你不介意吗?

7.我吸烟你不介意吧?
Mind if I smoke?
②Do you mind my smoking?
③Do you mind me smoking?
④Would you mind if I smoke?
⑤Would you mind my smoking
?

8.Certainly not.= Sure.
= Of course(not)
.当然可以(not 有时可省略)。

9.He hit me on the head.
= He hit my head
.他打我的头。

10.Have a good trip.祝您旅行愉快。
= Have a good journey.

......................................................................................
1.他很有可能会生气。[he/get/angry=中心词]
>He may well get very angry.

*考点:主+may可能..., well=with good reason=有充足的理由
>He gets very angry,and well he may.*考点:句子+and well+句子
>He has good reason to get so angry.*考点:有某理由去做某事。
>He gets very angry, and with good reason.*考点:句子+and with+名词.

2.我正要去拜访你
[I/was/to call on you=中心词]
>I was about to call on you.*考点:be about to...=将要

>I was just going to call on you.*考点:be going to...=将要
>I was on the point of calling on you.
*考点:be on the point of+Ving+...=将要 <52英语P11.>

3.我习惯在傍晚的时候出去散步。[to go out for a walk ...=中心词]
>I make it a rule to go out for a walk towards evening.
>I make a point of going out for a walk towards evening.
>It is a rule with me to go out for a walk towards evening.

4.这本书非常有趣,我把它读了遍又一遍。[this book/+I...=中心词]
>>This book is so interesting that I have read it again and again.
>>As this book is very interesting, I have read it again and again.
>This book being very interesting, I have read it again and again.
>>This is such an interesting book that I have read it again and again.

5.打好英文作文基础的最佳途径就是阅读许多浅显的书籍。
>The best way to lay the foundation of English composition is to read many easy books.
>One can lay the best foundation of English composition by reading many easy books.
>There is no better way to lay the foundation
of English composition than to read many easy books
.
>There is nothing like reading many easy books
for laying the best foundation of English composition
.

6.直到在国外旅行的时候,我才开始深深体会到语言不通是多么的不方便。
I had not realized how inconvenient it was when one could not make oneslf
understood till I travelled in a foreign country
.
=I had realized how inconvenient it was when one could not make oneslf understood
only after I travelled in a foreign country
.

7.你怎么样?[about you=中心词];词法:how=what的用法。
How about you?=What about you?


8.我害怕掉进游泳池里。[I=中心词]
>I'm afraid of fallng into the swimming-poor.
>
I don't want it to happen to me.*it=of关于 fallng into the swimming-poor

9.他在1周后到达。[He arrive a week=中心词]

>
He arrived a week after.该结构不可用在将来时里。
>He arrived after a week.同上。
>He will arrive in a week.他将在1周后到达。*考点: will...in...

10.他2小时前离开了.[He two hours ago=中心词]
>
He left two hours ago.
*不用完成时(=have+过分);被介宾结构切换后,可用于完成时,如:
>He has been away since two hours ago.
同上。
>He left befor two hours.*同上。
*考点:since two hours ago=since+n.=介宾结构;
two hours ago的反义词in two hours(将来时

....................................................................................
1.I like this kind of rice dumplings.It has green bears.
= I like rice dumplings with green beans.考点:have=with

2.You must look after your little brother.考点:look after=take care of
= You must take care of your little brother.

3.They don't do the same job.
= They do different jobs.考点:not...the same=different

4.My favourite subject is English.
= English is my favourite subject.*考点:判断句be动词的前后成分相等,可互换使用。
= I like English best.*精华:favourite=like...best

5.He does well in singing English songs.
= He's good at singing English songs.*记:do well in=be good at
再参考:I'm poor at English.记:atin的转换
= I'm weak in English.*记:be poor at=be weak in

6.I know a little English.
= I just know less English.
= I have some acquaintance with English. [э`kweintэns]n.了解

7.Let's have some orange juice,shall we?
= Why not havesome orange juice?
= Why don't we have some orange juice?

8.Do you have any time on Wednesday?占有句
= Are you free on Wednesday?描写句

9.We are all here,but Kitty isn't.
= We are all here except Kitty.
语法:but\except不包含;besides\in addition to包含;例句:
Beside English,he knows Japanese.除英语外他还懂日语。
In addition to English,he has to study Japanese.除法语外他还得学日语。

10.What other things do they need?
=What else do they need? *考点:other things=else

..................................................................................
1.I want to make him a chocolate cake.
= I'd like to make a chocolate cake for him.

2.He likes cartoons better than exciting films.
= He prefers cartoons to exciting films.

3.Peter goes to school on foot.Mark goes to school on foot,too.
= Peter goes to school on foot and so does Mark.

4.There are some pictures.The pictures were taken last week.
= There are some pictures taken last week.
参考 There's little time left.剩下的时间不多了。

5.Tom is looking for someone.He is good at drawing.
= Tom is looking for someone who is good at drawing.

6.Don't throw rubbish every where.
= Don't throw rubbish here and there.

7.She wet her hair and put some shampoo on it.
= She let her hair wet and put some shampoo on it.

8.Turn left at the second turning.
=Take the second turning on the left.

9.He led them to their room personally.
= He himself showed them to their room.

10.Can you tell me the location of the fire exit?
= Can you tell me where the fire exit is?
........................................................

1.Why don't you write him a letter?
= Why not write him a letter?

2.You can catch a train from London to Paris.
= You can't miss from London to Paris by train.

3.If the teacher doesn't help me.I can't finish the work.
= Without the teacher I can't finish the work.

4.We should dress neatly and tidily.
= We have to dress neatly and tidily.

5.You should choose one right now.
= You should choose one at once. :immediately立刻,at this moment立刻

6.This will take place on Tuesday 23rd May.
= This will happen on Tuesday 23rd may.

7.They both had dictonan'es.
=Both of them had dictimaries.

8.They don't know what they will do next.
=They don't know what to do next.

9.It's not right for us to pollute water.
=To pollute water is not right for us.

10.Without air we can't live.
=We can't live without air.
.........................................................................

1.What do you mean by liquid gold? [`likwid]n.液体
= What does liquid gold mean?参考What does this sentence mean?这句子是什么意思
= What is the meaning of the liquid gold?参What is the meaning of life?人生的意义是什么?

2.If you need a dictionary.I'll lend my dictionary to you.
= If you need a dictionary I'll lend you one.

3.Are those their pictures?
=Are those pictures theirs?

4.The minutes seemed like hours.
= But the minutes look like hours.

5.The boy often cooks the meal personally.
= Let the boy cook the meal himself.
He himself did it.他亲自做这事。
He returned by himself.他单独(独自\独立)回来。

6.If we were deaf we couldn't hear music.
= If we made deaf,we couldn't hear music.

7.No one was waiting.当时没有人在等着。
= There was no one waiting.

8.Something must be wrong.肯定出了什么差错。描写句
= There must be something wrong.存在句

9.Plenty of people are getting promotion.有很多人得到晋升。
=There are plenty of people getting promotion.

10.Something is causing her distress.有什么事儿让她感到悲伤。cause[k):z]vt.起因
=There's something causing her distress.[di`stres]n.不幸
..............................................................................

1.Two bulldozers have been knocking the place flat.有两台推土机把那地方推平了。动态句
=There have been two bulldozers knocking the place flat.存在句

2.I've got too many eggs.
= I've got too few eggs.
= I've got enough eggs.

3.I've got too much milk.
= I've got too little milk.
= I've got too enough milk.

4.Don't throw rubbish every where.
= Don't throw rubbish here and there.

5.She wet her hair and put some shampoo on it.
= She made her hair wet and put some shampoo on it.

6.Turn left at the second turning.
= Take the second turning on the left.

7.He led them to their room personally.
= He himself showed them to their room.

8.In order to master English we must work hard at it.
= We must work hard at English so as to master it.
= To master English,we must work hard at it.
= We must work hard at English to master it.
考点:so as to不那置于句首。

9.What do you mean to do?你打算做什么?
= What are you going to to?
= What do you intend to to?
= What do you aim to do? [eim]vti.n.意欲
参考What are you doing this evening?今晚你打算做什么?
参考What are your plans for the holidays?假期你打算做什么?

10.I can't seem to stop coughing.我的咳嗽看来止不住了。
= It seems that I can't stop coughing.
......................................................

1.Kitty and Ben went home immediately.
= Kitty and Ben went home at once.

2.She seems to be right.她做得对。
= It seems that she's right.

3.He cut himself face shaving.他刮胡须时割破了脸。
= He cut his face shaving.

4.Students wishing to go hiking should sign their names here.希望去远足的同学们在这里签名。
= Students who wish to go hiking should sign their names here.定语从句=分词短语

5.The freeway being built will lead to the ferry pier.正在修建的这条高速公路将直通船坞。
= The freeway that\which is being built will lead to the ferry pier.状语从句=分词短语

6.Fcaring that her boyfriend would recognize her,she stood behind a phone box.
由于害怕她的男朋友会认出她来,她站在电话亭后面。 分词短语=状语从句
=Because she feared that her boyfriend would recognize her,she stood behind a phone box.

7.Knowing that he couldn't solve the problem in this way,he changed his mind.
因为知道用这种方法解决不了这个问题,所以他改变了想法。分词短语=状语从句
=Because he knew that he couldn't solve the problem in this way,he changed his mind.


8.The policeman caught the thief stealing a wallet from a man.那名警察发现那小偷正在偷1个人的钱包。
=The policeman caught the thief when he was stealing a wallet from a man.

9.I found myself lying on the ground.我发现自己躺在地上。
= I found that I was lying on the ground.


10.Seeing is believing.百闻不如一见。判断句
=To see is to belish.

.................................................................................

1.A favorable beginning is half done.一个顺利的开始是成功的一半。[`feiэvэrbl]a.顺利的
=A good beginning is half done.
=A good beginning is half battle.


2.A good beginning makes a good end.
开头好结果好。
=A good beginning makes a good ending.膳始者必善其终。


3.It's no good talking to him.同他谈没有用。
=It's no good talking him.
=It's no good my talking to him.*动名词作主语时常使用it作形式主语

=It is of no use talking with him.跟他说没用。
=It is no use talking to him.

4.Paron me asking.对不起冒昧问一下。
=
Paron me for asking.
=Paron my asking.

5.I just can't understand him taking the money.我真无法理解他为什么要偷钱.
=I just can't understand his taking the money.

6.Stir yourself!动弹动弹!
=Get moving.动起来!
=Get busy.找点事干!

7.Is there a toilet near here?
= Where's the toilet?

8.How do I get to the ferry pier?
= Can you tell me the way to the ferry pier?
= Where is the ferry pier?

9.What's there in the cupboard?(存)
= What do we have in the cupboard?
= What hare we got in the cupboard?
= What is in the cupboard?

10.Asked why he was absent,he said he was ill.当问到他为什么迟到时,他说他病了。*时间状语
=
When he was asked why he was absent,he said he was ill.
..................................................................

1. I had my car repaired.我找人修好了我的车。
=
I askd somebody to repair the car.

2.I must have my hair cut.我必须让我的头发理1下。
直译:就是转换成英语的语序思维逻辑.
=I must let the barber cut my hair.*句中cut=to cut=不定式 作宾补.
考点:让他人为宾语服务。接过去分词作宾补的谓语动词是:have.

3.Tom had his leg broken in an accident.
Tom的腿骨折了,在一场车祸中。直译:就是转换成英语的语序思维逻辑.
=Tom'leg was broken in an accident.


4.Tom had his purse stolen on the bus yesterday.
Tom让钱包被偷了,在公共汽车上,昨天。直译:就是转换成英语的语序思维逻辑.
=Tom'purse was stolen on the bus yesterday.

考点:宾语被他人侵害。宾补前的谓语动词是:had.<过去时>

5.Tom told me,he had his car repaired.
Tom告诉我,他使他的车子修好了。直译:就是转换成英语的语序思维逻辑.
=Tom told me,his car was repaired.

考点:宾语被他人或同他人一起完成其结果。宾补前的谓语动词是:had.<过去时>


6.This is a moving story.这是1个感人的故事。<现阶段>
=This is a story that moves people.

7.The drowned man can not come to life.淹死的人不能复活了。<完成>
=The man who has been drowned can't come to life.


8.I didn't like him taking all the credit.我讨厌他把全部功劳归于自己。
=I didn't like his taking all the credit[`kredit]荣誉.


9.She advised me giving up smoking.她劝我戒烟。
=She advised my giving up smoking.*现在分词-ing表示过程
=She advised me to give up smoking.
*不定式to+V表示事实或完成

10.Tom borrowed a pen from me.
=I lent a pen to Tom.*borrow→lend;from→to 请记住它们

..........................................................
1.Let him cook the meal personally.
=Let him cook the meal by himself.

2.We booked a room for our holidays.*book→arrange做准备 to rent
=We arranged to rent a room for our holidays.

3.Can you tell me the first letters of your name?
=Can you tell me your initials首字母?

4.The fire alarm[э`la:m] went off. *go off 响起made a sudden noise
=The fire alarm made a sudden noise.

5.Passing by the house,he saw a girl playing the piano.他经过那所房子时,看见1个女孩在弹钢琴。
=When he was passing by the house,he saw a girl playing the piano.


6.As I didn't receive any letter from him,I gave him a call.
=Not receiving any letter from him,I gave him a call.由于没有收到他的信,我给他打了电话。

7.If more attention was given,the trees could have grown better.
=Given more attention,the trees could have grown better.假如多给些照顾,那些树会长得更好。

8.Followed by some officials官员,Napoleon拿破仑 inspected检阅 his army.
=With some officials following,Napoleon inspected his army.


9.Heated liquids can be changed into gases.
=When it is heated,liquids can be changed into gases.


10.Used for a long time,the book looks old.由于用了很长时间,这本书看上去很旧。
=Being used for a long time,the book looks old.
...................................................
1.His father's death made him leave school.他父亲的离世使他缀学。*使役
=He was made to leave school by his father's death.*被动

2.She does not shine in conversation.她不擅长谈话。动态句
=She is not a good talker.判断句

3.What does it cost?它值多少钱?
=How much does it cost?

4.What is 6 times 6? 6×6=?
=What does 6 times 6 make?
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