赵氏52英语网 www.w52w.com 占有句\现在时2-美式

目录 | 现在时1-英式现在时2-美式过 去将 来过 将现 完过 完将 完
过将完现 进过 进将 进过 将 进现完进过完进其它综 合 *英美式只限于现在时

1
占有句\现在时2-美式
公式:主+have/has+宾 定义:某人占有某事物。

  现在时2-美式    现在时1-英式
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Tom has a car.  Tom有一辆汽车. =Tom has got a car.
Tom doesn't have a car. Tom没有一辆汽车.=Tom hasn'tgot a car.
Does Tom have a car?  Tom有一辆汽车吗? =Has Tom got a car?
Yes,he does.  是的,他有。 =Yes,he has.
No,he doesn't.  不,他没有。 =No,he hasn't.
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2占有句\现在时<美式英式>
1.肯定形式美式无got,由主语决定用have or has.
A rose has many petals.玫瑰花有许多花瓣。[petl]
2.否定形式借助动词do变化,词尾s转移给助动词do,变化成does 否定=doesn't.
3.一般疑问由动词引导,否则不能加"?".
4.简答规律=谁提问,谁作答.does问 does答.has问 has答.
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3占有句\现在时2-美式 特殊疑问形式
[规则]疑问词/疑问词组"必须"置于句首.疑问词/疑问词组后面"必须"有动词。
用此方法翻译英文句子准确*按照中文方式首先写出该句子,再按照"2个必须"操作:
  现在时2-美式   现在时1-英式
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They have what car?  *what car=疑问词组,=They have got what car?
  前置句首再借do解冲突.
英 What car do they have?他们有什么车?=What car have they got?
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Who has a car?中=英↓        =Who has got a car?
Who has a car?谁有1辆汽车?        ↓=Who has got a car?√
*符合“两个必须”*who后用has.

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They have how many cars?*how many cars疑问词组=They have how many cars?
 前置句首↓借do解冲突.how many+复数名词,they后用have.
How many cars do they have?他们有多少辆汽车?=How many cars have they got?
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4占有句\现在时2-美式 感叹形式2个必须:
1.感叹词组"必须"置于句首,其后"必须"跟主语,用what引导名词作感叹词组,
 其它由how引导.
2.中=英↓用此方法翻译英文句子准确*按照中文方式首先写出该句子再按照
 
"2个必须"操作如:
   现在时2-美式      现在时1-英式
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感中 He has what a kind heart!*What a kind heart =He has what a kind heart!
   =感叹词组前置句首+主语
What a kind heart he has!他有1幅多么好的心肠啊!=What a kind heart he has got!
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5占有句\现在时2-美式 选择疑问形式:一般疑问+or

Do they have a car or not?他们有1辆汽车还是没有?=Have they got a car or not?
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6占有句\现在时2美式 反问形式:肯定/否定+疑问

They have a car,don't they?他们有1辆车,没有吗?=They haven't got a car,
   haven't they?
Tom doesn't have a car,doesn't he?Tom没有车,有吗?=Tom hasn't got a car,
   has he?
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7占有句\现在时2-美式 基本功训练:
1.what/how 译作“多么”,what/how是感叹句的引导词。
2.感叹形式中,感叹词组必须置于句首,其最后1个词为名词时用what,其它
用how引导。
3.感叹词组中的a good都不能删除,如:what a good car!
4.判断句,存在句,占有句用what引导感叹句,描写句用how引导。勿忘!
5.占有句[美式]→主+has/have+名词.*变否定,疑问和简答时借do/does变化.
6.借do变化时,has后面的"s"转移给助动词do→does("o"结尾的动词+es)
7.句中有does时,has → have,勿忘!("s"只在一个动词身上体现)

They have a computer.  他们有1台电脑。
They don't have a computer.他们没有1台电脑。
Do they have a computer? 他们有1台电吗?
Yes,they do. No,they don't.*do问,do答.

He has a computer.   他有1台电脑。
He doesn't have a computer.他没有1台电脑。
Does he have a computer? 他有1台电吗?
Yes,he does. No,he doesn't.*does问,does答.
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8占有句\现在时2-美式 简短对话
A.Is your son working yet?(动态句/进行时)你的儿子还在工作吗?
B.No,he doesn't yet have a job.不,他没有工作。
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9占有句\现在时2-美式 典型例句建议入门者暂不阅读↓
We have fewer students specializing in maths than in English.*specialize in专业从事.
我们有数学专业的学生比英语专业的少。
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The English have a lot to learn from the Japanese.
英国人好多东西日本人学习。
The laws of science have no exceptions.科学的规律没有例外
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现位置美式现在时*查看过去时
10万个为什么?
1.判(特)+动+占=是什么,能否构成简短对话为什么?
:
能,其内容的表述也较为丰富。
What's the matter with him? =判(特)他怎么了?
He says that he has got an headache.=动+占 他说他头痛。
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2.few,a few,fewer,fewest与可数名词搭配为什么?
:
其内容表述主要是级的变化+用法.
few≈hardly,any,not enough=暗含否定.
Few people can speak a foreign language perfectly.
很少的人能把外语说得十分完美.a few≈some=肯定意思.
There are still a few apples left,so why not take two?
还剩几个苹果,为什么不去取2个?[间接疑问]
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3.little,a little,less,least.与不可数名词搭配为什么?
:
其内容表述主要是级的变化+用法。
You rest too little.你休息得太少了.
A little slam.小满贯!

He did the least work.他做的事最少.
=He works the least. =他工作得最少.

I am not in the least tired/afraid.我一点也不 累/怕.
Tom is less fat than he used to be.TOM没有以前那么胖了.
He has less strength than I. 他力气小,比起我来.
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4.判断句与占有句搭配行吗为什么?:表述递进关系。
That's a nice dress you have on.你穿的这件衣服真漂亮。
That's a nice dress you have got on.你穿的这件衣服真漂亮。
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5.动态句与占有句搭配行吗为什么?:表述因果关系。
I can't answer the door.I have nothing on.我不能去开门,我没穿衣服.
I can't answer the door.I have got nothing on.我不能去开门,我没穿衣服。
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