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各种疑问各种否定简答与省略从句虚拟倒装与3非谓语法与10种词[2]种词法翻译技巧
2种词法:
1.N=不变词(非动词) 2.V =变词(动词)
句子定义:语法决定词法,词法组成句子进化后的2种词使句子由繁化简。易学易通。
要点提示:作主/宾=名词性质,作表语=名/形容词性质,作状语=副词性质,作定语=形容词性质。
教学目的:了解各国语言的语法是相通的,不同的只是位置有部分变化。
这就是“英文=中文”的理论基础...
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1[2]种词法
[1]
基本公式:N + V =主 + 谓(动作)

如 Birds sing.鸟唱歌。

He was working.他正在工作呢。
It doesn't matter.那没关系.
Someone is lying.有人正在说慌。

The bus has arrived.公共汽车到了.
I'll treat
today.今天我请客。*时间状语
She works at home.她在家工作 *地点状语

He insists on our seeing him now.他坚持要我们现在就见他.
*our=形容词(=双重定语)=正式

He insists on us seeing him now. 他坚持要我们现在就见他.
*us=we=形式主语=非正式

I insist on being present.我坚持要在现场。
I insist on seeing it.我一定要见到它。
He insisted on my going with him.他坚持要我跟他一起去.
*my=形容词(=双重定语)=正式

He insisted upon my going with him.他坚持要我跟他一起去.
*my=形容词(=双重定语)=正式
Her future was assured.他的未来是有保障的.*N+be+过去分词=被动语态
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2 [2]种词法
[2]
基本公式 N + V + N=主+谓+宾(动作关涉的对象)
如 I love you.我爱你.*主+动作+宾(对象)

I know your name.我知道你的名字.
*主+动作+()宾 ()=定语
I put it into the lock.我将它插进琐里.*地点状语

My friend watched that movie again and again.

我的朋友反复地看了那部电影。*程度状语
Traveling as well as erading broaden
s a person's mind.
旅行和阅读一样,拓宽人的思维。*并列主语

I wholly believe what you said.我完全相信你说的*宾语从句
I can't help laughing.我不能忍住笑.*现在分词=宾语

I like watching football.我喜欢看足球.*分词短语=宾语
Tom can't bear listening to jazz.TOM不能容忍爵士乐.*分词短语=宾语
Everyone thanked Tom for the party.人们都为晚会的事感谢TOM.*目的状语
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3[2]种词法
[3]基本公式
1.N+V+N=主+系+表(表语解释主语)

如 She is good.她很好.

It's me.是我.
Two is enough.两个就够了。
He was the first to arrive.他是第一位到达的.*the first=表语
The house is on offer.房屋待售.*on offer介词短语=表语
The party will be tomorrow. 聚会是在明天.*tomorrow副词
She became my friend.她成为了我的朋友。

She became busy.她变得繁忙起来.*过程描写
The milk has gone bad. 奶牛变坏了.*过程描写
Our water will not last long.我们的水快没有了.*过程描写

中=The meeting will last how long?会议要持续多久?*中=英↓
英=How long will the meeting last? 会议要持续多久?*How long=表语
The building seems to be empty.那栋楼好象是空着的.
*不定式短语=表语
This is just what we need.这正是我们需要的.*分句(动态句)=表语

To see is to believe.
眼见为实.*不定式短语=主语=表语
My favourite sport is playing football.
我最喜爱的运动是踢足球.*现在分词短语=表语

This glass is broken.这个玻璃杯是坏的.*过去分词=表语
*
名/数/代/形/副/不定式/分词/分句...只要是在解释主语=表语
这样你就会了解教学术语:主+系+表.(结构)
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2.N+V+N=主+系+(有的表语后面可跟宾语)

定义:当表语属于动词性质时,后面允许跟宾语.
如 full,afraid,sorry,glad,sure,ready,able,eager,anxious...

The room was full of people.室内挤满了人。
Are you afraid of spooks?你怕鬼吗?*spook[spu:k]鬼
I'm afraid that it is an unsound investment.我担心这项投资靠不住。
I feel sorry about that.我对此感到遗憾。
Aren't you sorry for/about what you've done?
你难道不为自己做的事情而感到惭愧吗?

He was glad at/about the news.他听到那消息很高兴。
I'm glad that it's all over.我很高兴那都已过去了。
Are you sure of your facts? 你能肯定你的资料属实吗?
Can we be sure that she's honest? 我们能确信她是诚实的吗?
Are you ready to order,sir?先生,您要点什么?

I'm ready when you are!我准备好了,就等你了.
Are you able to come tonight?今晚你能来吗?
You are better able to do it than I am.你比我更有能力做这件事.

She is eager for success.他渴望成功.
He is anxious to study abroad.他渴望出国留学.
We were anxious that there be no misunderstanding.我们渴望没有误解.
They were anxious that aid[eid] should be sent promptly.
他们盼望援助物品迅速被送到.
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4[2]种词法
[4]基本公式 N+V+N1+N2=主++宾1+宾2
如 She gave me two fingers.她朝我做了个V字型手势。*
双宾语
I wish all our friends a happy New Year.我希望全体朋友新年快乐。*宾语

We assure you that we are doing our best.我们向你保证,我们正在尽全力呢。*N2=分句
I didn't tell
anyone
where I had hidden the key.
我不能告诉其他人我把钥匙隐藏到了何处。

Tom told me that his father was ill.TOM告诉我他的父亲病了。*宾语,N2=分句
I informed her that her bag had been found.
通知她,她的包已找到。*宾语,N2=分句
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5[2]种词法
[5]基本公式 N+V+N+< >=主++宾+补语 *补语就是给宾语一个说法
如 She saw me
dance.他看见了我跳舞.*dance=补语:宾语发出的动作。

I saw him
going home.我曾看见他回家.*going home现在分词短语=补语
Do you mind him borrowing your car?你介意他借用你的车吗?*him=he=形式主语
=Do you mind his borrowing your car? *his=形容词(=双重定语)

They saw the home team beaten.他们看到家乡队被打败.*详细请访问[使役5]
She dislikes the house being left empty.她讨厌屋子里空无1人。
She can't bear anyone interfering with her work.她不能忍受任何人打扰她的工作。
中 You could tell us to visit which museums?*could which museums除外=中英

Could you tell us which museums to visit?你能告诉我们去哪个博物馆参观吗?
He treated her as his servant.*treat[tri:t]他把她当作了他的仆人。
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英语10万个为什么?

1.我们都认为他是位出色的老板.同义句怎么写→为什么?
:主+V+宾+补=主动,主(原宾)+be+过分=被动
We all thought him an excellent boss.*名词词组=补语
=
We all thought him to be
an excellent boss.*不定式=补语
=
We all thought that he was an excellent boss.*分句=补语
=He was thought an excellent boss.*名词词组=补语
=
He was thought to be an excellent boss.*不定式=补语

2.动态句+描写句+存在句 用在一个句子里怎么写→为什么?
:其特征属于句中句性质。

Mother said lunch was ready and there was a mad dash for the tabe.
妈妈说到午饭做好了,一窝蜂地奔向饭桌.
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